Salient Features of the Right to Education Act, 2009

Following features provide the basis of implementation of the RTE Act, 2009.

  • Every child in the age group of 6-14 has the right to free and compulsory education in a neighborhood school, till the completion of elementary education
  • Private schools will have to take 25% of their class strength from the weaker section and the disadvantaged group of the society through a random selection process. Government will fund education of these children.

No seats in this quota can be left vacant. These children will be treated on par with all the other children in the school and subsidized by the State at the rate of average per learner costs in the government schools (unless the per learner costs in the private school are lower).

All schools will have to prescribe to norms and standards laid out in the Act and no school that does not fulfill these standards within 3 years will be allowed to function. All private schools will have to apply for recognition, failing which they will be penalized to the tune of Rs 1 lakh and if they still continue to function will be liable to pay Rs 10,000 per day as fine. Norms and standards of teacher qualification and training are also being laid down by an Academic Authority. Teachers in all schools will have to subscribe to these norms within 5 years.

  • No donation and capitation fee is allowed.
  • No admission test or interview either for child or parents.
  • No child can be held back, expelled and required to pass the board examination till the completion of elementary education.
  • There is provision for establishment of commissions to supervise the implementation of the act.
  • A fixed student and teacher ratio is to be maintained.
  • All schools have to adhere to rules and regulations laid down in this act, failing which the school will not be allowed to function. Three years moratorium period has been provided to school to implement all that is required of them.
  • Norms for teachers training and qualifications are also clearly mentioned in the act.
  • All schools except private unaided schools are to be managed by School management Committees with 75% of parents and guardians as members.

Children Benefited

Approx 22 crore children fall under the age group 6-14. Out of which 4.1% i.e. 92 lakhs children either dropped out from school or never attend any educational institution. These children will get elementary education. Local and state government will ensure it.


The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) has been mandated to monitor the implementation of this historic Right. A special Division within NCPCR will undertake this huge and important task in the coming months and years. A special toll free helpline to register complaints will be set up by NCPCR for this purpose. NCPCR welcomes the formal notification of this Act and looks forward to playing an active role in ensuring its successful implementation.

NCPCR also invites all civil society groups, students, teachers, administrators, artists, writers, government personnel, legislators, members of the judiciary and all other stakeholders to join hands and work together to build a movement to ensure that every child of this country is in school and enabled to get at least 8 years of quality education.

Read About Anomalies & Challenges in the RTE Act

Download the Right to Education Report

About Goodpal

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27 Responses to Salient Features of the Right to Education Act, 2009

  1. Pingback: How to Make the RTE Act More Effective | Disecting State Policies

  2. Pingback: RTE Act 2009 — Anomalies and Challenges | Dissecting State Policies

  3. Deepak kumar singh says:

    Nice and precise

  4. Pankaj says:

    Gd learning material

  5. Chetankumar C. Rattihalli says:

    One thing I am confused is, whether ICSE syllabus schools are also covered under this Act.

  6. GARIMA SINGH says:

    easy language, precise, overall its nyc……………………..

  7. Goodpal says:

    Thanks friends, for your Comments. Please keep visiting.

  8. Kiewsanroy Nongbet says:

    I strongly appreciate and support with this act.and one thing i want to know that can we get this act in regional language on the internet

  9. xyz says:

    right to education act pass karney sey ek baat to tay hai ki padney waley baccho ka bhi futur kharab hai or padney walon key saath bhi dokha hi hai

  10. vaishali says:

    right to education act will become very useful for India .it is a positive step for childrens to take education free & compulsary in the age of 6 to 14 years.thanks to Indian government for this act.

  11. Goodpal says:

    Thank you Vaishali, for sharing your views. What is needed is the quality in education. Mere building and staff facilities are not good enough.

  12. Biswajit Roy says:

    The class rooms are not well according to the child environment.The child comes to school not for study but for fun games.So we have to teach in a play way manner such as readin stories showinn some easy magic.At this the children will love to come school and collect knoledge.Unfortunatelly we have no audio-visual method in most of our schools in India.

  13. Goodpal says:

    Thanks Biswajit, for sharing your thoughts. You are talking about quality of education by using high technology. If we leave aside the urbanized India which has been nurtured since independence, the truth is that a vast majority of people is struggling with poverty. For their children school has been a luxury meant for the well off society. The RTE has for the first time in India enabled them to enter a school boundary. It is another fact that a lot of people send their children to school because the kids can eat the mid day meal. Society has to come forward and take care of the facilities the government is creating and contribute towards upgrading the quality of teaching.

