India – the biggest democracy in the world – is going through a lot of changes and turmoil, due to forces both from within and outside. As a country, it is unparalleled in its diversity – cultural, religious, social, and economical. In fact, politically also: China might have discarded Mao long ago but India still battles to root out Maoists (called Naxalites) entrenched in its tribal belt! Despite the so-called independence in 1947 from the British rule India has not been able to shed elements of colonial style governance and thinking even now. The answer lies in the manner India got independence.
Freedom from the colonial rule on 15th August 1947 involved creation of a separate Islamic State of Pakistan for Muslims. It is the only country in the world founded on religious ground and a peculiar example of Islamic separatism. Power got transferred from the White British to the Brown British headed by Nehru in India and to Jinnah (whose lifestyle was anything but Islamic) in Pakistan. As a result, in India the traditions and culture of governance remained largely colonial. For example, it still runs a colonial style education system as if to prepare clerks for the brown colonial masters! There are still many laws created in the set up of colonial society.
Soon after independence, Nehru bungled on Kashmir when, ignoring Patel, he halted advances of Indian troops against the Pak intruders in Kashmir and went to the UN to complain about Pakistani aggression. In just two weeks of military operation, the Pak army and its tribal buddies were on the run and the Indian army was close to securing the entire J&K territory. Had Nehru remained patient for few more days, the entire J&K would have been under Indian control. He also failed to show right pragmatic understanding of International relations in 1962 when India lost vast territory to China.
His daughter, Indira, who laid the firm foundation of dynastic rule, lost another golden chance to permanently solve the Kashmir dispute when, after the Bangladesh war, India had 93000 Pak troops as prisoners-of-war and 5000 sq km of Punjab in West Pakistan under its belt. She gave away everything under the Shimla agreement in 1972 after a midnight emotional drama and verbal assurances of maverick Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. India is still paying a heavy price for her folly in Kashmir – and manipulative Bhutto paid with his life couple of years later, for the dirty power game he played with Pak military generals..
The Nehru dynasty is also squarely responsible for another serious distortion in Indian politics – Muslim appeasement politics. Rather than integrating the highly heterogeneous Indian society divided along caste, language, region and religion into one national mainstream, it created yet another fissure in Indian society – the minority-majority divide. . [‘Minoritism’ is another divisive gift from the colonial period when the White lords actively encouraged separatist mindset in the Muslim leaders.] The word ‘minority’ was a disguise for ‘Muslim’ – the very purpose it was designed for. Thus, the Nehru dynasty and the Congress party pioneered the ‘Muslim appeasement’ vote bank politics as a brilliant election winning gimmick. Minority (Muslim) centric policies were designed to placate the Muslim clergy that dictated votes of largely poor and lowly educated Muslims. It is no surprise that welfare funds never reached the targeted people and the Mullah controlled ‘Muslim vote bank’ remained where it was – in poverty and backwardness. Other politicians and parties also got attracted to this crooked election winning trick.
This cult of appeasement was perhaps at its zenith during 1970s and 1980s. It was as if the only way to rule India is to bow before the radical Muslim clergy and pamper them. Inserting the word ‘secularism’ in the Constitution in 1976 1976 [during the dark period of Emergency – a serious blight on India’s democracy] provided another cover to continue playing the appeasement politics – now hiding behind the ‘veil of secularism’. The Shah Bano case of mid 1980s glaringly exposed this divisive ideology when Indian Constitution was amended to please the maulvis who shun progressive ideas of the modern world and highly resistant to change. It also left the vast non-Muslim Indian population and the whole civil society seething in anger and disgust when they saw the Rajiv Gandhi led Congress government squandering a golden chance to bring dignity and security in the lives of Muslim women – living suppressed by extreme patriarchy and highly vulnerable to be used and abused like cattle.
Arrival of rootless Sonia at the helm of Congress party and her superficial understanding of the psyche of non-Muslim and non-Christian Indian society soon changed the ‘Muslim appeasement’ politics from ignore-Hindu mindset to anti-Hindu flavor. This is best exemplified by her sub-mediocre son and one of his mentors Digvijay Singh who appear ever ready to become nucleus for anti-Hindu or pro radical Islamic forces. Today when someone talks of secularism in India, eye brows get raised. People begin to anticipate a malign-Hindu campaign. These ‘secularists’ often also pose off as liberals and take pride in ridiculing patriotism and nationalism. Some from Congress Party’s dirty brigade, like Sandip Dixit (privileged son of ex-Delhi CM) have no shame in even deriding Indian army or its chief. This is Sonia owned Congress Party’s liberalism!!
Today, this distorted brand of so-called secularism/liberalism is the biggest threat to country’s integrity – bigger than Pak sponsored Islamic terrorism or naxal/Maoist violence. The secular-mullah nexus has badly eroded the communal harmony in free India over the decades. This comradery on India’s political landscape, however, is a delight for global anti-India forces led by Pakistan’s ISI and radical Islamists who want to turn India into a forever hotbed of jehadi violence. When Congress party’s Digvijay Singh blamed Hindu organizations for 26/11 Mumbai terror attack or when Mani Shankar Iyer talked of ousting Modi, from Islamabad, it was a clear display of the most rotten side of ‘Indian secularism’. Even Sonia labeled Modi as ‘Maut ka Saudagar’ after Gujarat riots, but goes into the typical ‘secular silence’ over acts of Islamic terrorists. Her son (and future lord of Congress party) hallucinates that Hindu Organizations are the biggest security threat to India – on their own ancient land!! ! Like his mother, his foreign mind also doesn’t register the jehadi terrorism that is tormenting the whole world!
India is an ancient country with very deep cultural and spiritual roots, which certainly influence not just Hindus and followers of other ‘dharma’ based Indian philosophies, but also Muslims and Christians who follow ‘religious’ faiths originated in distant lands. If Indian Muslims have largely remained peaceful and largely kept away from glamor of global terror groups like the ISIS or Al Qaeda in the recent past, it reflects the influence of peace loving and accommodative Hindus surrounding them. Further, since Indian Muslims are ex-Hindus forced to convert for survival, their DNA still has Hindu traits of peace and tolerance! In fact, they should learn to take inspiration from the Dharma based scriptures of their ancient Hindu ancestors; it would help them erase their faith based discriminative mindset against Hindus. The day when they wake up to this reality all communal clashes in India would disappear forever!
The difference between ‘dharma’ which is the foundation of all India born life philosophies and ‘religion’ which is a foreign concept, is profound. Dharma concentrates on good ethical conduct and encourages rational inquiry with an open mind. It is all about pious and responsible behavior regardless of people’s beliefs and customs. On the contrary, religion (faith) is a very narrow construct and mere blind-belief in some man created fictional god-philosophy. It is no more than a socio-political ideology revolving around certain fixed beliefs, costumes and rituals.
The danger of following religion without using the rational mind is aptly presented by today’s radical Islamic terrorism – in religious intoxication, the jihadis pose serious threat to both humans and humanity. Unfortunately India equated ‘dharma’ which is universal with narrow ‘religion’ by way of a faulty translation. This has badly devalued their profound science of life that transcends boundaries of all beliefs, ideologies, nationalities and geography. However, there appears to be some awakening among Hindus now – it’s good for India.
India cannot be understood or run properly without sufficient understanding of its long ancient spiritual past. You can understand the US, for instance, by restricting to past 100-300 years, but not India. Current Congress Party rulers Sonia and her son have perhaps never peeped into India before 1970s and passport is the only proof of their Indian-ness! Therefore, native Indians shiver in fear whenever the mother-son duo speaks on issues of deeper national significance.
The 2014 Lok Sabha election created history. It should be seen as a badly needed course correction for the country. For the first time, a non-Congress Party got absolute majority. The Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) got the opportunity to rule the Union government – headed by dynamic, hardworking and charismatic Narendra Modi. Earlier Atal Bajpai had ruled at the Center, but it was a coalition government. The BJP is the only party that openly speaks against the ‘Muslim appeasement’ vote-bank politics’ and actually sees all Indians as One People. It does not want to see Indians through the caste and religion lenses.
The election results gave a severe jolt to the Congress and its allies, exposed their crookedness in broad day light and marked defeat of their dangerous anti-Hindu ‘secularism’. The 85% Hindus had a sigh of relief because they were tired of being ignored, maligned and side tracked by the maulvi centric appeasement politics for all these decades. Even ordinary and poor Muslims were tired of being used like pawns for votes only to be dumped later. Post 2014, the most perplexed class is that of radical maulvis who had been giving ‘certificates of secularism’ and enjoying undue political influence. They are also confused why communal clashes are not happening in the BJP rule.
This is a big worry for the divisive politics of Congress and other parties now sitting in opposition. Beyond Congress, perhaps the biggest Muslim appeasement politicians are Mamta Begum and her Trinmul Congress of West Bengal and Mulayam Singh and his Samajwadi Party. If Mayawati is the worst parochial caste politician nurturing the dalit vote-bank, fodder scam convict Laloo Yadav is easily the master of both caste and religion politics. Their divisive politics has badly weakened the national social fabric and prevented creation of a unique common national identity for all Indians.
It is in the best interest of all progressive Muslims to stay away from the ‘secular’ crooks who have fooled them all these decades by sowing seeds of suspicion against Hindus. It is time to come out of the ghettoes created by the nexus of obscurantist mullahs and appeasement politicians and join the national mainstream. They should also boycott extremist mullahs who want them to live like Arab tribes of 7th century in modern India of 21st century, in the name of Sharia Law.
Modi government’s stand on ‘triple talaq’ and the Supreme Court banning it on August 22, 2017 has endeared 9 crore Muslim women of India. They can’t forget that the maulvi controlled Congressi vote-bank politicians had betrayed them after the Shah Bano verdict in 1985. Although it is just a small step towards rationality and gender justice in the Muslim community, Muslim clergy should now prepare to embrace modern progressive ideas and loosen their rigid patriarchal hold on women and allow them freedom and dignity as human beings. Muslim women activists should now go for an explicit legal ban on Halala marriages and polygamy that promote sexual exploitation of poor and helpless Muslim women – again in the name of Sharia and Islam. They must finally prepare the way for adoption of the uniform civil code which is vehemently opposed by the fundamentalist maulvis and Imams.
After all these decades of Congress Rule, today India is globally recognized for three things: high poverty, high population, and high corruption. India is home to about one-third of world’s extreme poor, is set to become the most populous country by around 2022 beating China, and is counted among the most corrupt countries in the world where opening and doing business is a mountainous task. Doing business honestly in India is, in fact, as tough as winning an Olympic medal, may be even harder! Since 2014, however, things are changing with arrival of the BJP government at the Center.
When people see wonderful economic growth of the past decade alongside widespread poverty, they wonder: Why India has Twin Personality.
Issues covered on this long page are designed to provide in-depth understanding that often needs trips to the past to put things in perspective.
Contents on this page include:
1. Truth of Independence and Legacy of Partition
2. Dangers of Global Islamic Terrorism
3. India Ends Triple Talaq
4. A Terrible Mistake: Equating “Dharma” with “Religion”
5. The Unfinished Agenda of National Integration
6. Why Tribals and Naxal Issues Suddenly Became Important
7. Poverty in India
8. Population Stabilization
9. Governance Reforms
10. Right to Education
11. Economic Reforms and Liberalization
12. Economic Growth vs Development
13. Global Warming
14. Renewable Energy – Solar Energy
15. Significant Political Developments
1. TRUTH OF INDEPENDENCE AND LEGACY OF PARTITION
The Truth of India’s Independence
An important question: What made the British decide that it’s time to pack their baggage and leave India in 1947? This is a particularly pertinent question because Gandhi’s ‘Quit India Movement’ of 1942 had already tapered off and there wasn’t really any compelling situation that would necessitate a hasty departure. Here is the truth:
A war weary Britain had to consider two new realities that had emerged when the WW-2 ended, which shaped its decision to quit India.
One: The war with Hitler had completely destroyed the economies of the so-called allied nations and they were no longer able to finance their military presence in their subject colonies. So, despite the Congress Party taking full credit for India’s independence, Britain would have quit India purely for financial reasons anyway. In fact, it had to also bow out of its other colonies for the same reason. Thus, it withdrew not only from India but relinquished its entire colonial portfolio: It left Jordan in 1946, Palestine in 1947, Sri Lanka in 1948, Myanmar in 1948, Egypt in 1952 and Malaysia in 1957.
Following similar reasoning another colonial master, France, also had to get out of Laos in 1949 and Cambodia in 1953; it left Vietnam in 1954. Netherlands came out of its colonies called the Dutch East Indies, and Indonesia was born in 1949. Without Hitler and his war, it would have taken several more decades for India and other slave colonies to see the light of freedom.
In fact, Britain was in such a bad shape that after the war, under the Marshall Plan for restoration of war torn nations, it was given around one-fourth of the total package to rebuild itself.
Two: The weakened British had to also consider the fact that the military activities of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose had badly eroded loyalties of Indian sepoys (low-ranking Indian soldiers) and navy personnel. When Japan surrendered, the British charged 20,000 soldiers of Bose’s Indian National Army (INA) with treason, towards the end of war at Delhi’s Red Fort. However, the strong reaction in the masses across the country had the British rethink what they were doing. The 1946 rebellion in the Royal Indian Navy sent another ominous signal to the colonial power. Since racial discrimination was rampant in the Royal Indian Navy, it was always a potential trigger for rebellion.
Hence, Britain was concerned that if the mutiny spread into the army and police, there would be large scale killing of Englishmen all over India. Hence, it decided to quit India at the earliest opportunity. Without loyal sepoys, it would be quite impossible for the British to rule in India and it would be politically and financially not prudent to call for enough Englishmen from Britain to quell activities of nationalists in India.
(It is worth highlighting that in 1857 Englishmen were able to suppress the Indian uprising (which can be easily called India’s First War of Independence) mainly due to the support of the Sikhs of Punjab and Pathans of the North-West Frontier Province. They helped the British recapture Delhi. The Sikh princes backed the British by providing 16,000 soldiers and support. Had they not supported the British at that time, it was quite likely that uprising would have spread to the large princely states of Hyderabad, Mysore, Travancore, and Kashmir, as well as in the smaller ones of Rajputana. Such a potential scenario would have made British presence in India untenable and it could have thought of exiting India in 1857 itself!)
Therefore, a good part of credit goes to Netaji and his INA. Their actions certainly hastened departure of the White lords from India. Self serving Congress Party leaders never openly acknowledged the contributions of Netaji towards India’s freedom. On the contrary, many believe that they handed over Netaji to the Russians who tried and executed him in secrecy. The much talked about Gandhi’s non-violent movement played only a minimal role in shaping the British decision to quit India, if the then British prime minister Clement Atlee is to be believed.
But, as is always the case: the winners write history! The Congress party had that privilege. Later it fell into pathological sycophancy and started to glorify only the Nehru-Indira dynasty; the process is still going on. Today, Sonia is ‘Her Royal Highness’ and Rahul is ‘His Royal Highness’ for congress men, outsmarting each other in display of servility and sycophancy! For Congress men, Sonia family would forever remain the ‘First Family’ of the nation! If you want to find out how submissive minded Indians must have behaved with the White British in the colonial era, just look at how the Congress Party workers bow before Sonia and her kids!
The Legacy of Partition
Partitioning India on religious ground was a nasty idea of colonial British who purposefully gave undue importance to separatist minded elements of the Muslim League who wanted a separate country in the name of Islam. [Such a separatist tendency in the Muslim community is as old as Islam itself. Many thinkers wonder why they tend to avoid living among people of other faiths and call it a ghetto mindset.] It was also designed to sow the seeds of long term future confrontation on the Indian sub-Continent after they departed. Leaving intact a giant nation would not be in the interest of their future global political interests. The colonial looters would have been happier creating more fragments but could not find other separatist leaders outside the Muslim community. For example, Christian missionaries had not converted sizable number of Hindus into Christianity so they could not create another separate ‘Christianland’ for them.
Aligarh Muslim University (AMU) provided the fertile ground for nurturing the Islamic separatism. Its role in breaking the country has been widely acknowledged by the likes of Jinnah, Liyakat Khan and Agha Khan. Trying to grab things ‘…in the name of Islam’ is a peculiar Muslim tendency: Pakistanis often gloat claiming that they ‘snatched’ territory from India ‘…in the name of Islam’. Thus, Mohammad Ali Jinnah whose liquor guzzling Westernized lifestyle was anything but Islamic, and his power hungry buddies grabbed Indian Territory to create Islamic Pakistan. Greed for more territory ‘…in the name of Islam’ led the just born Pakistan to venture into Kashmir and Baluchistan. People of these two regions are still the biggest victims of Islamic violence even after 7 decades of India’s partition. . If Pakistani rulers see ‘Hindu India’ as its eternal enemy, it is firmly rooted in their Islamic thinking.
