The Naxal movement in India entered yet another phase of organizational transformation with the merger of two of the principal armed organizations, viz. People’s War Group (PWG) and the Maoist Communist Centre of India (MCC-I), which resulted in the formation of the Communist Party of India (Maoist) or simply CPI (Maoist).
Since then, the morale of the left wing extremist elements has been on the rise due to enhanced ideological and operational synergy to the detriment of the state, which is always slow to react. They are now trying to woo other splinter groups and have also consolidated their front organizations into ‘Revolution Democratic Front’ (RDF) to intensify their mass contact program.
The improvised aim of the CPI (Maoist) as announced on the occasion of its formation is to establish a compact revolutionary zone, stretching from Nepal to Bihar to Andhra Pradesh and beyond. While continuing their pursuit of a people’s democracy, the ultimate aim of the CPI (Maoist) is to seize power through protracted armed struggle. The rebels reject participation in elections or involvement with any established government, as the state is seen as ineffectual and ignorant to the needs of the poor. Land use is a particular issue.