  14. Gurbakhshish Singh says:

    RTE act had made our students totally illiterate. They have the certificate of eight class pass certificate but cannot even write their names properly. I am the teacher in Punjab and I totally reject the act which has been prepared by the people who don’t have any experience in the actual pupil-teacher interaction. What these people are making is just the degradation of our education system. Starting from 10+2+3 system the whole education system has been made to rot by the so called leaders of the country

  15. Goodpal says:

    Thanks Gurbakhshish Singh, for sharing.

    I am absolutely in 100 percent agreement with you. You described the rotting standard of education in schools which is a shameful reality. In reality, the RTE is merely right to schooling, not education.

    Let me describe my experience with the status of private college education:

    I happen to be in a private college in UP’s Bijnor area for some time, impressed the ultra-high talk of morality, ethics and uplifting the rural kids through education by the management. I thought my academic and research experience of universities abroad will come handy and will prove useful both for the faculty and students. But as days passed, all the impressive words I had been hearing proved to absolutely hollow. My suggestion to allow me to undertake some practical training of the faculty and students remained unresponded despite repeated efforts. Soon I realized that I was in the company of empty talkers — who don’t know what they are talking about. Their only aim was to somehow impress people and install colorful posters on the highways to attract students. I withdrew when I discovered that it was just part of the modern education industry, and has nothing to do with education in real terms.

    Now my heart cries when I think that such engineering colleges are distributing degrees of fanciful qualifications and producing “Engineers” who can hardly perform simple experiments. What will their contribution be towards the society and the country, is anyone’s guess.

    Unfortunately, educational institutions today are mere show piece if under governments, or “shops’ run by traders if in the private hands.

    • sandhu lovely says:

      the bill provides for no detention policy,there should be some monitoring system on children’s academic and personal growth. No detension would mean the sending of children to secondary schools without having any foundation of elementary level. therefore, it would be better to hold back a child to repeat another year in the same class rather than passing him till 8th class.

  16. MD ALI JINNAH says:

    Not bad

  17. niharika gupta says:

    RTE is also failed cz of the illiteracy of gardians.I m also a primary teacher nd i found myself totaly disappointed hw to teach these rural students?The main pblm is that if a student is present on same day,he will b absent on other 4 to 3days.Then hw he can earn knowledge if he is nt regular?

  18. Goodpal says:

    Niharika, I can see your frustration. But you must realize that working in non-ideal conditions is also most challenging – anyone can teach in schools in the cities among educated people.

    Even if a student is present for just one day in a week, please it as your success – it is better than 7 absents in a week! You may also work on yourself to make your delivery more interesting. Further, rest assured that your words are absorbed by pupil in different proportions. Very often, the will recall you after when they are grown up!

    So, take it as a challenge; not as a burden, and keep going.

  19. Pingback: Overview of Important Issues in India | Issues of India | हिंद बॉक्स

  20. Aniruddha says:

    Disable children are also get the all facilities

  21. suraj says:

    i have a( 6+) daughter and wants to admitt her in delhi government school , but they are denying her by saying that she is over age so we cant admit her in 1 st class . how can this act help me out

  22. Genial Geist says:

    Till today i.e., 06-10-2016. In Arunachal Pradesh the RTE Act 2009 not so well implemented. Teacher are still taking admission fee under the age group of 6-14years. And this is not about the urban areas, m talking about the rural areas. And punishment of student, discrimination,threatening, favour system., etc is till now practiced in mostly private, govt. , and central govt. schools. I hope this is not so because that our Arunachal is backward or say illetrate. In my view its due to carelessness of the implementers. So my question is what step would you take if u were a parents of a student studying in such conditioning schools?

  23. ASHISH KAMDI says:

    Are teachers allowed for private coaching in rte? Students should get passed till 5th standard, after that exam is required.

  24. Mohammed usman khan says:

    Sir, I need help my son is read 9th std in st charms high school. In bhadravathi -577301. Shimoga district karnataka state who can I approach please guide me

  25. Mohammed usman khan says:

    Sir, I need help my son is read 9th std in st charms high school. In bhadravathi -577301. Shimoga district karnataka state who can I approach please guide me. Cell no 0 9945 949 007

  26. Rahul says:

    This is some good notes……but i hope i get to see the reference too

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