Partition fueled the communal disharmony, leading to massive blood-bath and mass migration of Hindus and Muslims from both sides. It gave wounds to lakhs of people that would take generations to heal. Wise people rightly say: Religious fanaticism is deadlier than the epidemics of Cholera, Malaria or Ebola. A lot of wise and progressive Muslims consciously chose to stay in India, away from fanaticism of some of their co-religions. They now feel satisfied looking at the pathetic status of today’s Pakistan society badly infected with all types of jehadi terrorists ready to shed blood at the blink of eyes. It is a country whose expiry date is just a decade or two away. Yet, there are radicalized Muslims like Imam of Delhi’s Jama Masjid in India whose hearts beat for Pakistan. [You may want to read: Please Explain Pakistan to Me!]
If this great nation could be divided in the mid 20th century ‘…in the name of Islam’, today the risk is surely much bigger considering the spread of Wahhabism through Saudi funds and clerics during all these decades. Hindu hating mullahs like Owaisis, seen as potential separatist Jinnahs, can initiate a separatist discourse anytime as their speeches indicate. After all it is a 1400 year old habit to demand, dictate or impose things ‘…in the name of Islam’.
In fact, any ridiculous thing can be demanded ‘…in the name of Islam’. This mindset raised its head in 2015 in a strange manner when the Mumbai serial blast convict Yakub Memon was to be hanged. The radicalized mullahs along with their ‘secular’ buddies came out on roads to oppose the hanging because he was a Muslim! Some morbid ‘seculars’ even approached the SC at midnight! Such is the clout of fundamentalist Mullahs in a country where 85 percent population doesn’t practice Islam.
Surely for them, the 1993 serial bomb blasts that killed 257 innocent people and traumatized the whole city were merely a display of religious duties performed by the ‘pious’ Islamic gang of Dawood Ibrahim, who then ran away to live in Pakistan – the modern day Mecca of global Muslim criminals. The young Pak jehadi caught in Pathankot had come to India to kill Hindus. Why? Because as he said: it is ‘fun’ to kill Hindu kafirs! He must be among the most pious followers of what people see as the religion of peace.
Now the 100 crore Hindus have to decide how and when they would start to unite and take charge of their ancient land so that it is never again divided by the followers of a foreign faith.
Hindus – The Biggest Losers of India’s Partition
Commonsense demanded that if the country was being divided along religious lines, to create a separate nation for the Muslims, the other half should naturally have been a Hindu Nation. This was the natural logic and pure commonsense. But the power brokers of the Congress Party let the Hindus down. In the company of colonial rulers they continued to take the accommodative silence of Hindus for granted. They were too myopic to see the future dangers of having a Muslim community as big as Pakistan.
No doubt, the biggest losers in the Game of India’s Partition were the Hindus – divided among numerous castes and languages, although united by threads of all pervading universal Dharma principles. Had they been a monolithic bloc (like Muslims or Christians) and united, they would not have allowed their ancient land to be divided. Else they would have made the remaining India a Hindu Nation. But what they got was a supposedly religious ‘neutral’ State where the Constitution ensured representation of ‘Christians’ in the parliament (because they are privileged Christians and a reminder that Christian British ruled India!). President of India still holds special power to ensure their representation in the parliament by nominating 2 members from the community! Free India continued granting favors such the Haj subsidy to Muslims (because they are privileged Muslims and a reminder that Mughals ruled India!). Thus, free India’s so-called religion neutral governance started off already on the wrong foot, loaded against Hindus.
All through the cold war era, the left leaning intellectuals and the West controlled press created a distorted impression that Hinduism is all about backwardness, irrationality and a caste system – similar to racial slavery. At least 2-3 generations of Hindus in free India grew up believing that everything connected with their culture and tradition is substandard – and that good, civilized and progressive practices only come from abroad (West)!
Many Westerners feel surprised that at the time of partition Hindus did not demand compensation from Muslims and Christians for atrocities and social, cultural and economic damages inflicted upon them during the centuries of Mughal and British rule. They see it as a sign of irrationally high tolerance and accommodative nature of Hindu society ever ready to give up its own interests.
Start of Hindu Awakening
It is only towards late 1980s and early 1990s that Hindus started to wake up to the reality that Indian politics has firmly fallen in the hands of pro-Muslim and pro-Christian politicians – and they are simply being taken for granted for their indifference, tolerance and silence. First, the Shah Bano case in the mid 80s glaringly exposed how the Congress Party was sitting cozily in the lap of backward looking Maulavis, as part of its ‘minority appeasement’ politics. Rajiv Gandhi felt no shame in amending the Constitution to negate Supreme Court’s sensible justice to a poor Muslim lady. His regressive step emboldened the radical mullahs and fed their hallucination that their Islamic identity puts them even above the Supreme Court of the country where 85 percent people don’t practice Islam.
Then came the mass exodus and massacre of Kashmiri Hindus in 1989, perpetrated by Islamic jehadis supported by Pakistan. For the mullah controlled ‘appeasement’ politicians of the Central government it was just a continuation of centuries old ‘normal pain’ inflicted on Hindus. Then, the 1993 Mumbai serial blasts showed that the country was still in the Mughal era and Hindus can still be treated like lowly ‘subjects’.
They suddenly realized that they are politically voiceless and country’s agenda is firmly in the hands of fake-seculars and fundamentalist Muslims. But fortunately for them, the BJP emerged and Hindu organizations started raising their issues vocally and loudly. Advani’s country wide RathYatra in late 1990s had just one goal: Awaken Hindus of India. Alongside came the slogan: Garv Se Kaho, Hum Hindu Hain! It is still helping a lot of Hindus come out of their deep rooted inferiority complex, coming from the endless onslaught on their culture and beliefs since so many past centuries. Pro Islamic elements disguised as seculars and left leaning pseudo-intellectuals whose loyalty lies outside Indian boundaries represent the modern day equivalent of colonizers with the same anti-Hindu agenda.
You may like to see some eye opening statistics from Indian Express – so many Moghul names still prevalent in Hindu dominated India. Can they ever be symbol of pride for current Hindus whose ancestors somehow managed to survive the onslaught of conversion?
The endless Pak sponsored Islamic violence in Kashmir, Godhra train burning, terror attack on Indian Parliament, Kargil attack, the 26/11 Mumbai terror attack and other violent events connected with Islamic jehad started to convince more and more Hindus both in India and abroad that they need to get united and organized. Hindu organizations started getting more pro-active and vocal. They have started to unite around the Hindutva agenda – that is more secular than Western secularism. It treats all Indians equally and aims to build a strong India around the theme ‘unity in diversity’. Hindutva also highlights the fact that basically all faiths ultimately points to the same ultimate Truth and thus, religion based politics and violence is meaningless.
Modi’s victory and elevation to PM in 2014 was a big blow for the appeasement politicians, particularly because they have been painting him as an extreme Hindu devil since 2002. Today in 2017, they are a worried lot because their brand of divisive politics has fallen flat in the face of Modi’s One India one People approach to governance that also strongly disapproves corruption and inefficiencies.
Even Indian media is undergoing change. Many noted TV anchors and journalists have already seen through the deceptive designs of pro-Muslim politics in the name of secularism. However, hardcore ‘liberal’ journos like Rajdeep Sardesai and his ilk are still nostalgic about the ‘golden period’ before 2014 where Hindus did not matter except to blame for communal riots, radical mullahs awarded certificates of secularism, and politics revolved around covering up corruptions of the Congress’ royal family and ministers.
1a) THE KASHMIR DISPUTE
After separating from India, the liqour guzzling Jinnah started behaving as if the newly born Pakistan has a natural right on everything that is Islamic! Pakistan’s obsession with this ‘Islamic logic’ has not weakened a bit even after seven decades. On the contrary, it turned into a kind of religious mania, particularly after losing half the country in 1971 in the most humiliating way and Wahhabization of the society by Military dictator Zia ul Haq in the 1980s. (Result: Pakistan is the global capital of Islamic terrorism and waiting to be fragmented by its own jehadi kids.)
Historical perspective: When the British left after 190 years of plunder and loot, India was a conglomeration of 561 tiny princely estates rule by Rajas, Nizams and Nawabs – they were both Hindu and Muslim rulers. Their prime task was to collect taxes from the public on behalf of the colonial rulers. They had the option of joining either side or stay sovereign. Ideally, they would all want to stay sovereign but political reality demanded that they choose between the two sides.
Kashmir was also one such Princely State ruled by Raja Hari Singh who wanted to stay sovereign and did not join either side. Pakistan was hoping that it would come its way but Hari Singh did not make any move. In frustration and impatience, Pak troops along with some armed tribes invaded Kashmir and reached ominously close to Srinagar. Seeing no option, Hari Singh requested help from New Delhi. Military help was agreed on the condition that Kashmir would accede to India. Hari Singh signed the Accession Treaty and Indian troops were dispatched immediately. In just two weeks of operation, invaders were on the run and India was in control of two-third Kashmir.
Then strangely, against Patel’s advice, Nehru halted further advances of Indian troops and went to the UN to complain about Pakistan’s errand behavior. This made Kashmir an international issue, allowing Pakistan to become a party still holding around one-third of Kashmir’s territory. Thus, the LoC got created. A big mistake, in the hindsight! And, clearly a very bad politics and absolute lack of understanding of how political Islam works..
If Kashmir is still not fully integrated with rest of India even after 70 years, Congress Party’s directionless, indecisive and visionless governance should get all the blame. It even squandered the golden chance to get the entire Kashmir when after the 1971 Bangladesh 93,000 Pak troops were prisoners of India and around 5000 sq km of West Pakistan was under Indian control. However, the then PM Indira fell for Bhutto’s emotional gimmicks and verbal assurances in a midnight drama and signed the Shimla Agreement in a midnight drama.
Currently, India controls 45 percent of original J&K area, 35 percent is under Pak control and 20 percent is with China. China grabbed about 35,000 sq km in Aksai Chin in the 1962 war and got another 5,000 sq km area in Baltistan from Pakistan under a 1963 treaty.
Indian Kashmir has three regions: Kashmir Valley, Jammu, and Ladakh. The Kashmir Valley now is mainly Muslim after Hindu Pandits were driven away. Jammu is Hindu dominated and Ladakh is largely Buddhist. Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK) has a Muslim majority. The bone of contention is just the 100 mile long Kashmir Valley, which is only about 9 percent of the original J&K territory.
It helps to remind that over the centuries, a unique Sufi-Rishi culture evolved in Kashmir. Under the influence of Hindus’ universal ‘dharma’ which sees ‘humanity as One’, Kashmiri Muslims started practicing Sufism (a gentle form of Islam, which profound Islamic scholars see as the true ‘essence’ of Islam). Sufi saints don’t distinguish or discriminate against people of different faiths and see ‘humanity as One’ – as Hindus do. They were revered by both Hindus and Muslims and their Shrines became symbols of Hindu-Muslim unity. These Shrines were among the first prime targets for destruction in the Valley to destroy inter-faith unity – the very essence of ‘Kashmiriyat’. No wonder, Kashmir was the only place where no communal violence took place during the partition of India.
1b) PAK SPONSORED ISLAMIC TERROR DRIVES OUT HINDUS
After seeing the defeat of former USSR in 1989 by Afghan Mujahideens (propped up jointly by the Americans and Pakistanis), Pak military dictator General Zia started the same kind of low-cost war of attrition in Kashmir by diverting trained Islamic terrorists into the Valley to ‘bleed’ India. Why bleed India? Because after losing East Pakistan and humiliaating defeat in the 1971 war, Pakistani generals had been reeling under deep sense of humiliation – a severe jolt to their Islamic pride. By the way, Islam was and is the only reason behind Pakistan’s existence!
Pak agenda is clear: If it can’t get Kashmir in the name of Islam, it must destroy Kashmir in the name of Islam! So it wants to cause as much violence and destruction in Kashmir as possible using its home grown Jehadis – exploiting the Islamic connections across border. It doesn’t matter who dies in Kashmir – Hindus or Muslims – the purpose is to create fear and terror. Pakistan no longer practices ‘normal’ Islam – the “Religion of Peace”. It is now a hardcore Wahhabi nation that can’t live without conflict with its neighbors.
Realizing that Pak can never defeat India in direct war, (using the Wahhabi thinking) it decided to Islamize Kashmir issue by inciting jehadi violence in Kashmir at the hands of militant outfit JKLF. In the early 1990s, jehadis started killing Hindus in the Kashmir Valley, causing them to flee. Practically all Hindu Pandits (estimated at around 4.5 lakh) were forced to leave – it was ethnic cleansing through Islamic terror. No Hindus live there now. It is reminiscent of the Mughal period that Indian secularists love to glorify.
In the ‘secular’ doctrine of Congress Party, Hindus and their well being have no significance in India. It abhors the ‘saffron’ color for the same reason. No surprise if it never played minority appeasement politics in Kashmir; why bother about petty Hindus.
By 1995, Indian army crushed the JKLF and Kashmiris had become fed up with Pak sponsored jehadi violence. Pakistan then changed its tactics and started pushing Afghan jihadis trained in Afghanistan’s into the Valley. Pak army routinely provided cover-fire to help jehadis sneak across the LoC.
However, arrival of Modi government in 2014 has brought an important change in the manner India responds to cross border infiltration and terrorism. It has given free hand to the Indian army to chase and eliminate Jehadis and ‘raised the price’ for Pakistan for each cease fire violation. The surgical strike across the LoC in September 2016 presented an entirely new dimension. In 2017 until October, Indian forces have killed over 180 jehadis including their dreaded commanders – highlighting India’s determination to erase all jehadi violence from its soil. India plans to install high tech fencing and state-of-the-art surveillance system coupled with automatic response system along the entire LoC by March 2018. It would present nearly un-surmountable challenge before Pak jehadis still dreaming to die on Indian soil to meet their Allah.
Mention of Pakistan as terrorists’ safe haven in the BRICS document, the US openly demanding action against jehadis, and the UK freezing Dawood Ibrahim’s assets are important signals that Pakistan would no longer be able to continue to harbor Islamic terrorists as openly as it has been so far. It also speaks for success of Modi’s anti-terror policy.
You may explore details of the Kashmir issue and how Pakistan has been trying hard to Islamize and internationalize the issue, on this page:
1c) PAKISTAN GRABBED BALOCHISTAN IN 1948
Although Balochistan has no direct land connection with India, but people should know how Pakistani leaders’ political mind exploits the name of Islam for politics.
Just like Pakistan tried grabbing Kashmir in 1947 through direct invasion, it sent troops to Balochistan in April 1948. While it champions plebiscite in Kashmir, it had no shame violating Baloch people’s desire who clearly did not want to become part of Pakistan, in the name of Islam. Since 1948, Pakistan has colonized Balochistan and doing everything a colonizer does – plundering natural resources and oppressing people.
If the Baloch people are happy and free, as Islamabad claims, why huge build up of Pakistani troops there? Are Baloch people some inferior kind of Muslims compared with the elites of Pak Punjab? You may like to explore”
1d) INDIA’S “HEADACHE” CALLED PAKISTAN
What is Pakistan? It is nothing but India without Hindus. Period. It is culmination of the dream of Mughal rule – India as a 100 percent Islamic State. However, at the age of 70 it is still stuck in juvenile flickering, jumping form one wrong to another or trying to sell two wrongs as one right!
Partition of British India was not just the creation of Pakistan ‘…in the name of Islam’; it was birth of a chronic migraine – a nasty incurable Islamic virus that would hurt India as long as it lives. For fanatic Pakistanis, it was snatching land from Hindu India ‘…in the name of Islam’ ! But unfortunately, their ‘Islamic Superiority’ was badly bruised by the 1971 Bangladesh war. Borrowing their own logic, we can say that East Pakistanis snatched land from their own Islamic elites governing them from the West Pakistan!
The religious fanaticism that created Pakistan ‘…in the name of Islam’, failed to keep the country intact beyond 1971. It also pointed to incompatibility of political Islam and democracy. A nationwide general election was held in December 1970 that gave winning majority to the East Pakistan based Awami League Party of Shaikh Muzibur Rahman. But rather than handing over power to Muzib, the politically powerful West Pakistani leaders arrested him. It led to mass scale agitation in the East Pakistan. The ruling elites sitting in West Pakistan sent army to suppress it.!
What ensued was wide spread genocide and rape resulting in mass exodus of Bengali Muslims. It inundated India with millions of East Pakistani refugees. When their number crossed well over one crore, India was forced to intervene and supported the Mukti Bahini of Bengali Muslims that was offering resistance to the ‘highly fierce’ Islamic Pak army. In just two weeks of fight, head of the Pakistani Eastern Command, Lt. General Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi, surrendered along with the entire 93,000 Pak troops – and a new nation Bangladesh was born. The slaughter of three million East Pakistanis by the ‘highly fierce’ Islamic Pak army is among the worst genocide after WW-2. . It also speaks for professionalism of Pak military.
Later, General Niazi wrote a book titled The Betrayal of East Pakistan, where he disclosed:
“On the night of March 25-26, 1971, General Tikka Khan [of the Pakistani Eastern Command] turned the peaceful night into a time of wailing, crying and burning…. The military action was a display of stark cruelty, more merciless than the massacres at Bukhara and Baghdad by Changez Khan and Halaku Khan, or at Jallianwala Bagh by the British General Dyer.”
