Category Archives: Naxal/Maoist in India

PESA – A Potent Weapon Against Naxals (Maoists) In India !!

PESA Act 1996 has a great potential to wipe out Naxal violence, preserve forests and ecology, and to assimilate 8 crore tribals into the national mainstream. But state governments lack will power to implement the PESA act honestly. Continue reading

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No PESA, No Paisa for the Tribals of India!!

PESA Act of 1996 was in principle meant to give self rule authority to the tribal people and govern themselves as well as their resources. However, in reality nothing has changed except on paper. State governments, politicians, businessmen, and bureaucrats do everything to retain their control on the tribals and the rich natural resources of their surroundings. Continue reading

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Panchayat (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act (or PESA), 1996

The Panchayat (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act (or PESA), 1996 extended the idea of local governance to tribal regions of India. This act was needed because the Panchayat Raj bill (73rd and 74th ammendments) did not automatically apply to regions of the fifth and sixth schedules of the constitution. Continue reading

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Left Wing Extremists in India – Internal Conflicts

Naxals’ armed struggle against the state machinery is largely decided by the internal power struggle of different fractions. Continue reading

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Left Wing Extremists in India – Historical Snapshots

Years wise events are documented here. These provide a walk through right from the birth of left wing violence to the present time. Continue reading

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Indian Government’s Response to Maoist Violence

Governments’ response to Naxal threat has never been focused and has always been delayed and forced. Anyway, now the central government is appearing to responding to the larger issues that helped Naxals thrive. Continue reading

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Best Ways to Counter Maoists Violence in India

A two pronged strategy is suggested to counter the Naxal violence in India. These attack the very root of the Naxal problem. Continue reading

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Maoist Struggle in India – Role of the Civil Society

The ideal role the society NGOs and media should be playing is that of human rights watchdog. Every act of error in the use of force serves to defeat the purpose. The basic reason why Maoists have been able to … Continue reading

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Operation Green Hunt

Operation Green Hunt is the government response to decimate Naxal dominance in the Red Corridor. Started two years ago, it is an undeclared operation; the term OGH is coined by the media. Continue reading

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Salwa Judum – Anti Maoist Movement in Chhattisgarh

Salwa Judum (means Peace March or Purification Hunt in Gondi language) Before the Salwa Judum Bastar and Dantewada districts of Chhattisgarh have traditionally been sparsely populated, rich in natural resources, and are among the poorest tribal regions. Here the Maoists (Naxalites) have continued to enlarge their … Continue reading

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Genesis of Naxalism/Maoism in India

The Telangana Movement The only logical way to look at the Naxal movement is to locate it within the framework of Communist movement in India. The best place to start should be the rise and fall of the Telangana Movement … Continue reading

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Communist Party of India (Maoist)

The Naxal movement in India entered yet another phase of organizational transformation with the merger of two of the principal armed organizations, viz. People’s War Group (PWG) and the Maoist Communist Centre of India (MCC-I), which resulted in the formation … Continue reading

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