1. Give incentives for schooling
In the poor families, kids are seen as helping hands, the more the better. They help in household chores and in the farm, besides earning money from labor jobs. Their contribution is quite significant for the survival of the family as a whole. Sending them to school takes this support away from the family. Hence, in order to educate them the following steps are absolute necessity:
- Monetary support to parents for sending kids to school. For example, Rs 100 per month for each kid as long as they are enrolled in the school.
- Mid-day meal schemes. This is another wonderful idea to send kids to school and provide them nourishment too. Parents certainly love this idea, as seen from the running of Anganwadis in the state of Chhattisgarh.
- “Lack of interest” is responsible for major school drop-outs. HRD ministry’s 46th Round of the National Sample Survey (NSS) statistics of 2005 show that the drop out rate by class VIII is 51% mainly due to lack of interest. This disinterest is due to lack of stimulating environment and poor infrastructure in government schools at elementary levels. Additional factors, such as adverse teacher/student ratios and the perceived irrelevance of schooling also add to the high drop out rates.
2. Establish ownership and responsibility
Particularly in the rural and poor areas, people’s representatives – MPs, MLAs, Sarpanchs’ – should be made responsible for smooth functioning of the schools in their areas. Local relevant NGOs and other organizations may also be involved. They can provide support through the School Management Committees.
3. Focus on teacher training programs
The quality of teachers is the backbone of any teaching program. Untrained or unmotivated teachers can mar any program, no matter how ambitious it is. Creating a standard training program to train and generate quality teachers is crucial for the RTE Act to produce meaningful results.
4. Use computer and satellite technology to create awareness and interest
Create mobile units that pay visits to different schooling centers, particularly in remote areas and show relevant films to both the teachers and the students. This will help sustain interest and arouse curiosity. Even visiting once in a fortnight or month would serve the purpose.
You may Like to Read