And, what about the great champion of freedom and democracy and self appointed ‘Global Cop’, The United States of America?
The U.S. administration stood firmly behind the West Pakistani dictator throughout the bloodshed. It even threatened India by rushing its Seventh Fleet to Indian shores. But the ‘highly fierce’ Islamic army of the West Pakistan collapsed on the Eastern front in just two weeks of fight, before the American Seventh Fleet could even enter the Bay of Bengal! Some classified documents suggested that the US National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger even encouraged China to invade India in order to ease pressure on Pakistan.
The US ambassador in India, reported to Washington that he was “deeply shocked at the massacre” and was “greatly concerned at the United States’ vulnerability to damaging association with a reign of military terror.” However, the US President Nixon ridiculed him for having been “taken over by the Indians.”
After the 1971 war, reign of the left-over Pakistan went to Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, who was then ousted by General Zia ul-Haq in 1977. Two year later in April 1979, after a sham trial, Bhutto was hung by the Zia government. You can see a lot of similarity with how power generally changed hands during the Islamic Mughal era. Political Islam has always worked in the similar way during past 14 centuries.
No wonder, military rule comes so natural in Pakistan. It defies all rational logic why Pakistan wants to appear democratic, often holds elections and elects civilian government, which then has to obey dictates of the military, not people electing it! It is totally unnecessary and waste of dollar aid received from the US and Yuans from the Chinese, besides being totally against the deeply cherished Islamic Sharia Law!
The loss of territory in 1971 badly hurt Pakistan’s Islamic pride. Therefore, it started to move away from the ‘normal’ Islam and closer towards Saudi’s Wahhabism to sustain its hateful “bleed India” mission. Kashmir provides a golden chance to vent out its divine hatred of Hindus and their Hindustan. It is a regular display of wonderful Islamic comradery when at the LoC, Pak army provides fire-cover so that the Jehadi brothers can cross over to Indian side and perform their religious duty by killing innocent people and spreading terror. Indian soil also offers them the great opportunity to blow themselves and instantly reach ‘Jannat’ to meet 72 waiting virgins!
Consequently, promoting Jihadi violence in Kashmir for the purpose of internationalizing it as religious oppression of Muslims by Hindu India has become the single point agenda of its foreign policy. Needless to say, anything is possible ‘…in the name of Islam’!
1e) PAKISTAN BECOMES WAHHABISTAN AND A GLOBAL TERROR HUB !
In the 1980s, Russian occupation of Afghanistan offered the opportunity to try religious fanaticism against the communists. Thus, the US-Pak joint experiment began with setting up of training camps to produce Islamic Jehadi fighters who would wage Holy War against the Soviet army. The idea was to constantly hurt and “bleed” the Russians and make their lives “hell” in Afghanistan. In other words, make Afghanistan their Vietnam! Thus, Al Qaeda, Taliban and other Jehadi groups were born. Russians left in 1989. The US and Pak felt elated at their brilliant “Islamic” success against the communists.
After the Soviets left Afghanistan, the US wanted to dismantle the training camps it had founded to train Afghan mujahideen. However, the Pakistan government had no control over these training camps, as they were run by the ISI, which was outside its control. The ISI earned billions of dollars each year in drug deals and was financially independent.
Pak military dictator General Jia Ul Haq, a protégé of the Muslim Brotherhood, saw the victory of Afghan holy war against the Soviets and decided to develop a concept of holy war for the armed forces. Being always at odds with the democratic forces and for his own survival, Zia created an anti-democratic class of officers by indoctrinating them with tenets of radical Islam (on the line of policies of the Muslim Brotherhood). The tenets of Saudi Arabia’s Wahhabism, which is utterly authoritarian and devoid of slightest tolerance, became his ideals. Thus, he not only promoted the concept of the ‘holy role’ in the armed forces, but also spread fundamentalism in the Pak society as the ‘normal’ Islamic way of thinking.
The ISI used the terrorist training camps in Afghanistan to train their own covert operatives to be sent to India. It also started diverting the “out of job” trained Jehadis to Kashmir to “hurt and bleed India”. Indian army was deployed in the Valley with extra powers. Cross border infiltration kept the Kashmir Valley “boiling” for almost the whole 1990s – it must have been the golden period of “Islamic jehad” in South Asia and the most satisfying dream-come-true for Wahhabi Pakistanis (Insha Allah!!)!
It is also worth noting that in the mid 1990s, it was the Pak army that helped Taliban take control of Afghanistan.
Spread of Gun Culture
If Pak-Afghan societies became so violent after the Soviet departure, full blame goes to the US arms that flooded the whole region. The Afghan cities became battlegrounds for gang wars. Poor Afghans sold the weaponry – such as rapid-fire rifles, AK-47s, grenades, landmines, rockets and rocket-propelled grenades etc – to the indigenous, independent tribals living along the Afghan-Pakistan border.
As a result, according to an ex Pak army officer, “Pakistan developed a sort of Kalashnikov culture and weapons became a power symbol for politicians and others”. Even in the capital, Islamabad, it has become common for businessmen, political leaders, and bureaucrats to have a pistol or rifle handy. Sectarian groups possess a wide range of modern sophisticated weaponry. In rural Sindh province, bandits with light machine guns rob and kill people at random. Tribals of the Northwest Frontier and Baluchistan provinces got immersed in weaponry. The town of Darra Adam khel in western Pakistan is perhaps the largest gun market in the world, with over 2,600 arms shops and five gun factories.
The chief of a dominant tribe along Pak-Afghan border has said: “The Americans are to blame for all these weapons of terror. We used to have single shot rifles. Now we have automatic weapons and thousands of people have died in the tribal areas as a result. In this province we can get everything except the atomic bomb.”
The U.S. made no attempt to collect these weapons and so both Afghanistan and Pakistan remained deluged with them. Moral: When you give gun to people, why blame them for violence!
Impact of the 9/11 Attack
However, Pak honeymoon with Islamic extremism was badly jolted by the 11 September 2001 attack in the US. During the last 10-15 years, Jehadi factories have been churning out terrorists as a matter of routine. Now the US wanted Pak to shut them. Arrival of US troops in Afghanistan searching for Osama Bin Laden made life difficult for the Pak government. It was forced to act against its own Jehadi children to please the US, while its civilian population went hysterically anti-American.
Pakistan extracted money from the Americans on the pretext of fighting terrorists but used it to fuel its proxy war against India. Within a decade of NATO’s war on terror Pakistan established itself as world’s terrorist Capital; it lost all its international credibility when Americans killed Osama Bin Laden on its own soil apparently without its knowledge! Even today, the perpetrators of 1993 Mumbai serial blasts and the November 26, 2008 Mumbai terror attacks live safely under the protection of Pak ISI.
After the December 2014 Taliban attack on school children in Peshawar which killed over 140 children of Pak army men, it was hoped that Pakistan would wake up and wipe out all terror groups from its soil. But given the intimate nexus of Pak army, the ISI and terrorists, it is simply a Mission Impossible!
Given the fact that Pakistan is now badly infected with Islamic fundamentalists and extremists, the global community is highly apprehensive about its nukes falling in the hands of some terror outfit. Those who know Pakistan better, compare it with a Jehadi wearing a suicide jacket with a ticking timer but doesn’t know when it would explode!
Pakistan is a perfect example of what happens when a State is run on the silly principle: “I exist only to hurt others; not to make myself better.”
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1f) EXCHANGE OF ENCLAVES BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH
15 August 1947 brought independence to all Indians and Pakistanis except those living the 162 enclaves along India-East Pakistan (Bangladesh) border. These 51,000 enclave dwellers got real freedom on August 1, 2015. Due to their peculiar geography the enclaves on both sides had remained badly underdeveloped and the ‘stateless’ existence had left people living there with severe hardships. Located inside another country the enclaves badly lacked basic facilities like sanitation, electricity supply, schools and hospitals.
The feelings of enclave dwellers can be succinctly summarized by this quote of late President APJ Abdul Kalam – “A dream is not what you see when you sleep. A dream is what keeps you awake!”
At the stroke of midnight connecting July 31 and Aug 1 of 2015, 111 Bangladesh Enclaves inside India and 51 Indian Enclaves inside Bangladesh got officially exchanged. It ended the 68 year agony of 37,369 Indian enclave dwellers inside Bangladesh and 14, 856 Bangladeshi enclave dwellers in India. All Indian enclaves were in Cooch Behar district of WB. While no one from the Bangladeshi enclaves (now part of India) chose to cross over, most from the Indian enclaves (now part of Bangladesh) decided to leave their ancestral land and shift to Indian Territory.
Enclaves existed across the Bangladesh-Indian border in the 4 states: West Bengal, Tripura, Assam and Meghalaya. India exchanged 17,160 acres of land for 7,110 acres from Bangladesh. In fact, there were not just enclaves but counter-enclaves inside enclaves and also counter-counter-enclaves – world’s only third-order enclaves!
The problem surfaced after the Rangapur district merged with East Pakistan in 1947 and the Cooch Behar district remained independent before merging with India in 1949. It was the beginning of identity crisis for the enclave dwellers.
Efforts were made in 1958 by India and Pakistan to ‘de-enclave’ but nothing materialized. However, after the birth of Bangladesh a ‘land boundary agreement’ was signed between the two countries in 1974. But the pact could not be implemented because it involved swap of land and population which needed amendment to Indian Constitution.
This hurdle was finally removed when both houses of Parliament approved the 119th amendment to the Constitution. The entire process of physical exchange will be completed by June 30, 2016.
Peaceful resolution of such a complex boundary issue between two neighbors and the bigger neighbor giving up some of its land set a unique example before the world. It also sent a signal to both Pakistan and China that boundary issues can be resolved peacefully given the honest will.
2. DANGERS OF GLOBAL ISLAMIC TERRORISM
World’s Most Dangerous Ideologies
Hundred years ago, it was Fascism that first emerged in Italy and then in Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan. It cost humanity a world war and 50 million dead bodies to root it out. Then communism emerged as another authoritarian phenomenon. It spread across a much bigger territory on the earth, covering the Soviet Union and Mao’s China and their subject states. When the Soviet Union fell apart in 1990, this totalitarian ideology had already transported around 100 million people to heavenly abode. Mao’s China also had to dilute its communist credentials by embracing capitalism, albeit a state driven capitalistic economy. However, it still has a one-party dictatorial rule.
Fall of communism gave birth to Islamic terrorism. Over the past three decades it has grown into a global monster. Variously called radical Islam, Islamism, Islamic radicalism, Islamo-fascism, Islamic jihadism, or violent Islamic extremism this totalitarian ideology is very different from the religion of Islam as the world knows it. This ideology encompasses a political belief system and its adherents want to rule people – whether as a village, city, a region or an entire ‘caliphate.’ And to achieve their goal, they can use violence in any form – sanctioned by their imagined God whom they call Allah.
This dangerous ideology of jihadi terrorism has spread around the world wherever there is sizeable Muslim population. It is also inherently expansionist and more brutal because it draws inspiration from the uncivilized 7th century Arab tribal society. Just as the die-hard ideologues of fascism and communism wanted to rule the whole world, today the fanatic Islamists have the same aspiration.
This ideology of radical Islam completely reject all progressive modern ideas – free speech, free enterprise, freedom to think, equality of men and women, separation of religion from government, basic human and civil rights of citizens. Instead, it aims to establish totalitarian Islamic Caliphates that so that people of the 21st century can live like the primitive tribals of 7th century Arab desert governed by Sharia. [Sharia is a set of Islamic rules evolved 1400 years ago from the Prophet’s deeds or words to bring civility in the pre-Islamic barbaric tribal society]. Clearly, they are afraid to progress beyond the flimsy civility brought by Islam in the primeval Arab tribes.
Their primary weapon is terror. Their signature terror tactics are sending suicide bombers into crowded places, raping women and girls of other faiths, exploding bombs at funerals, targeting metro rail stations, throwing acid on girls going to school, carrying out serial bomb blasts in cities, flying hijacked airplanes into buildings, trampling pedestrians with trucks or vans. They are absolutely convinced that their god (whom they call Allah) loves violence and would reward them if they die killing humanity.
The global brand ambassadors of Islamic terrorism are the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), Al Qaeda, Taliban, Laskar e Toiba, Jaish e Mohhamad, Hizbul Mijahideen, Hezbollah, Boko Haram, Al-Shabaab and dozens of their photocopies; all aiming to Islamize the whole world. The Islamic State of Pakistan has emerged as the global capital of terrorism – most terror groups operate from here under an ideologically sympathetic state. Quite likely the next ruler of Pakistan would be some most wanted global terrorist like Hafiz Saeed.
The Comedy of ‘Terrorism Has No Religion’
Like climate change and global warming, current terrorism is also 100 percent manmade (rather Muslim made!). If climate change and global warming are purely secular natural phenomena, terrorism is purely religious. Yet until recently, after each terror attack world leaders used to reiterate (almost comically!) that ‘terrorism has no religion’. People always wondered why their leaders didn’t call a spade a spade. Ironically, even a 5 year old kid could tell that all global jihadi terror groups follow just one religion – Islam.
However, the US President Donald Trump hit the nail and used the phrase ‘radical Islamic terrorism’. Jihadi terrorism would be another honest way to say it. When Jihadis shout – Allaho Akbar! – they are loudly declaring their religion. As Bangladeshi writer Taslima Nasreen puts it: “Religion is the only thing they have!”
The 9/11 Terror Attack
If the 9/11 attack of 2001 brought Islamic terrorism in the United States and woke up the Americans from their false slumber of invincibility, smug Europeans also soon began to realize that their supersonic fighter jets and nuclear arsenals can’t protect them from jehadi killers on their own streets. The 2005 London serial bombings in the Metro railway network killed around 60 people It sent Londoners running for cover – perhaps for the first time after the second WW. Since then the frequency of terror attacks has been increasing across Europe. In November 2015, Paris saw Mumbai (Nov 26, 2008) type serial bombings. As security systems at entry ports tighten, local lone wolves and sleeper cells are coming into action with knife attacks or trampling people in crowded areas with vans or trucks.
To make matter worse, the European leaders have to also manage the refugee influx from the Middle East that opens another entry route for jihadi hate killers. They now realize that the jehadi terrorism is a dreaded reality in their society which would not fade away any soon. Insha Alllah, Jehadis are determined to turn Europe into ‘Syria’!
Glamorization of Terrorism
In recent years, the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS or ISIL) become the global symbol of jehadi terrorism. It brought to life barbaric demeanours of the 1400 year old Arab world – executions through beheading, burning people alive, using women of other faiths as sex-slaves, training innocent kids to kill and behead and so on. Aiming to Islamize the whole world under a global Islamic Caliphate the ISIS glamorized and globalized the cult of jehadi violence and terror – exploiting the social media platforms.
If the Hollywood has been selling violence, horror and sex as fun and entertainment on theatre screen the Islamic State offered it in real life. No wonder thousands of Muslim youth across the world, even from the so-called ‘developed’ nations of the West, came attracted to Syria and Iraq to taste and experience the FUN of barbarism and sexual violence. The so-called religious jehad offered them a unique pervert living experience where every disagreement gets settled with guns – say yes to me or die. The best part was that it came packaged with religious sanctity and righteousness. For them it was fascinating to have entirely self serving interpretation of religious teachings that justified all taboo things not allowed in the civilized societies.
The IS erased the distinction between the civil-world and the under-world and between gentlemen and criminals. Its ideology of violence has spread around the world and hardened those already radicalized. The so-called ‘sleeping cells’ or ‘lone wolves’ exist in practically all countries with pockets of sizeable Muslim community. They are individuals or groups of people highly indoctrinated in the ideology of jehadi terror and are mentally ready to ‘die for Allah’ while killing. As the ISIS gets wiped out from its Middle East strongholds, the probability of lone wolves carrying out terror attacks in their home countries is greatly amplified.
The US and European leaders may not talk about Boko Haram and Al Shabab terror groups because they operate in distant Africa. However, the seizure of the Maravi town in Philippines by ISIS ideologues for several months points to the dangers of local sleeping cells.
Pakistan Emerged As Global Terror Capital
Pakistan has emerged as a unique Islamic nation in the entire world that grooms terrorists as its ‘strategic assets’ just like army and military hardware. It not only runs a proliferating jehadi manufacturing industry but actively assists them to spread terror in the neighbouring nations, most particularly India, its eternal enemy. In the US war on terror in Afghanistan it openly played a double game; overtly it joined them in their fight against terrorism but covertly provided safe sanctuary to the most wanted global terrorists like Osama bin Laden and many others.
It has created India focused terror groups like JeM and LeT for jihadi violence in Kashmir and India. Pakistan trained jehadis targeted Mumbai in 2008 and the mastermind is still roaming free on the streets of Pakistan despite being designated as most wanted global terrorist by the US! Its army routinely provides fire-cover to help jehadis sneak inside Indian borders to carry out their ‘holy’ mission of killing and dying.
