The following are the main issues on which there appear to be considerable differences among the Naxal groups and which are primary causes of conflict between them.
- The analysis of the first phase (1967- 71) of the Naxalite movement and the line of struggle to be followed
- The position that armed struggle is the principal form of struggle and the armed guerilla squad, the primary unit of struggle
- Whether the contradiction between feudalism and the Indian masses is the principal contradiction in Indian society or whether India has emerged as a capitalist state and hence, the contradiction between capitalism and general public is the principal contradiction
- Whether it would be prudent to form a united front with various forces and movements like the dalit, farmers’, ethnic and regional, and ecological movements etc.
However, these are not the only issues; several other issues pertaining to ground reality and control of territory are crucially linked to the functioning of Naxalite organizations.