The ideal role the society NGOs and media should be playing is that of human rights watchdog. Every act of error in the use of force serves to defeat the purpose. The basic reason why Maoists have been able to expand their sphere of influence is the neglect of the poorest of poor in the country. When left to fend for themselves, they could not find any other helping hand except of the self-serving left wing extremists, the Maoists.
Now time has come to assimilate the tribal population and other backwards into the mainstream society. But it has to be done in a civilized manner without trying to counter the Maoists in their own ways. The best way to counter Naxals and their influence over the neglected section of the society is to look after them. Certainly not throwing them out of their territory for sake of national growth or big companies’ financial interests.
Functioning of the NGOs is going to be difficult in Naxal affected areas because as a strategy they can’t allow development of the region or the people for the simple reason – they derive their strength and sustenance from the neglect and backwardness. They are only exploiting issues of people to further their core aim – gain power through Mao’s model of bloodshed. In this aspect they are just power hungry people and need to be dealt with sternly.