What makes Islam so Different? is what people wonder whenever they see fundamentalist maulvis preaching hate or when they see picture of Jehadis wearing suicide jacket.
2a) WAHHABISM – THE IDEOLOGY OF TERRORISTS
All Islamic radicals, fundamentalists, extremists and terrorists derive their ideological inspiration and justification from distorted and out of context interpretation of the Prophet’s words and deeds. They appear mentally incapable of absorbing the ‘essence’ of Islam which is peace, brotherhood and compassion. This spirit makes Islam a religion of peace. But they are repelled by such thoughts. They merely want to ape the Prophet as if he was a mere political leader; not a saintly person. Hence, for 14 centuries they have been invading countries and terrorizing humankind into submission – in the name of Islam. This comes as a rude shock to people who always thought Islam to be nothing but a religion for spiritual growth.
Around 250 years ago, this cult was revived by Muhammad ibn Abd-al Wahhab (1703 – 1792) among the Bedouin tribes in Arab desert. His influence on the Saud tribe (one among many squabbling tribe) ultimately led to creation of Saudi Arabia in the 1930s founded on Wahhabi ideology. Obsessed for dominance in the name of Islam they can’t stand any disagreement, from Muslims and non-Muslims alike. Their only way to erase dissent is to eliminate the dissenter. They exemplify the mindset: If you follow me you are a Muslim; else you are doomed as a apostate and infidel that gives me the right to kill you.
For decades, Saudi Arabia has spent an enormous amount of resources to propagate its Wahhabi cult through mosques and madarasas around the world. As a result, more and more Muslims have become prone to radicalization around the world. Whenever Wahhabi mullahs preach they only promote intolerance, separatism, isolationism and obscurantism – thereby making their disciples unfit to live peacefully anywhere.
All Islamic terror groups display this pathological intolerant tendency, regardless of their geographical location, race or color. Thus, worldwide all Islamic terrorists speak the same language of hate, violence, terror and destruction – in the name of Allah and Islam.
It helps to trace the origin and history of ‘Jihad’ that goes back to 7th century during Mohammed’s time, against the Arab during (622-634 AD). You may also like to know how Muslim invasion of India took shape.
2b) HOW TERRORISM HAS POLARIZED THE WORLD
While trying to establish the supremacy of Islam through senseless acts of terror around the world, terrorists have decisively polarized the humanity – Muslims vs the Rest. Every act of Islamic terror strengthens the anti-Muslim sentiments in non-Muslim communities. As a result, anti-Muslim groups and political parties are emerging in most countries. Election of Donald Trump as US president from an anti-Muslim platform is a significant event and perhaps the best indicator of how global politics is shaping for the future. In Germany, for the first time an extreme right wing party (AFD) has reached the parliament since the WW2, winning 13% vote share and emerging as the third largest party. Liberal politicians like Angela Merkel get branded as traitors by the rightist elements. In other European countries too anti-Islamic groups are gaining political strength.
The anti-Islamic sentiment is increasingly jeopardizing the wellbeing and security of ordinary Muslims around the world. They are constantly looked down upon as “suspects” and untrustworthy. Airport security checks have already become quite distressing for Muslims around the world since the 9/11 attack. Racial targeting of Muslims appears to be on the rise in most nations. There is a strong undercurrent in European nations against allowing refugees from the Middle East.
Whenever indoctrinated ‘lone wolves’ carry out sudden terror attacks it is particularly frightening for ordinary citizens. This scares ordinary citizens: they can’t be sure that the Parvez Mussharraf, Zaved Akhtar or Assasuddin Owaisi living next door is not an indoctrinated jehadi terrorist, waiting for his chance to attack them. Naturally, today there is widespread fear of Islam as well as anger against it.
If you ever thought that terrorists only scare non-Muslims, you are wrong. When the Taliban, Al Qaeda and ISIS propagate their version of Islam, even normal Muslims feel terrified because the ‘imposed Islam’ is totally unfamiliar to them. Moreover, terrorists have killed more Muslims in the name of Islam than they killed non-Muslims. You may like to read how Islamophobia in Pakistan is affecting the Pak society.
2c) WESTERN OIL POLITICS AND RISE OF ISLAMIC FUNDAMENTALISM
How Unjust Western Oil Policies led to Rise of Radical Islam
While people instinctly blame radical Islamists for all the terror and violence, but they must also know about the powerful behind-the-scene forces, whose parochial actions actually promoted the cult of Jehadi violence. In the South Asia, during the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan in the 1980s, Americans started using Islamic fanaticism against the communist occupiers. Thus, the Al Qaeda and other terror groups were created, trained and directed against the Soviet troops.
Bin Laden was a Saudi national and intolerant Wahhabism was in his blood. The US had no problem with his activities until the 9/11 happened on its own soil. Then the ‘good’ terrorist became a ‘bad’ most-wanted terrorist!
When the communist left Afghanistan, the Jehadi brigade became jobless. The US wanted to dismantle the terror training camps, but it did not ensure that Pakistan actually scraped them. On the contrary, Pakistan came up with its own plan. It continued operating the Jehad factories but started directing the trained terrorists against India. Thus, India became the first victim of Islamic terrorism since early 1990s. Even after a quarter century Pakistan continues to sponsor jehadi violence in Kashmir on a daily basis. Since India is too strong for a direct war, Pakistan has to carry on with terrorism against its ‘eternal enemy!’ Stating differently, Pakistan is fighting the lost Bangladesh war of 1971 in Kashmir through home grown terrorists.
Coming to the oil rich Middle East, the story is different but still involves the US and its arrogant functioning.
Islamic terrorism in the Middle East should be seen in the context of Western meddling for energy control, ever since the oil was discovered and the Saudi Arabia was founded in the 1930s. Ever since the WW-2 ended, practically everything in the Middle East has revolved around one single issue: Western oil interests. Thus, the US and its European allies have been solidly supporting the Saudi Arabia which is the most conservative Islamic country practicing a highly intolerant version of Islam – Wahhabism. The Saudis have been using their petro-dollars for propagating their Wahhabi doctrine around the world. As a result, over the decades all milder and humane versions of Islam got slowly eased out by the Saudi exported Wahhabi Islam. Pakistan, under dictator Zia, had already embraced Wahhabism in the 1980s before the Americans decided to use Jehadi violence to overthrow the communists from Afghanistan.
The US together with its Western allies always promoted puppet regimes in the Middle East to serve their own interests. They never allowed people to run their countries in their own ways and never shied of killing democratic aspirations of people, which often ended up fueling fundamentalism. Thus, the Western powers scuttled democracy in Iran in 1953 to install a favorable king, who was ultimately thrown away by militant Islamic movement in late 1970s. As a result, people in the Middle East countries always hated the US and the West.
Saddam was a ‘good’ ally as long he kept fighting Iran (disliked by the US); he became ‘bad’ only when he invaded Kuwait in the early 1990s that threatened Western oil interests. Saddam became ‘really bad’ when he made Iraq quite strong and started defying the US when the 9/11 happened. The Bush-Blair duo decided to invade Iraq under the false pretext of destroying his non-existent WMDs and supposed links with the 9/11 terrorists. The Iraq war was only about ‘protecting Western oil interests’ and nothing else. As the West show-cased the latest range of weaponry in the real battle field, their weapon industry started bagging huge orders from around the world. Western wars are always about money and profits.
Roots of the current Syrian mess can also be traced back to the overthrowing of democratic government in Syria. Today, Assad regime of Syria is ‘bad’ for the US, but is ‘good’ for the Russians! The US-Russian rivalry only added to the complications in the region.
What never gets sufficiently talked about is the enormous amount of suffering millions of Iraqis and Syrians have gone through, and are still going through. Thousands of refugees from the war torn regions of the Middle East have died trying to cross over to Europe for safety.
If it were a just world, the Bush-Blair couple would have been put on trial for mass genocide in Iraq. But we live in a highly unjust world, dictated by whoever holds the bigger gun.
2d) WHY UNITED STATES IS NOT WINNING THE “WAR ON TERRORISM”
Experts estimate the overall cost of American military ventures in the Afghanistan and Iraq since the 9/11 attack in 2001, to be between 4 to 6 billion dollars. Barak Obama killed a lot of terrorists through guns and drones, but the more he killed the more came alive! The game still continues. Baghdadi has been already killed 7 times! For politically correct Obama, ‘terrorism had no religion’ so he treated terrorists as criminal minded Muslims but Donald Trump calls the phenomenon ‘radical Islamic terrorism’. Trump should certainly get the credit for calling a spade a spade and also for not fooling the world for ‘political correctness’. But there is no sign of how he would fight the ‘Islamic terrorism’ differently. Like Obama, he also sees the ISIS, Al Qaeda and Taliban as separate armed gangs – as if from the underworld.
Trump’s talk of depriving safe havens to terrorists is a step in the right direction and he has rightly identified Pakistan as the chief culprit as far as his Afghanistan policy is concerned. But how is he going to achieve it? Even if he cuts off annual dole to Pakistan, stops sale of weapons, and takes back its non-NATO ally status how is it going to kill Pakistan’s flourishing jihad industry? In all likelihood, if the US dumps Pakistan China would compensate for all its loses and Pak would continue to do the same thing. Realistically speaking, there is little else the US can do to change Pakistan’s behavior.
Donald Trump should note that all Islamic terror groups follow the same core ideology; they differ only in personality clashes. Their preference for violence and terrorism can be seen exemplified by the training manual of Al Qaeda whose operatives carried out the 9/11 attacks. It candidly says:
“[An] Islamic government would never be established except by the bomb and rifle. Islam does not coincide or make a truce with unbelief, but rather confronts it. The confrontation that Islam calls for with these godless and apostate regimes, does not know Socratic debates, Platonic ideals nor Aristotelian diplomacy. But it knows the dialogue of bullets, the ideals of assassination, bombing, and destruction, and the diplomacy of the cannon and machine-gun. The young came to prepare themselves for Jihad [holy war], commanded by the majestic Allah’s order in the holy Koran.”
If Trump really wants to succeed in his fight against terrorism he must stop seeing the ISIS, Al Qaeda and Taliban as ‘reason’ behind terrorism; the ‘real reason’ is the core ideology that brainwashes ‘normal’ Muslims to creates suicidal jihadis. Trump has to fight this ideology just as the US waged the ideological war against communism during the cold war era, alongside the military warfare with drones, troops and guns. For that he needs to connect with the traditional Islamic philosophy and isolate jihadi preachers and propagandists. Social media is the ideal platform to do that – all he needs to do is to create a team of virtual commandos to counter the plots of jihadi fanaticism.
2e) GLOBAL MUSLIM POPULATION
Worldwide around 1.6 billion people follow ‘Islam’ – divided between Sunnis (87-90%) and Shias (10-13%). Both Indian and Pakistani Muslim communities follow this Shia-Sunni ratio. However, there are further divisions that complicate their mutual sectarian relations. Iran is the global hub of Shias, and the Sunni world looks towards Saudi Arabia for religious leadership.
About 1 billion (or 62 percent) live in the Asia pacific region, followed by about 320 million (21 percent) combined in the Middle East – North Africa and 245 million (15 percent) in the Sub Saharan Africa. Americas have just 5 million and entire Europe has only 43 million Muslims. Both France and Germany have around 5 million Muslims, forming 5-7 percent population. Russia has the largest Muslim population of 14 million (or 10 percent) of country’s population.
The largest number of Muslims lives in Indonesia (215 million, forming 88% of country’s population). It is followed closely by Pakistan (205 million) and India (195 million); Bangladesh (160 million) occupies the fourth place. In terms of numbers, other major countries are Egypt (80 million), Nigeria (80 million), Iran (75 million), and Turkey (74 million).
The politics of oil rich Gulf region is dictated by the traditional rivalry between Shia Iran (75 million) and the cash rich Sunni Saudi Arabia (30 million). Rulers of Arab nations still have not shed the traditional pre-Islamic tribal mindset, despite amassing so much easy wealth from the oil exports and latest technologies from the West.
Around 80% Muslims live in countries where they are in majority. Indian Muslims are not among them: it creates a strange situation for Hindu dominated India.
Muslims In India
The case of Muslim population in India is peculiar: it is the third largest Muslim population after Indonesia and Pakistan but as minority! India’s Muslim population has steadily grown since independence, both in numbers and in percentage. With the fertility rate of about 3.2 children per woman (much higher than the national average of 2.2), it is the fastest growing community in India! Muslims formed just 9.8 percent of total Indian population in 1951; now they are 14.2 percent and expected to be 20 percent by 2050. In contrast, the non-Muslim population in Pakistan has steadily decreased since its birth, from over 15 percent to less than 2 percent today – reflecting the destructive Islamic dominance on minority groups. Nothing surprising, the same trend exists in Bangladesh also. Recently, the only Hindu Chief Justice of Bangladesh was forced to flee the country. Rohingya Muslim terrorists massacred Hindus in Myanmar; it did not become ‘news’ for the BBC, CNN or India’s ‘secular’ news channels!
Another distinguishing factor is that in India Muslims enjoy full freedom and fruits of modern democracy, nurtured by highly tolerant and accommodative majority Hindus. Thanks to the moderating influence of peace loving 85 percent majority Hindus, in India Shia and Sunni Muslims don’t blow up themselves or each other’s Mosques – unlike in Pakistan! Instead, they all live in the most safe and peaceful social environment.
Why Indian Muslims Feel Fortunate Living In India!
Indian Muslims feel particularly satisfied when they look at the status of the ‘almost failed’ Islamic State of Pakistan – the only nation ever formed in the name of Islam by partitioning unified India in 1947. Muslims who migrated from other parts of India to Pakistan got labeled as Mohajirs and treated like second grade citizens in Pakistan. It lost half of its territory to Bangladesh in 1971 when it disrespected results of national assembly elections. People of its largest and mineral rich province Balochistan live under military oppression ever since 1948. Pak rulers have alienated people of all provinces other than Punjab.
It offered safe sanctuary to Osama bin Laden and top Al Qaeda commanders until the Americans hunted them down. Even today, it is a fertile land for Taliban, Haqqani, LeT, JeM and dozens of other terror groups. The most wanted global terrorists roam freely on the streets of Pakistan spitting venom against humanity. Backed by Pak military they are now busy forming political parties to contest elections! Today, the country is almost irreversibly infected by all kinds of jehadi terrorists and is appropriately seen as global capital of terrorism. International Pakistan watchers are distressed to see the extremely deep penetration of extremists and jihadis into Pak society. They are seriously concerned about country’s stability and safety of its nuclear weapons.
Thus, even those Indian Muslims whose heart-beat always remained with Pakistan feel fortunate that they live in safety among naturally secular Hindus of India. The only Muslims unhappy are the Owaisi Brothers of Hyderabad and their likes who dream of Islamizing India by wiping out Hindus. They send their own kids to modern universities but hallucinate about living in 7th century Sharia society in the progressive Indian democracy of 21st century.
2f) THREAT OF GLOBAL TERRORISM TO INDIA
Given the huge Muslim population (around 190 million) in India, it is heartening that the number of people attracted by the glamor of jihadi terrorism in the Middle East has been exceptionally insignificant. In contrast, Europe with just 15 million Muslims – of which about 2/3rd live in France and Germany – has seen thousands going to Syria to fight alongside the ISIS. Credit for the poor response from India fully goes to the nature of Indian Islam, which has strong elements of the highly humane Sufi Islam, and to the moderating influence of 1000 million peace loving Hindus whose Dharma based lifestyle is extremely accommodative and tolerant. Moreover, Indian Muslims are ex Hindus forced to convert for survival in the Mughal era and thus, their DNA has more traits of peace than violence. Yet, the threat of increasing radicalization through social media can’t be overlooked or underestimated, given the onslaught of propaganda material on social media and jihadi recruiters from Pak based terror groups.
As far as India is concerned, the biggest threat of jihadi violence would always come from the Islamic State of Pakistan regardless of what happens to the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) in the Middle East and elsewhere in the world. Even if the US acts upon its tough stance against Pakistan and stops the annual aid, takes away its non-NATO ally status and declares it a terrorism supporting nation Pakistan hostility towards India won’t diminish. Given its long nurtured Islamic hatred against India it would continue to find newer excuses to promote jehadi violence against India. The cancer of fundamentalism has already penetrated deeply into Pak society. It has eaten away whatever little rationality it had. In fact, Pakistan is no more Islamic; it is an extremely radicalized Wahhabi nation now.
Within borders Western UP (where Deoband, the center of rigid Islamic orthodoxy is located), Kerala, and West Bengal are the regions to be watched diligently. Both Kerala and WB have around 27% Muslim population. India has to also constantly watch the pro-Pak lobby consisting of radical preachers, radicalized Muslims and die hard ‘appeasement’ secularists. Along with the traditional Pak loving Muslims, they form the constituency of Pak ISI. Needless to say, every radicalized Indian Muslim is a potential Pak aide through Islamic kinship and a lone wolf type threat to society.
