Successive Indian governments have not been equipped to deal with the Naxals, both ideologically and programmatically. Despite labeling as a law and order problem, government initiatives failed to curtail Naxal due to lack of both sufficient number of trained security personnel and a comprehensive strategy. Connivance of administrative officials with the rich and influential at the neglect of poor provides a pragmatic reason for Naxals to exist. Every accusation of fake encounters, torture and death in police custody makes them adopted children of the human rights lobby.
The central government recently spent $18 billion to buy huge amounts of military supplies and munitions, including the latest state-of-the- art global positioning systems and night-vision- capable automatic rifles. Drones are being provided by Israel. And the Israeli Mossad is training Indian police as snipers. Media reports suggest that their mission is to assassinate leaders of the CPI (Maoist) and the mass movement.
The military has set up camps in the forests and along streams and ponds. They have closed schools and taken school buildings for their own use. They have cordoned off the area around the forests, preventing the Adivasis from getting food and marketable items that allow them to earn a livelihood and access to water. And they are trying to prevent the Maoists from merging with and being nourished by the masses of Adivasis.
Besides the plan of force, the government seems to have plans for development of the territory included in the Red Corridor. Just recently, the central government has planned to spend Rs. 100 cr on every of the 33 (or 34) Maoist affected districts. This is an additional expenditure apart from the usual security related expenditure. These districts are
Andhra Pradesh: Khammam and (Srikakulam, Vizianagaram or Visakhapatnam)
Bihar: Arwal, Aurangabad, Gaya, Jamui, Jehanabad, Rohtas
Chhattisgarh: Bastar, Dantewada, Kanker, Rajnandgaon, Surguja, Narayanpur Bijapur
Jharkhand: Bokaro, Chatra, Garhwa, Gumla, Hazaribagh, Latehar, Lohardaga,
East Singhbhum, Palamau, West Singhbhum
Madhya Pradesh: Balaghat
Maharashtra: Gadchiroli, Gondia
Orissa: Rayagada, Deogah, Gajapati, Malkangiri, Sambalpur
Uttar Pradesh: Sonebhadra
According to reports, this additional money of Rs. 3400 cr will be spent on roads, electricity and drinking water. Plus there is an issue of implementing the PESA (Panchayats Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act.