Sonia Congress is the hotbed of anti-Hindu, pro-Muslim and pro-Pakistan elements. Even if they can’t side with Pakistan openly they can always try blunting India’s stern response. As sub-mediocre and anti-Hindu Rahul Gandhi gets planted as party boss, these dirty elements would get stronger. It would only embolden Pakistan and global Islamic lobby that nurtures (Muslim) appeasement secularists and promotes radicalization and Wahhabism among Indian Muslims in India.
On the positive side, currently there is a nationalist government at the helm. Thus, for the first time in decades, under the BJP, India appears to have a clear cohesive policy against terrorism and ‘terroristan’. Modi government has brought a significant change in India’s response towards Pak sponsored jihadi violence. Now diplomacy and military initiatives operate in sync. Coordination among different security bodies and police has never been better before. Since the surgical strike of September 2016 security forces have been eliminating terrorists and foiling infiltration efforts on a daily basis. Modi government is also drying up the sources of terror funding and the NIA has nailed down most Kashmiri separatists (Pak agents and darlings of appeasement politicians) in illegal havala activities. Their financial umbilical cord connected to PAK ISI is waiting to be ruptured soon.
Modi has successfully created a global alliance against countries providing safe sanctuaries to terrorists. As a result, the US is openly asking Pakistan to stop nurturing terrorists. The UK government recently froze Daud Ibrahim’s assets. The BRICS summit named terror groups like LeT and JeM as global threat.
Another important planned initiative is to install high tech border fence and automatic surveillance system along the border. It is expected to be completed by March 2018. It would greatly reduce infiltration of jehadis from the Pak side. Acquiring this fencing was a major goal of Modi’s Israel visit in August 2017. Moreover, the US has decided to sell its latest attacking drones to India. They would come handy in destroying Pak based terror camps without need for surgical strikes using commandos.
2g) ARE MUSLIMS IN ‘MINORITY’ IN INDIA?
When appeasement politicians want to call Muslims a ‘minority’ community it is just a divisive vote bank political gimmick. However, who should be considered a minority in India:
Over 190 million Indian Muslims who form 14.2% population and still growing in number (fertility 3.2 per woman compared with the declining national average of 2.2) or less than 70,000 Parsees who are at the risk of extinction (fertility just 0.8 per woman)?
To any rational mind, calling Parsees minority makes sense; handful Jews in India can be surely called minority. But saying that Indian Muslims are ‘minority’ defies all rationality – just like demands made “…in the name of Islam”. Their population is more than the combined populations of two biggest Muslim countries: Egypt (86 million) and Iran (78 million). They are actually a full nation (almost as big as Pakistan) inside India!
Here is a voice of sanity ignored by Indian media and pseudo-intellectuals:
If India is supposedly a ‘secular’ – religion neutral – country, then why demand state favors in the name of religion?
Right ‘secular’ parameters to judge small and minor groups of people who would be living ignored or excluded are – poverty, physical or mental disability, socially boycotted (lesbian, gay, transgender), people living in difficult terrains, illiteracy, poor senior citizens without support, orphan / abandoned children, group of people persecuted on any ground (eg. Kashmiri Hindus who were driven out of Valley by radical Islamists), etc.
Does Muslim community qualify to be labeled a ‘minority’ group on any of these really ‘secular parameters’? The answer is a clear NO.
Poverty may be applied on Muslims, but they alone are not poor in India. In fact, none of the progressive and secular minded Muslims are poor. Religious ghettoization and indifference to modern education are main reasons of poverty among Indian Muslims and the backward looking Mullahs should take the blame for that.
After dubbing Muslims as minority the appeasement politicians play the ‘insecurity’ card. Pseudo-liberals and phony intellectuals join together to pose the next question.
Are Minorities Safe in India?
This is the weird concern of Western influenced people, particularly in the media. When an American or European journo raise such an issue, it is understandable because the Western concept of “Religion” runs in their veins and where, for example, a Christian is naturally supposed to have a discriminatory mindset towards a Muslim. But when an Indian intellectual writes a piece with this mindset he/she is doing a great injustice to over 100 crore non-Muslim and non-Christian Indians who make India naturally ‘secular’ by virtue of their Dharma based no-discriminative life philosophies. It merely reflects a distorted or hollow understanding of Hindu culture that defines India. A brief demographic comparison of Hindu dominated secular India and the Islamic State of Pakistan is shown in the image above; hope it is not too complicated for their juvenile mind!
However, this question is best answered by the Jews and Parasis who are the real minorities in India!
More relevant questions are: Why are Hindus not safe in Islamic Pakistan and Bangladesh? Why Kashmiri Hindus are not safe in Kashmir? Why is media blind to massacre of Hindus in Myanmar by Rohingya Muslim terrorists? And why Muslim countries don’t want to accept Rohingya Muslims?
Any Indian ‘secular’ wants to answer?
By the way, here is the Russian perspective on minorities:
3. INDIA ENDS ‘TRIPLE TALAQ’
August 22 Brings Dignity and Freedom For Muslim Women
August 22, 2017 will be remembered by all Indian Muslim women as a day when they got freedom from the oppressive practice of sudden and arbitrary out-of-court ‘triple talaq’ deliberately sustained by the maulavis in the name of ‘Islam’. It brought unbelievable sense of relief and freedom for the 90 million women under the veil for the first time in their life. Although not fully out of the oppressive patriarchal shadow, Muslim women can now hope for some sense of dignity and security in their lives. It was something political pundits have never thought feasible given the deep rooted cult of maulvi appeasement politics in the political establishment.
For backward looking Maulanas August 22 must also be the darkest day in the life, as the Supreme Court verdict jolted their patriarchal stranglehold over women of the community. It also gave a severe blow to their uniquely irrational and unethical halala sex business (unheard of in other religions).
Just when the Honorable Judges were delivering their verdict, a woman in MP received ‘talaq, talaq, talaq’ written on a piece of paper in mail from her husband. She refused to accept the divorce and went to the police – an option that did not exist just a day ago! This is the new ‘Empowerment’ the SC gifted Muslim women – always denied by the clergy class citing Islam or Sharia. However, it is just a small step. Right to divorce still rest with Muslim men.
Why Shah Bano Failed in 1985
If a Muslim man could just walk out of the marriage so easily in a secular country like India, even after several decades since independence, it speaks for the political clout of the ossified brained Mullahs who like to ever remain mentally stuck in the 7th century era. They hobnobbed with the self-serving appeasement politicians and reduced the community they supposedly represent to the status of a mere ‘vote bank’.
The ugliest face of ‘appeasement’ was on display in the mid 1980s when the Supreme Court ordered maintenance for a triple talaq victim, Shah Bano. It brought furious radical Mullahs on the streets in protest as if the Supreme Court of secular India has attacked their religion. The Congress government buckled under pressure and went to the extent of negating the SC verdict through Constitutional amendment in order to placate angry maulvis.
Too Rigid Patriarchy with Irrational Mindset
Just listen to any maulavi talk and in no time you would easily conclude that all rights and freedom belongs to men alone – as per what they call Sharia Law – and women are no better than commodity and cattle owned by men. Before August 22, many maulanas have been proudly declaring that even if the man is drunk and uttered talaq three times the marriage is instantly over. And a Muslim man can even divorce on phone, through SMS or any social media platform.
In fact, these maulavis can sell any injustice and irrationality citing Islam or Sharia. Nikah halala is another of their favorite practice. It comes in the picture if the divorced woman has to remarry her previous husband. As per ‘their’ Islam she has to first marry another man, have sex with him and get divorced – only then she gets ‘purified’ to remarrying her ex husband! If it sounds like an unethical sex racket you still have the ability to think like a normal man! Be convinced that like jehadi terrorists these stuck brain maulavis are the biggest enemies of their own religion.
It would be wrong to say that these issues only concern Muslim women. In fact, they affect the social atmosphere and culture of whole Indian society – which stands for justice, dignity and security for all its citizens. Radical maulavis can’t stamp their ownership on Muslim women because they are also ‘Indian citizens’ with certain human rights assured by the Constitution.
The human civilization has crossed the 20th century and is preparing for the global challenges of the 21st century. But these maulavis appear hell bent to take the community backwards, towards the 7th century – in the name of Sharia.
Congratulations to all those who took the matter to the Supreme Court and emerged winners. Next step should be the fight against halala, polygamy and short term marriages – all meant for sexual exploitation of Muslim women and girls. There is nothing religious about them. Finally the ultimate target should be the uniform civil code.
4. A TERRIBLE MISTAKE ! EQUATING “DHARMA” WITH “RELIGION”
Yes, it was a grave mistake when India equated its profound “Dharma” with the English word “Religion”. The wrong translation occurred because people used the phrases Hindu Dharma, Sikh Dharma, Jain Dharma and so on to describe these life philosophies. In reality, it is utterly wrong to say that the Hindu Dharma is Hindu religion, the Sikh Dharma is Sikh religion or the Jain Dharma is Jain religion.
Christianity and Islam are certainly “Religions” because they represent set of rigidly fixed ideas believed by specific groups of people. They divide humanity into supposed ‘superior’ believers and lowly non-believers and impose ‘conversion’ of non-believers as a religious duty. It naturally imposes discrimination against people of different other beliefs. History of last 2000 years is full of faith based violence. Barbaric Islamic invaders showed this intolerant tendency in India during the 700 years Islamic rule. They forced innocent native Indians to ‘convert’ to Islam through threat and terror.
On the contrary, none of the Indian life philosophies preach belief based prejudice. Thus, Hindus follow their personal beliefs and customs but also respect other saints and their followers. For them, difference in “belief” was never a dividing line in society. In fact, people of India (Bharat) were not conscious of their “faith” until the ‘faithists’ – Christians and Muslims – came in. And they even came as refugees running away to avoid persecution from the co-believers in their own lands!! Sufi Muslims make a notable example of this category. Astonishingly, even today many Islamic societies don’t consider them as Muslims!! Intolerance and discrimination are inherent ingrained in the minds of ‘religionists’ or ‘faithists’ differing only in degrees.
What is called ‘Hindu’ today is basically a word coined by Arabs to denote people living in this region. Thus, Hindu is a geographical term. And, Hinduism should be seen as their way of life.
Comparing “Dharma” with religion is like naming football as ping pong ball because both are ‘round’ or because both are used to play sport! This ended up devaluing the life philosophies of over 100 crore Indians and distorted the public discourse.
‘Religion’ is strictly a narrow Western construct. It was coined to describe the characteristics of Abrahamic or Prophetic philosophies such as Judaism, Christianity and Islam. It is a “religion” when a separate super powerful and all-knowing entity called ‘God’ reveals the ‘Only Truth’ to a ‘Messenger’ which is written in a ‘Holy Book.’ As a follower, you are supposed to merely ‘believe’ in whatever is told to you unquestioningly, accept an unknown and unseen ‘savior’ God who will ‘salvage’ you, or lead you to some ‘Paradise’, perform pre-fixed rituals and abide by the dictates of the religious hierarchy.
The imagined Christian God is different from the imagined Islamic Allah. They have separate ‘Only Truths’, ‘Holy Books’ and entirely different rites and rituals. As a religious believer you have to allow the whole package to be imposed upon you. You either take all or nothing. It’s a choice-less and shut-mind affair! You, as a believer, are supposed to be superior to the non-believers. If you can’t believe in Allah or God you can’t a Muslim or Christian, forget about being ‘religious.’ You can’t be a Muslim and a Christian at the same time. Thus, religion is all about blind ‘belief’.
Despite the claimed of divinity, religions are a manmade fiction revolving around imagined fictional God. They were certainly initially created to help people lead ethical and harmonious life. However, the authorities slowly reduced them to the status of socio-political ideologies that grow with number of believers. Thus, Christian Crusaders and Islamic Jihadis of the past centuries waged holy wars to grow their numbers; today there are Christian missionaries and Islamic Mullahs spread around world working on the same agenda.
The biggest problem with religions is that they kill rational thinking and free enquiry and thus, make people submissive. The other big issue is that of context-less and self-serving interpretation of words written centuries and millennium ago in a very different era. Such extremism is glaringly visible in the thinking and conduct of Islamic fundamentalists and terrorists that we see today. They connect their own negative and delusive thinking with Islam and perpetrate all manners of violence, terror and even self-destructive barbaric activities – believing as if they are merely performing religious duties. This is the ugliest side of ‘religion’.
Christian West did well to divest clergy of the political authority and separated religion from State – that gave birth to the concept of secularism. Muslim world has miserably failed in this regard – its clergy class is ever ready to issue dictates to control people in the name of Sharia and Islam
In contrast, India born life philosophies – Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism etc – are simply different paths to practice Dharma, which is universal and eternal. Dharma points to nature’s laws that govern all existence including human life; in another sense it points to inherent characteristics of things. The law of Karma is a vital theme of Dharma as it applies on human beings. Whether you believe in these things or not; they are always operating.
Dharma already exists; it is the ‘reality’ or ‘truth’ of human being, it only needs to be recognized and understood in order to lead a good peaceful life. Stating in simple words: Dharma provides a universal world-view which orients people towards peaceful and harmonious living, among themselves as well as with nature. Things that promote trust, peace, security and harmony are Dharmic; and those that act in the opposite direction are adharmic.
Dharma based life expects people to explore, think and take charge of their life rather than develop dependency on some unseen superpower. For guidance, spiritual scientists of ancient India – sages and rishis – have already documented their discoveries of various aspects of ‘realities’ of human existence, using Yoga and meditation as their prime tools. They documented their knowledge in “Vedas” and other texts. Each individual is free to decide his own path of self evolution. Nothing is ever imposed on people as the ‘Only Truth’. There are numerous paths to reach the ultimate reality; you explore and decide what is good for you, knowing that conduct is more important than beliefs. Thus, acceptance of diversity of beliefs is already an integral part of Indian society. The word ‘Hindutva’ has been coined to denote this collective ethos.
Therefore, lecturing Hindus on ‘secularism’ is an exercise in stark factual ignorance. It is like showing a candle to the Sun at noon!
Consequences of Equating Dharma With Religion
When seen from the ‘religion’ perspective the universality of Indian life philosophies gets suppressed. It ignores the fact that they naturally live with so many differing viewpoints and beliefs. It also negates the fact that they don’t divide humanity into believers and non-believers. The most serious objection is that they get branded as communal, which is utter non-sense. They are in fact the most ‘secular’ people in the world because they see humanity as one big family.
You may also like to explore: World Needs More “Dharma” and less Religion !
5. THE UNFINISHED AGENDA OF NATIONAL INTEGRATION
It was the first Indian Home Minister, Sardar Patel who used his political skills to merge over 550 princely estates into the Indian Union. It was natural that these rulers would be reluctant to give up power, but that’s what political realities demanded. In fact, Hyderabad was the last royal estate to get absorbed in India in the 1950s.
It is a matter of pride for all Indians that the NDA government is building a world class monument to honor the “Real Sardar” of India. Such nationalistic things don’t exist in the DNA of Congress Party elites. No surprise if this party has elements who mock at the Indian army Chief and see ‘nationalism’ as symbol of narrow Hindu thinking.
While Patel integrated princely states into one mainstream, many areas were still left ignored and neglected – and waiting to be integrated into national mainstream. These are the North Eastern region and tribal areas scattered across the country, not hotbed of Naxalites. These tribal areas fall under the fifth and sixth schedule and have special autonomy to allow the tribes to rule themselves as per their tradition and enjoy cultural freedom.
Then there is the long pending and sensitive issue of Uniform Civil Code (UCC). Absence of UCC has prevented formation of a common Indian identity, away from the typical religious individuality. Muslim appeasement politics and backward looking Islamic clergy are the biggest hurdles in adopting UCC and allowing India to become a really modern democracy.
5a) THE NORTH EASTERN STATES
In diversity – cultural, linguistic, and traditional – India is more colorful than any other country or even continent. A vital unfinished business of national integration relates to the North Eastern States, connected with mainland India through a very narrow strip of land – called Chicken neck.
It is ironical that people living in the North India know very little about the North Eastern states, their people, culture and tradition. This is frightening. Economic activities have significantly bridged the north-south gap but the North-East still needs to be integrated with rest of the country. Perhaps the best way to do it is to hold regular cultural festivals across India so that people of one state know about others. Connectivity is still a big problem.
It is heartening to see that Modi government is taking serious steps to improve connectivity and spur development in the North Eastern States. Even a special help-line has been set up to take care of their grievances.
You may like to explore: Birth and Spirit of the Sixth Schedule
5b) NAXAL VIOLENCE – THE BIGGEST INTERNAL SECURITY THREAT
Can you imagine a country that leaves a vast part of its territory ungoverned? This is exactly what the Congress Party has done in its six decades of governance at the Center.
People in the tribal areas have lived abandoned by the government, which left them at the mercy of forest officials who acted as if they were still employed by the agents of the British East India Company. The governance vacuum was filled by left-wing extremists called naxalites, who exploited the isolation of the tribals and injustices done by state officials and money lenders to strengthen their cadre. Congress governments never really showed any serious willpower to tackle the naxalite violence; they always pretended that was a mere law-and-order problem.
Again the Modi government is giving full attention to this tricky problem it deserves.
The ‘Red Corridor’ and Maoist Violence
Over the years, they carved out a vast territory covering 92,000 sq km area, called “Red Corridor” by the media. It grew dramatically in last 2-3 decades right from Nepal to Tamil Nadu. In the early 1990s the number of districts affected by varying degrees of Maoist violence stood at just 15 in four states. This rose to 55 districts in nine states by the end of 2003 and to 156 districts in 13 states in 2004.
Maoists are currently believed to be operating in around 200 districts (of a total of 604 districts in the country) in 17 states. The worst affected states are Jharkhand, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, and Orissa. The poverty and backwardness of people in these forest covered areas has provided a fertile ground for the growth of Naxals/Maoists.
Download the full report on Naxal/Maoist Violence: NAXAL_Report
5c) NON-IMPLEMENTATION OF UNIFORM CIVIL CODE (UCC)
Non implementation of the Uniform Civil Code (UCC) means denial of the right to equality. It is an issue that Congress governments of past six decades have been evading, largely to please radical and non-progressive Muslim Mullahs who provide Muslim votes. Actually, the issue of UCC dates back to the colonial period when the British applied a common criminal code on all but allowed different religious communities the freedom to have their own religious laws for personal matters. These different personal laws deal with the matters involving marriage, divorce, inheritance, adoption and maintenance in the respective religious communities.
While framing the Constitution these personal laws were debated extensively. Progressive thinkers saw them as divisive and wanted a Uniform Civil Code on all Indians – in order to create a unique Indian national identity and eradicate caste and religion based identities. But they were opposed on the ground that it would destroy the cultural identity of minorities (primarily, Christians and Muslims). Thus, a compromise was reached – the UCC was placed under the Directive principles (these are non-binding), but which the state shall endeavor to achieve.
Hence, we have Article 44 of the Constitution which says: “The State shall endeavour to secure for the citizens a uniform civil code throughout the territory of India.” And there is Article 14 which ensures right to equality.
In mid-80s the issue of UCC came under national lime light after the infamous Shah Bano case, when the Congress leaders gave priority to ‘appeasement’ over justice to Muslim women.
The “Infamous” Shah Bano Case!
The Shah Bano case of 1985 stirred up a heated debate when the Supreme Court gave its verdict in favor of an elderly Muslim lady and mother of five, Shah Bano. She was divorced by her husband who refused to pay her maintenance beyond the period of iddat (three-month period after divorce in which she cannot remarry) arguing that the Muslim Personal Law allows only that much.
The Supreme Court granted her maintenance for life under Section 125 of the Cr.P.C (according to which he had to maintain her until she remarries or dies, if she has no means of her own for survival). The Supreme Court held that the Cr.P.C. was common for all and that she could claim maintenance under it. Thus the Muslim Personal Law could not be applied.
The backward looking Muslim clergy vehemently opposed it and called it an assault on their Shari’ah law! PM Rajiv Gandhi surrendered and hurriedly passed the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Divorce) Act, 1986 to nullify the SC verdict. However, later the SC nullified this Act and restored its verdict in favor of Shah Bano. Many Muslims including the All India Shia Personal Law Board supported this order.
India Allows 5 Different Personal Laws!
Thus we have several personal laws governing different religious communities.
The Hindu Marriage Act is applicable over people following India born Dharma-based life philosophies – Hindus, Buddhists, Jains or Sikhs. In fact, there are three other acts: the Hindu Succession Act, the Hindu Minority and Guardianship Act, and the Hindu Adoptions and Maintenance Act. They were all passed during 1955-56.
The Muslim Personal Law (Shariat) Application Act, 1937 for Muslims and the Parsee Marriage and Divorce Act that applies on the Parsees.
The Christian Marriage Act, 1872 is applicable on all Indian Christians (except in the state of Goa) and their divorce related matters fall under the Indian divorce act of 1869.
There is also a Special Marriages Act, 1954 which allows marriage irrespective of the religion of couple involved.
Implementing a Uniform Civil Code will make all these laws vanish and all Indians will come under a single law, regardless of religion.
It will make India truly a modern secular state, help eliminate Muslim and Christian ‘vote bank’ politics, reduce the burden the on legal system, and most importantly it will free Muslim women from the archaic, unjust and suppressive practices like triple talaq and male polygamy.
In fact, Goa can show the way. It has a Common Family Law which is also called Goa Civil Code and governs all Goans, although it allows some exceptions to some communities. It is certainly not a true Uniform Civil Code, but shows that it is possible to move towards a UCC, despite the bickering of appeasement politicians and vehement opposition of Muslim Mullahs.
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6. WHY TRIBALS AND NAXAL ISSUES SUDDENLY BECAME IMPORTANT?
The reason Indian government was forced to pay attention to Naxal Violence is the corporate interest in the natural resources, mineral mines, and water reservoirs located in these areas for ”developmental” activities under the economic reforms started in 1991. Over 75 percent natural resources, mineral mines, water reservoirs are located in the remote areas populated by the poorest of poor – Adivasis (tribals). After neglecting these areas for decades and allowing them to become the den of Naxal violence, the State and Central governments suddenly became interested in them in the post-reform era.
However, rather than appreciating the eco-friendly lifestyle of the tribals and rewarding them for preserving the natural wealth, our rulers are throwing them out so that the rich and greedy corporations can setup industries and grow the GDP of the country.
[No one wants to think about the scenario, after say 20-30 years, when all the resources have been consumed by the corporates and their bottom-lines fattened? Yes, they will sell-off their businesses leaving behind the trail of ecological mess in the areas which have been kept lush green and preserved by the illiterate tribals since ages. Isn’t it pathetic?]
Deploying security forces ostensibly in the name of fighting Naxals is the usual trick employed by the governments. The real reason is to secure the resources for the corporate houses and help evicting the local tribals. But if the government is sincere about tribal welfare, it should strengthen implementation of the PESA Act of 1996 [Panchayat (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996]. The Act extends the Panchayat Raj system to the Fifth Schedule areas and allows the tribal communities grass-root democracy by activating the Gram Sabhas (village assemblies). The Act empowers the Gram Sabhas to take authority over local natural resources also.
If the Act is honestly implemented, it will also render the Maoists baseless by allowing the rule of the law that protects the tribals. Once the tribal people get connected to the Panchayat system, they will have platforms to raise their issues and develop themselves. Unfortunately, so far the implementation of the PESA Act has been pathetic because no one (state government, forest officials, or politicians) wants to allow the poor tribals to rule themselves through their Gram Sabhas. They are more comfortable nurturing the interests of rich corporate houses. As the Union government is moving ahead with corporatization and adopting the US style corporate-led economy, the PESA, forest laws and the rule of Garm Sabhas and Panchayats will only remain paper laws for appeasement.
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7. POVERTY IN INDIA
India, the largest democracy of 1.33 billion people, is also the biggest center of poverty in the world – it is both widespread and intense. Official poverty line data finds 269 million (or 21 percent) living in poverty. This is latest claim of India’s Planning Commission in June 2014 after the latest Rangarajan Expert Group gave its report. However, the World Bank, in the beginning of 2017, estimated that around 172 million Indians live under its extreme poverty line of $1.90 a day.
Good news is that the Planning Commission died in 2014 – Modi killed it!! He replaced it with the National Institution for Transforming India (NITI). The Planning Commission was rightly a gathering of ‘Bunch of Jokers’ as late Rajiv Gandhi once said. It was a club of well connected bureaucrats who lived in isolation and lavishly on public money. In 2011-12, its staff of 1160, ate away Rs 84 lakhs in “Chai-Nashta” and wasted Rs 34 lakhs in renovation of 2 toilets in 2012!! None of its privileged member would have known that over 60% Indians have no toilet.
The poor should not be seen as mere numbers; they should be seen as people who live in both income and non-income poverty. The comprehensive Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) gives a better insight into the extent and nature of poverty. The MPI 2017 puts Indian poverty at about 41% — rural poverty is about 53% and urban around 15%. The MPI analysis shows that there is much to be done on the poverty front, despite recent progress.
India holds the distinction of having the most number of poor of the world – a super poor nation! Consequently, South Asia has become the world’s biggest center of extreme poverty. The only other comparable pocket of poverty is the sub Saharan Africa.
Yet, India has about 100 and sub Sahara Africa 16 billionaires !!
Poverty is not a number game; it is a human development issue. So, why poverty, let’s talk people development.
Learn about 8 Reasons Why India is So Poor.
7a) COLONIAL RULERS SYSTEMATICALLY ROBBED INDIA
“A significant fact which stands out is that those parts of India which have been longest under British rule are the poorest today.” – Jawaharlal Nehru, First Prime Minister of India
The colonial British rule laid the foundation for a long term and chronic poverty in India after they departed – this is what Nehru is essentially saying above. The tiny state of Kerala in the southern India fortunately saw the least damaging influence of the British plunderers (there are many reasons for that) and is at present a unique model (in the world) of improvement in the quality of life through social and human development alone.
It was the traditional historic prosperity of India that attracted invaders from various parts of the world in the last 2000 years. Prior to the British, India had been ruled by the foreigners like the Kushanas, Turko-Afghans and Mughals. All of them gradually got assimilated into the Indian society and culture. They not only became absorbed in India but also protected and promoted Indian society, culture and economy. None of them systematically drained India’s wealth or resources to make another country prosperous.
But the British were different; they solely came to loot and plunder to make Britain prosper. The foundation of prosperity of all colonial powers of the past rests squarely on colonial plunder and/or slavery. The image shows how wretched and deceptive their tactics were. They not only took away natural resources but also destroyed social and cultural fabric of India, in the most organized manner. You may like to read
Here is an eye opening article all intelligent Indians should read and ponder:
7b) POVERTY CAN’T BE PROPERLY MEASURED IN MONETARY TERMS
Poverty is a state of constant deprivations, shortages, hardships and lack of well-being. In the extreme case, it is a miserable condition characterized by malnutrition, illiteracy, disease, squalid surroundings, high infant mortality, and low life expectancy. It is a state of powerlessness and voicelessness that is beyond any reasonable definition of human decency.
Research of past few decades has firmly established that poverty cannot be properly understood in economic terms alone – divorced of personal social, cultural and political perspectives. People are social beings; processes and activities of the society affect their state of well-being. A new perspective has emerged that views poverty as a situation of several simultaneous deprivations, feeding one another. It is essentially a multidimensional viewpoint of poverty which sees the poor living deprived of basic essentials of human life – related to nourishment, employment, shelter, health, education, social and political participation, etc.
This is reflected in the alternate measure of poverty called the multidimensional poverty index (MPI) – created jointly by the UNDP and OPHI in 2010. It lays down a map of various deprivations people are facing; it provides very useful information for the policy planners. Several nations have adopted this measure to better reveal the nature of poverty in different regions.
In fact, the foundation of the MPI rests on Amartya Sen’s capability theory of development: It see poverty as failure of basic human capabilities related to fundamental needs of survival. This approach has brought a paradigm shift in the development thinking around the world in the past two decades.
Seen in this comprehensive perspective, poverty becomes an issue of lack of proper social and human development.
You may like to explore: Poverty is Multidimensional, So should be Development
7c) MNREGA – WORLD’S LARGEST ANTI-POVERTY PROGRAM
Passed in 2005, the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) is the Biggest Anti-poverty Program in the World! In spirit, the developmental projects under the NREGA (now renamed MGNREGA; MG for Mahatma Gandhi) are supposed to be designed, planned and implemented by the gram Panchayats. Thus, this unique Act has the potential to revitalize the PRIs, giving impetus to the grass-root democracy, and also create unskilled jobs in rural India. This scheme has become the darling of the rural poor who can LEGALLY claim up to 100 days of unskilled work at the prescribed minimum wages. However, The real Potential of MGNREGA is yet to be Realized. Unfortunately, many states have failed to appreciate the potentials of this program. If implemented in fairness and in coordination with broader plans, MGNREGA can become the catalyst for transformation of rural India.
Poverty cannot be eliminated from the country without looking after the small farmers. Fascinated by text book prescription of eliminating all subsidies by the Western lenders, the government is bent on eliminating all forms of subsidies given to the farmers. This is simply disastrous: Western nations indulge in all manners of protections for their farmers and subsidize basic food items to keep food prices low and affordable. Their farming sector is not a major livelihood provider unlike in India. Offering ever increasing minimum support price (MSP) to farmers is an inadequate and inefficient way to help the farmers or to keep the food prices in control. Indian farmers need Income support, not just MSP.
8. POPULATION STABILIZATION
Why population of India does not stop growing – is a common question people want to ask.
They will be happy to know that in the past decade population growth has declined sharply. Further good news is that the birthrates are falling all over the world, not only in India. The Malthusian fear of overpopulation has gone bust already.
8a) CURRENT POPULATION STATUS
In June 2015, the Indian population is estimated to be around 1.28 billion, which is about 17.5% of world population. India is a young country: over 50% population is below 25 years of age and over 65% people are below 35. Currently, Indian population is growing at the rate of 1.25% per year – by about 15.4 million annually; the rate was 1.75% in the year 2000.
During the decade 2001-2011, the population of Muslims increased by 24% compared with national growth of 18%. It is lower than the 29% rise in the previous decade. Thus, Muslims now form 14.2% of Indian population, compared with 13.4% in 2001.
Assam witnessed the biggest rise in Muslim population, from 31% in 2001 to 34% in 2011. It was certainly due to illegal immigration from Bangladesh. For the same reason, West Bengal Muslim population 25.2% in 2001 to 27% in 2011. Uttarakhand also registered significant rise, from 11.9% to 13.9%.
Almost half (47%) of Indian Muslims live in just 3 states: UP, West Bengal and Bihar.
8b) CURRENT CAUSE OF POPULATION GROWTH
India’s population is growing not because people are having large families, but simply because there are too many people in the reproductive age group – population momentum. The right strategy to curtail such population growth is to delay all births. But sterilization camps are no more the right place to tackle the population issue; the family planning battle must be now fought on the social plane. The correct anti-dotes to population growth due to momentum are:
- Late marriage: Stop all girls’ marriages below 18. In India, about 47% girls are already married before the legal age of 18 and a significant proportion has already given births. This one action can bring fertility down immediately to 2 children per woman.
- Delayed pregnancies: Delay first pregnancy by 1-3 years after marriage, and
- Space further births: Keep at least 3 years gap between births. Often, quick pregnancies result from non-availability of contraceptives, particularly in the rural areas. Almost a quarter of all births take place for this reason alone.
Indian family planning officials will do themselves as well as the country favor, it they educate themselves on the issues of population momentum and also pay attention to what the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), Cairo, 1994 laid down on the population question.
Now it is amply clear that girl Child marriages marriages is the biggest culprit leading to high population growth world over. In fact, early marriages, for various traditional and social reasons, have played a big role in propagating poverty through population growth throughout the world. At the core of it, lies the issue of women empowerment, which itself is powerful contraceptive.
Women’s reproductive behavior is strongly influenced by their educational level – more than economic development. Even some years of schooling leave a lasting impact on her future fertility. Because education is empowering.
8c) LATEST FERTILITY TREND
The 2013 Sample Registration System (SRS) statistical report shows that in the past decade fertility rate has fallen sharply – the total fertility rate (TFR) has fallen to 2.3 in 2013. For 2015, we can easily take it to be around 2.25. TFR indicates the average number of children a woman is likely to have in her life time. Experts feel that it will easily reach the target of 2.1 by 2017, definitely before 2020. At this replacement level, the country goes into the final phases of demographic transition, in which population first stabilizes, and then falls as TFR falls below the replacement level.
Experts think that India’s population will peak in 2050 at about 1.5 bn and the decline to 1.45 bn in 2100.
While the steady decline in TFR a welcome sign, there are sharp variations in TFR across states. 11 states have already attained the replacement level TFR of 2.1. The rest 9 are the drags. Among them are the most problematic populous northern states: UP (3.1), Bihar (3.4), MP (2.9), Rajasthan (2.8), Jharkhand (2.7) and Chhattisgarh (2.6).
Uttar Pradesh and Bihar already account for about a quarter of India’s population. Together these states make up 40% of India’s population.
West Bengal has the lowest TFR of 1.6; followed closely by Delhi, Punjab, Himachal, and Tamil Nadu – all at 1.7. Next are Kerala and Andhra at 1.8 and J&K at 1.9.
8d) WHY IMPOSING BIRTH CONTROL IS A BAD IDEA
China’s One-Child policy is often touted as a great success story in population control. Today, its fertility rate of 1.55 children per woman is even lower than many European countries, and much below the replacement level of 2.1 – where population stabilizes. The success, however, came with enormous social and human costs – it badly distorted the sex ratio and took away the basic human right of citizens to plan their families.
Son preference forced Chinese to abort girls to have son as the only allowed child. Present and future generations of Chinese will grow up devoid of knowing family culture or human bonds. Millions of “surplus” males and their needs has created a vast industry of trafficking of women/girls from neighboring countries like North Korea and Myanmar.
In India, even without state control on family size, sex ratios are very bad in Haryana, Punjab and Chandigarh because of strong son preference. These areas have less than 900 females for 1000 males – the worst in the country. The most female friendly state is Kerala, with 1084 females for 1000 males. It will be discussed below.
8e) INDIA WANTS TO INCREASE PARSI POPULATION!
The Parsi Community is Facing Risk of extinction
This surprises people who worry about rising Indian population which is all set to overtake China by 2022 to become the most populous country in the world. Indian government is concerned about the dwindling population of Parsis and has initiated a JIYO Parsi scheme at the cost of 10 crore rupees to encourage Parsis to give more births and change their mindset on marriage and family.
The Parsi community is an anomaly in India by all standards. Numbering just about 69,000 in 2001 (when official counting was done) and declining at the rate of about 12% per decade, the Parsi community is all set for extinction if things are allowed as they stand today. Currently, over half of the Parsis are over 40, a third of all Parsis are over 60, more than 30% of the community never marries and most couples are either kidless or have just one child. For every four Parsi deaths, there is just one birth – no wonder the community is evaporating.
Parsis are called “Parsi” because they came from Persia (Iran) sometime in the 8th and 10th century in order to avoid persecution in their homeland Iran at the hands of followers of Mohammad. Advent of Islam in the early 7th century brought miseries for them as Muslims spread towards Iran and threatened the followers of existing faith, Zoroastrianism. Zoroastrians had to flee for survival. They arrived in the Sanjan area of Gujarat coast. After first settling in Kathiawar they then spread south towards Mumbai.
India, the ancient land of Hindus, is still the home to the largest number of Zoroastrians estimated in the range 60,000 – 70,000; other countries with Parsi presence are the land of their origin Iran (25,000), US (11,000), Afghanistan (10,000) and Pakistan (5,000).
Given their microscopic numbers, Parsis contribution towards betterment of Indian society is simply awesome. Parsis have played leading roles in freedom struggle, business, politics, military and film industry. Dadabhai Naoroji is known as the Grand Old Man of India. His effort to press for end of British rule in India was exemplary. Tatas pioneered in establishing several industries that laid the foundation for industrialization and modernization of India.
Homi Jehangir Bhabha founded the Bhabha Atomic Research Institute (BARC) and initiated India’s nuclear program and laid the foundation for modern basic research as Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR). Parsee Natak Mandali set up in 1853 is easily seen as the initiative that laid down the platform for Mumbai’s Film industry. Sir Jamshedji Behramji Kanga, Nani Palkhiwala, Fali Nariman and Soli Sorabjee and India’s easily India’s formidable lawyers ever. You may like to explore
In December 2013, the Indian government launched a Jiyo Parsi (Live Parsi) scheme with two-fold motifs – medical assistance to facilitate pregnancies and counselling-cum-advocacy to change Parsis’ mindset. The fertility rate of Parasis is just 0.8 as against the national average of 2.3. It is interesting to mention that while Parsis community is shrinking India’s Muslim community is all set to become the largest in the world in next 10-15 years due to its high fertility of 3.2, beating Indonesia.
Indian Parsis are truly wonderful people. Unlike Christians and Muslims they don’t indulge in so-called religious conversions to increase their numbers for political gains. They neither demand special favors in the name religion. Their principles of peaceful coexistence vibe well with the ancient Dharma based culture of 100 crore Hindus who would like to have more Parsis among them. Indian Muslims have a lot to learn from Parsis – particularly how to respect Hindus and live peacefully among them without demanding special favors from the ‘secular’ state in the name of religion!
Let’s hope that the JIYO Parsi Program makes a difference and they again start flourishing. (You may also join the JIYO Parsi Program’s efforts on facebook: https://web.facebook.com/jiyoparsi)
8f) POPULATION FEAR IN COLONIAL INDIA
The colonial way to control population of India?!: You may also like to know how the British “ignored” famines in the colonial India as a weapon (instrument) for population management. During the shameful British Raj 30 – 50 million Indians have been estimated to have died in famines in 200 years of colonial plunder.
The post WW-2 years saw Western nations under severe grip of Malthusian population phobia. So much so that aid to the poor countries linked to performance in sterilization targets. In the 1960s, the topic even entered the presidential election in the US when the phrase “population bomb” was coined to depict the fast rising population of the third world countries. You may like to read
8g) KERALA IS UNIQUE: POPULATION CONTROL THROUGH PEOPLE DEVELOPMENT
The tiny state, Kerala, is a unique example of the power of people development; the whole world acknowledges and admires the wonderful culture and society of Kerala. It is also unique in the respect for women; it has the best female/male ratio in the country – 1084 female for every 1000 male as per the 2011 census (highest in the Kunnur District 1136 and the lowest in Idukki district, 1006). Compare it with the national average of 940 females. The next best is way behind; it is Tamil Nadu, 996 female followed closely by Andhra Pradesh with 993 female per 1000 male. Interestingly, the economically prosperous Haryana has the lowest sex ratio, 879 females. What stops our foreign trained scholars of New Delhi to learn from Kerala?
In fact, Kerala can teach a lot, both to India and China about how to look after its people and control the population. In the past 2 decades, neighboring Bangladesh has become another example of how in a short time social development and women empowerment can pull down fertility rates. Its fertility of 2.24 is almost reaching the replacement level of 2.1.
9. GOVERNANCE REFORMS
Every patriotic Indian is feeling the pain looking at the way politician-corporate-bureaucrat nexus has taken control over policy making and distributing country’s resources among themselves. The UPA-II regime glaringly displayed how shamelessly these elites can join hands to fill their personal coffers. Scams involved in the CW games and 2G spectrum and coal block allotments are the most glaring example how country’s natural wealth can be looted. This loot was done in the business-as-usual fashion; therefore no one is ashamed of it.
This is how the corporate world operates around the world – undermining laws of the land and using lawmakers to make laws to promote their business interests. India is among the worst governed countries in the world whose leaders rely on foreign dictates more than sane local voices. This slave mentality has not died even 6 decades after the colonial British left India; on the contrary it has only strengthened. All ills of the nation can be traced only to one thing: Bad Governance.
In fact, lack of accountability at all levels is at the core of bad governance in India and every problem emerges from it – whether Naxal violence, corruption, poverty, or even population. On the Global Integrity Index that measures governance and anti-corruption of nations, India fairs badly. It also points to weak governance due to lack of accountability of politicians and bureaucrats.
The most important governance reforms relate to the electoral processes, police and judiciary, bureaucratic and judicial accountability, and also strengthening grass-root democracy by seriously implementing the PRI and PESA Acts and making caste-based reservations history.
Political reforms and transparency in political funding is at the root of all corruption and bad governance. It particularly creates corruption at the top of the State hierarchy. Simultaneously, two urgent reforms are Police and Judicial Reforms. The police force is still operating in the colonial mindset and sees itself as a protector of rulers from the citizens! Poor and ordinary citizens are particularly vulnerable when they have to deal with the police and seek justice. Indian courts are atrociously slow that makes a mockery of justice. Rich can exploit loopholes in the laws and procedural aspects and can get away with practically anything.
Download the Full Report: Corruption in India
10. RIGHT TO EDUCATION
10a) SARVA SHIKSHA ABHIYAN AND THE RTE ACT, 2009
(Download the full report: Right To Education Act, 2009)
The right to education Act was put into force in 2010. It gave legal right of education to all kids in the age group of 6 – 14. The vehicle for implementation of the RTE is the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA). Since 2010 necessary changes have been made in the rule of the SSA to conform to the RTE requirements.
It is certainly a massive undertaking to cover children even in the remote habitations. But it must be acknowledged that a lot of children began to see schools because of this initiative, they would have never dreamed off otherwise. No doubt, shortage of teachers and quality of education is poor but shall we not celebrate the fact that average enrollment across the country is over 96%. If the government keeps its promise and raise expenditure on education to the tune of 5-6% of GDP, it will have a long term impact on the future generations.
No doubt, critics will keep asking the question: Does Right to Education mean Right to Schooling Only?
However, instead of cynicism it might be more helpful if we also look at the positive side of elementary education in India. And keep improving the delivery.
11. ECONOMIC REFORMS AND LIBERALIZATION
11a) SHIFT FROM SOCIAL DEMOCRACY TO CAPITALISTIC DEMOCRACY
Journey From Socialistic Idealism to Capitalistic Pragmatism
Until the end of 1980s India followed a mixed economy where private and State run industries existed side by side. 1950s and 60’s was the period of high romance with ideals of socialism. Somehow, rich people were seen with suspicion by intellectuals and talking about social justice for poor offered high moral ground. Nehru was a left leaning politician; he was highly impressed with the State planned development by State run companies of the then USSR – the communist bloc. Thus, he started the year of five year planning and planned steel projects to initiate infrastructure development in country systematically impoverished and looted by the British. The development discourse always kept the government at the center – as if government alone can and should do and decide everything. As a result, the private sector found itself under tight license quota system.
Leftist/communist ideals brought labor laws that betrayed the ground realities in which businesses operate and stay profitable. The ‘Datta Samant’ phenomenon in Mumbai correctly sums up the ultra high influence of labor unions in those days. Industrialists were forced to cater to ‘higher ups’ in order to be able to operate their enterprises. It badly discouraged the development of the culture of entrepreneurship – the foundation stone of economic development. Over the period, the State machinery turned into a highly lethargic, corrupt and obstructionist bureaucracy, technocrat run State industries embraced the culture of extreme inefficiency and widespread pilferage, and the private sector remained stifled by all manners of bureaucratic approvals. The only way to keep the business alive was to constantly keep the ‘babus’ happy.
As a result, people born within first 2-3 decades grew up in a highly cynical and pessimistic socio-economic environment – which was ‘high’ only in idealisms of all kinds. Already high population and high population growth rate further added to people’s hardships. Therefore, by the end of 1990, while the communist bloc was falling apart, India also found itself at the verge of bankruptcy. For the first time, India was forced to pledge gold with international lending agencies to get loan – needless to say money came with attached conditions. It started the era of liberalization and dismantling state control underlining the new philosophy that the government should only govern – and put on the robe of businessman.
It marked the end of State led romanticism with socialist/communist ideals and beginning of market led capitalism based on private capital and entrepreneurship. Thus, the process of economic liberalization, privatization and globalization started in 1991. The stock market index became the new barometer of economic development. The government slowly started to loosen the license raj and began exiting from unprofitable ventures and dilute its stake in others. By design, the process is geared towards industrialization and corporatization of India in line with how the Western nations developed, disregarding the peculiar realities of the country – namely, high population, high poverty and high backwardness.
In the new paradigm, poor and ordinary masses ceased to be the focus of economic policies, Instead, now the rich became the target of attention. Like in the developed economies, country’s minerals and natural resources began to be handed over to the rich corporate houses so that they can set up industries and create jobs. They began to receive various incentives to set up industries and simultaneously the farmers and the agriculture sector started to lose subsidies. In fact, subsidy became a dirty word in the new dispensation – seen as mere waste of public funds.
No wonder, thousands of farmers were forced to commit suicide as the state policies ignored them. This process is still going on and farmers’ suicide is no longer ‘breaking news’ in the mainstream media. It has become just a political stick to whip whichever party is in power.
Promoting urbanization and transferring rural folks to cities where they would provide cheap labor to industrial and business houses for growth of GDP is an absurd idea, given the fact that agriculture sector sustains people of rural India. It is also a copy cat idea when Modi talks of ‘smart’ cities – and an offshoot of GDP model of development.
Urbanization, to create pockets of high population, is OK for the Western nations in possession of high technologies but with small population bases. With mechanized farming very few people are needed in agriculture to produce sufficient food grain; the majority survives by offering their labor in the industrial sector.
It is unfortunate that GDP growth alone has become the obsession of the government. It turns people into mere tools of GDP growth – just like paid slaves.
11b) CURSE OF “TRICKLE DOWN” ECONOMY
The liberalization regime brought the unpopular Reagan-Thatcher type “trickle-down” economy into India, initially promoted by the IMF and the WB. It is run by, for and on behalf of the rich elites. It remains directed at the 25-30 percent population living in the urban areas. Rest of the larger India is expected to benefit only from the “trickle-down” effect.
The biggest flaw is that this corporate led economic growth model doesn’t generate enough employment. In fact, it grows the GDP through automation and cutting the work force. But what India needs is around 10-12 million new jobs each year for mostly the unskilled or semi-skilled masses. Between 2005 and 2010, Indian economy only created around 3 million new jobs!
Secondly objection is the rising inequality. This rich-centered “trickle down” economics only serves to concentrate wealth in top few hands and promote inequality which only grows with time. Vast pool of masses have very little to gain in this economic model. According to the latest edition of Oxfam International’s global inequality report titled An Economy For The 99 Percent published in Jan 2017, the richest 1 percent in India owns 58 percent of the country’s wealth. As the myopic ‘economic experts’ gloat over rising number of billionaires in India, the inequality is growing bigger with each passing year. Rising inequality is trapping more and more Indians in poverty; it is also fracturing the society and undermining Indian democracy.
It is, in fact, a global phenomenon. The report also revealed that 7 out of 10 people live in countries that have seen widening inequality in the last 30 years. Furthermore, the report also mentioned that during 1988 – 2011, the incomes of the poorest 10 percent around the world increased by an average of just $65 per year, while those of the richest 1 percent grew by an average of $11,800 a year—182 times as much!
11c) TRIBAL PEOPLE ARE THE WORST VICTIMS
It is a shame that we are displacing innocent and naive tribals from their ancestral lands (where they also act as natural custodians of resources and live in dignity with limited means) and forcing them to migrate to cities to become manual labors for the industry (and lead an exploited life without sense of security or dignity) – all in the name of development.
How about displacing the rich elites from New Delhi and Mumbai and forcing them to repair the ecological mess of mining activities of Vedantas, Tatas, Essars, JPs, and Ruias and clean the pollution of mega thermal power plants?
I think it is time that the “consumers must pay” rule should be changed to “polluters must clean”!!
12. ECONOMIC GROWTH VS DEVELOPMENT
Quite likely, in coming years India will have a much better business environment and a much bigger economy. But again India appears to have lost sight of its unique realities. It appears to have forgotten that it has a huge population (around 1.33 billion in 2017) and around 17 million more gets added each year. Therefore, it needs to generate around 10-12 million new jobs every year – for which around 3-4 million new small or medium business entities must be created annually. Only they are suitable to absorb the low or semi skilled masses of India. They mostly live in rural India and urban slums.
What about large companies? They are important for having high technologies and absorbing people with higher education. They certainly make bigger contribution to the GDP but they use automation to minimize the work force.
In many ways, farmers’ suicide is also connected with the obsession for GDP growth. The government suddenly dumped them because the agricultural sector contributes just around 16% towards country’s GDP. Everyone appears to have become blind that over 50% Indian population lives in the villages and still survives on farming activities.
GDP grows, but not Jobs
However, being a copycat country it merely follows the West. Hence, it is also busy maximizing the GDP in the name of national development. If jobs are created along the way it happens not by design but by default. Look at how out Western educated economists are running the agenda of development.
An expert from the Symphony Technology Group say: Between 2005 and 2012, India’s GDP growth was 54% but its net job growth was only 3%. Only 15 million net new jobs were created. This giant disconnect will worsen in the coming decade. At the assumed annual economic growth rate of 7%, the GDP will double by 2025 but only around 30 million net new jobs – mostly informal, and low-wage ones – will be created.
Here is another report: Citing official data, The Telegraph reported that 1.55 lakh jobs were created in 2015 and 2.31 lakh in 2016.
Of course, our foreign trained economist mullahs have ready answers to justify every problem. It is also fashionable for them to get ‘worried’ at the ‘jobless GDP growth’! Look at some ‘expert’ sound bites, taken from different news reports:
Experts have cited slow growth of capital formation as another reason for unemployment. The Economic Times reported that private sector capital formation grew at a mere two percent in FY17 over FY16.
A Deutsche Bank report said, “Stubborn growth in capital formation tends to put a ceiling on GDP growth and constrain employment creation…”
- Govinda Rao, former member of the Prime Minister’s Economic Advisory Council, toldThe Telegraph that jobless growth “will accelerate as we go along.” “The IT firms have already started shedding workers. We are replacing labour-intensive methods with capital even as we have failed to skill up our workers to take on new challenges or to tap into the new avenues which were created in the global market when Chinese wages went up,”
Away from the academic words of ‘expert mullahs’, a recent Economic Survey pointed to a shift in the pattern of employment from permanent jobs to casual and contract employment. The increasingly “temporary” nature of work, it said, has an “adverse effect” on the level of wages, stability of employment, and employees’ social security. “It also indicates preference by employers away from regular/formal employment to circumvent labor laws.
However, there is nothing in this Survey an ordinary person doesn’t know. Everyone knows how companies play tricks with workers to cut costs and increase owners’ profit. It is the ‘shareholder’ capitalism without ethical face that is the source of all troubles and suffering of ordinary and poor people.
‘Economic Experts’ have No Solution
The doctorate of Dr Manmohan Singh failed to produce 10 million new jobs per year when he was Sonia’s puppet PM of India during 2004-2014. Modi made it a big election issue and won but he also has no idea how to achieve it. Why? Because Modi also listens to the same lot of economists. Just as radical Islamic mullahs know nothing beyond the ‘Holy Book’ the fundamentalists of modern economics can’t think beyond their ‘Holy Textbooks’.
It is understandable if Manmohan Singh could not do it because his doctorate studies did not include topics on job driven economy. But Modi, known for pragmatic and down to earth wisdom, should have known better. Why is his finance minister obsessed with the GDP growth while young graduates are sitting at home? His skill development initiative is close to it, but do youth get the right skill training to start earning with what they learnt? Skill development doesn’t mean tightening more screws for the employer at the lowest wage. But this is precisely how workers are treated by companies.
Two decades ago some sectors of economy used to be reserved for small scale industry – and mechanized mass production was not allowed. Millions are artisans traditionally lived this way. Today, cheap and low quality mass produced Chinese imports (legally or illegally) have taken over that segment. It has taken away the livelihood of tens of millions of skilled Indians across sectors. Just move around the market to see how mass produced cheap Chinese goods have flooded Indian markets and defeated the task of job creation.
GDP is just an economic indicator of world war era. Using it as the sole indicator of national development is an act in self-deception. India is committing this sin because all others are doing it.
13a) WHAT IS WRONG WITH GDP?
Answer: Gross domestic product doesn’t measure people’s wellbeing; it is just an economic number.
The West has historically surrendered the wellbeing f its people to the economists; now it has become a fashion around the world. The development of a nation has several dimensions, but the money obsessed economists reduced it to mere economic growth – measured in terms of the gross domestic product (GDP) which is just the sum total of all market activities.
Their model demands this GDP to grow eternally, quarter after quarter and year after year. It is fueled and sustained by consumerism; in fact, obsessive consumerism. As a consequence, consumption has become the sole yardstick of development. Whenever the GDP becomes sluggish ‘experts’ starts talking of increasing expenditure to stimulate demand. You will never find anyone telling you to save or spend within your financial limits. Practically, every expert mullah of modern economy will only advice you to spend, take credit and spend.
In order to sustain the GDP growth people are increasingly led to become human consumers. This is how humanity is eating away nature’s limited resources with ever increasing speed. Fighting climate change demands cutting carbon emission, which means cutting on consumption. That hurts the GDP growth. That’s why the US has gone out of the Paris climate deal. GDP has become more important than planet’s health! What an insanity!!!
GDP is a Dumb Indicator of Progress
The focus on GDP would not have been so bad if it indicated positive progress. But being an economic number it is made of both good and bad things.
Consider these absurdities of the GDP: Polluting activities increase the GDP because you are forced to spend more money in the clean up. Increasing crimes boost the GDP due to increased expenses on police, security, jails, courts and legal procedures. Wars and conflicts increase expenditure on weapons. Thus, all wasteful, unwanted or unnecessary expenditures boost the GDP. No wonder, we are living in a borrow-and-spend culture of extreme consumerism. It is all about GDP, nothing about you except that you should keep consuming like a pig!
Now consider this scenario.
If you become more self-reliant, the GDP is hurt. For example, if you stop buying fruits and vegetables from the market and start growing them in your backyard, you are hurting the GDP. If you start practicing Yoga daily and become really healthy, then you don’t fall ill frequently. All your health and medical related expenses will go down. It would reduce sales of medical and pharma industries. Again the GDP would take a plunge. Now imagine that somehow people become very peace loving so that all crimes stop. It would immediately make all expenditure on police, jail and vigilance unnecessary; the GDP would go down.
But isn’t this the direction we should be heading? But are we?
Actually we are moving in the opposite direction. Just look at the ever increasing expenditure on weapons and medical care – despite so much technological advances!
Did you know that the WW2 actually helped the US come out of the deep economic recession of the early 1930s.
Economics is the prime reason why the American “war against terror” has become a ‘permanent’ war. They went to Afghanistan in 2001 and are still there. Now Trump wants to intensify it further to eliminate Pak promoted terror groups hitting Afghanistan. Iraq was invaded in 2003 to oust Saddam on a false pretext; they are still there. Along the way, a severe economic down turn came in 2008-09 which cost an enormous amount in the bail-outs. Now the US is gearing for a military conflict in North Korea. The powerful global arms industry needs regular conflicts and wars to market its state-of-the-art weaponry and advance its R&D.
Low quality Chinese mass production poses a much serious threat to environment than the same goods with higher quality that last longer. Look at North Korea; its GDP comes primarily from weapon transactions while people remain trapped in poverty.
Therefore, the GDP is all about deception that leaders prefer. It is my understanding that the developed Western economies have largely reached a kind of stagnation so that further GDP growth barely adds further value to people’s life. Hence, the US and its allies will increasingly look for conflicts and wars around the world in order to prop up their economies.
India’s development should revolve around people, not economy which is just a tool to make people’s life better. India must change the course of development by making its economy people and job centric. However, it must first select a more suitable indicator of development.
You may like to read: Development should focus on people, not economy.
Here are three development models that can provide more realistic measure of growth in people’s wellbeing.
12a-1) Social Progress Indicator (SPI)
Wellbeing of people is better linked to social progress, rather than economic parameters. Thus, if right social parameters are measured, they will guide the economic development in the right direction, setting a virtuous cycle.
Social Progress Indicator (SPI) is an attempt in that direction. It provides a holistic, objective and outcome based measure of society’s wellbeing, independent of economic indicators. It checks the social progress alongside the GDP, for a country’s performance.
The SPI checks the three dimensions of social progress: Basic Human Needs, Foundations of Wellbeing, and Opportunity. Each dimension is made up of four equally weighted individual components. Incidentally, the United Nations has also identified three pillars on which the post- 2015 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) must rest: economic, social and environmental.
These three dimensions of the SPI roughly mirror the progression that most communities and societies go through in achieving higher and higher levels of social progress. The model draws heavily on previous literature, notably the capability approach pioneered by Amartya Sen, which emphasizes the multidimensional nature of wellbeing and the importance of freedom of choice.
The 2014 SPI analysis reveals striking differences across nations and highlights their weaknesses and strengths. In the 132 countries rated, India is placed at 102nd , Bangladesh at 99th and Pakistan at 124th. Top position went to New Zealand.
Paraguay recently adopted the SPI as its official measure of progress.
12a-2) The Human Development (HD) Approach
Since 1990, the annual Human Development Reports (HDR) of the UNDP have been promoting the idea of human development (HD) which is a people focused comprehensive development model. Commonsense also demands that people and their well-being should be the focus of development, not economy.
The HD perspective puts people at the center of development. The idea of human development revolves around the basic theme: “People are the real wealth of a nation.” Thus, the prime objective of development is to create an enabling environment for people to live long, healthy and creative life, as stated in the first HDR published in 1990. This is a remarkable paradigm shift in thinking about the poor; it sees poverty as lack of development.
Incidentally, the foundation of the HD perspective came from Amartya Sen’s capability theory of development. Sen argues that the purpose of development is to enrich human lives, not richness of economy which is only a part of it.
12a-3) Why India should Learn from Bhutan?
Bhutan’s development paradigm is certainly the most humane and considers all aspects of human life – it goes to the extent of considering spirituality and cultural recreation along with the environmental health. Bhutan is the only country in the world that does not use GDP as a measure of progress; instead it uses what it calls the gross national happiness (GNH).
Way back in the 1970s its king declared that “Gross National Happiness (GNH) is more important than Gross National Product (GDP).” Therefore, Bhutan’s state policies are not made purely from the monetary or economic angle, as in rest of the world.
While Western leaders merely talk about worsening climate and decaying environment and shy away when it comes to taking concrete steps for fear of hurting their economies, this tiny Himalayan country of only 750,000 people stands out as a lone voice of sanity. While experts are busy dreaming of having a sustainable development model, but this tiny kingdom is already doing it; and it is doing so mandated by its Constitution!
But the Western development experts shy away from endorsing it because the model is not black and white like economic numbers. However, mere reading about Bhutan and its GNH ideology is highly refreshing when one looks at the madness of the greedy material world.
13. GLOBAL WARMING
2014 is now officially the hottest year recorded in human history; and remember, it was a record set without the presence of El Nino. More bad news: 2015 is going to be hotter still! And currently it is only 0.85 degree increase over the pre-industrialization era. If we keep doing what you are doing now, climate will only get worse.
Almost daily sudden and harsh climatic events hit some part of the world – but TRP worried and corporate controlled news media blacks it out and continues to promote ‘consumerism’ and business-as-usual mindset through highly paid commercials.
Scientists have been long warning that if planet’s temperature rises over 2 degree Celsius by 2100, above the pre-industrial levels 2 centuries ago, earth’s climatic conditions would get catastrophic and irreversible. In fact, low lying and vulnerable island countries would want global temperature rise to be restricted to 1.5 degrees. But their demand was dropped by the dominant developed world in 2009 itself in the climate discussions in Copenhagen.
According to Professor James Hansen even a 2 ˚C rise will cause “major dislocations for civilization”. So what is at stake is the human civilization which is certainly not a trivial issue. Therefore, global warming should not be reduced to a casual coffee house topic.
As a result, in 2015, world crossed the 400 parts per million (ppm) of CO2 mark and still climbing – it was 325 ppm in 1970. Over the past decade, much has been talked about peaking it between 2015 and 2020. Yet, even towards the end of 2015 it is still a pipe-dream and is likely to remain so – realistically speaking. It doesn’t help when self-declared pseudo-experts from the rich nations claim: “We underestimated the risks… we underestimated the damage associated with the temperature increases… and we underestimated the probabilities of temperature increases”.
13a) WRONG CONCEPT OF ‘DEVELOPMENT’
Global warming is un-refutable “proof” of many things wrong in our environmentally and ecologically blind lifestyle. In many ways, it is a direct consequence of allowing industrial revolution to go too far – unmindful of how it is polluting the environment. Adoption of GDP as the basic measure of ‘development’ after the WW2 and blind pursuit of ‘consumerism’ to sustain the GDP growth made matters worse. It promoted an ecologically and environmentally blind lifestyle in the West. As the fad for this resource guzzling lifestyle started spreading around the world and GDP growth became the only metric of ‘development’, the environment took the hardest hit by greenhouse gases.
As a result, in 2015, world crossed the 400 parts per million (ppm) of CO2 mark and still climbing – it was 325 ppm in 1970. Over the past decade, much has been talked about peaking it between 2015 and 2020. Yet, even towards the end of 2015 it is still a pipe-dream and is likely to remain so – realistically speaking. It doesn’t help when self-declared pseudo-experts from the rich nations claim: “We underestimated the risks… we underestimated the damage associated with the temperature increases… and we underestimated the probabilities of temperature increases”.
What if the current business-as-usual greenhouse gas emission is allowed to continue?
The World Bank’s 2013 report, Turn Down the Heat, predicted that unless drastic policy decisions are taken the average global temperature will rise by 4 ˚C by the end of the century. Pricewaterhouse Coopers also predicts 4 degree rise. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA) we are heading for a 6 degree warmer world if we do nothing.
13b) CAN THE WORLD STAY WITHIN 2 ˚C SCENARIO (2DS)?
Ahead of the Paris conference, 146 countries have made pledges to cut their emissions (in the UN language it is called Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC)) from 2020. For instance, India has committed itself to reducing carbon intensity of its GDP by 33-35% by 2030 (compared with 2005 levels) – largely through energy efficiency and adding up to 250 GW solar power.
China intends to peak its emissions by 2030. The EU is committing to cut its emissions by 40%, compared with 1990 levels, by 2030. The US has expressed to cut its emissions by 26% to 28%, compared with 2005 levels, by 2025 (but the US Congress is unlikely to approve any such thing, as it did with the Kyoto Protocol).
What is funny is that most countries including China, Japan and Germany will be also adding fossil fuel fired power plants. Russia will be expanding its industrial base – thus, has to expand energy base also. Therefore, the INDC numbers hide more than they reveal.
Clearly, environment experts are not amused by these commitments. They estimate that even if these pledges are fully honored (which will be nothing short of a miracle!), earth would still be warmer by 2.7 degree Celsius by 2100. Moreover, given the past behavior of big polluters particularly the US which never became part of previous global efforts to cut emissions, they remain highly concerned about safety of human civilization.
International Energy Agency (IEA) estimates that in order to achieve the 2DS scenario the C intensity of primary energy and energy intensity of GDP both have to be reduced by around 60% by 2050 compared with today. It means speeding up reduction in global energy requirement for development – from current 1.1% to 2.6% by 2050. The biggest challenge lies in reducing the global carbon intensity of electricity by more than 90%.
Scientists have calculated that in order to stay below 2DS only 565 more gigatons of carbon dioxide can be emitted by 2050. But oil companies have five times more reserves. A Nature report speculated that for containing global warming below 2 degrees temperature rise at least 82% of fossil reserves must remain in the ground.
Therefore, the vital goal of Paris climate summit or COP21 (of December 2015) will be to have countries agree to much deeper emission cuts and arrive at some mechanism to bind them to their pledges.
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12C) MAJOR DISAGREEMENT
The block of developing countries has been maintaining all along that for the atmospheric CO2 problem, the fault squarely lies with the industrialized nations who became rich before other nations by burning fossil fuels to power their industrial development. Therefore, prime responsibility for drastic emission cuts lies with developed nations.
Besides, they want the so-called ‘developed’ nations to finance their mitigation efforts through a Green Climate Fund. It has been agreed few years ago that a corpus of USD 20-30 billion would be set up immediately which would increase to at least USD 100 billion a year by 2020. But it is just a pipe dream – so far less than a billion dollar has been pledged to it.
Of course, the so-called ‘developed’ nations want to evade their ‘historic’ responsibility both for cutting emissions and contributing to the Green Fund for under developed nations.
What makes the rich nations so arrogant is the simple fact: a New Yorker, a Londoner or a Berliner has more protective resources than a poor Bangladeshi, Nigerian or a Nepali. Of course, they won’t remain safe for long as climate change worsens in the future.
Moreover, they are more interested in waging wars and picking up conflicts around the world as a way to sustain their hegemony and to prop up ‘GDP growth’ when economy slackens. Fighting global poverty or global warming don’t make much economic sense for them.
12d) THE UNITED STATES OUT OF THE PARIS CLIMATE TREATY
If the UK is past superpower Trump symbolizes the US’s downward journey past its peak. It is no longer confident of leading world without hurting its interests. Well, everything that goes up must come down! The Brexit and Trump both reflect transition from globalization to nationalism.
Being a country run by the rich for the rich, it is no surprise if Donald trump wants his country out of the Paris climate treaty. When he says ‘America First’ he sums up everything he can stand. He is truthful because he knows he can’t say ‘World First.’ His sentiments must be respected, at least for honesty. Needless to say, once the US breaks the rule other so-called ‘developed’ nations would not remain ‘climatically responsible’ for long. They would discover innovative excuses to ‘excuse’ themselves!
Therefore, let’s not take international ‘climate talk shows’ too seriously. Instead, celebrate life as long as climatic disasters allow us to live!
Americans love to wage wars because wars make business sense; wars push GDP. They have been waging the ‘war on terror’ in Afghanistan ever since 2001. As he threatens Pakistan against sheltering terrorists and talks of putting it the list of terror promoting nations, the war on terror is likely to continue in the years to come. They went to Iraq in 2003 and are still there. Saddam is long gone but Americans justify their presence by chasing the ISIS fugitives. Along the way they also entered Syria running behind the ISIS. When there is nothing else they threaten the Syrian President because he likes the Russians. In fact, they appear to be busy everywhere in the Middle East. Bad habits die hard!
Now Mr Trump is threatening to back off from the Iran nuclear deal because it hurts American interests and is perhaps preparing the ground for invading North Korea to hunt down its ‘rocket man’! But it is a dangerous proposition because the mad dictator is sitting on nuclear weapons and considers his country bigger than the US!
It seems like good times are waiting for the global weapon manufacturers. They must prepare to celebrate Diwali soon!
14. RENEWABLE ENERGY – SOLAR ENERGY
Solar is the Future of India !
As the Pie chart shows, coal power dominates the power sector with 59% share. Renewable sources contribute just 13% or 33 GW: 22 GW from wind, 3 GW from solar energy and the rest from small hydro and biomass projects.
Recently, the Modi government has launched an ambitious plan for creating 100 GW solar and 55 GW wind capacities by 2022, apart from saving 20 GW power through energy efficient means. Besides its commitment to provide “Power for All” by 2019, Indian government has to also meet its future international commitment to reduce GHG emissions, although the framework of the agreement is currently under negotiations. Therefore, India must focus on renewables, particularly the solar power given abundance of sunlight throughout the country.
At present, Gujarat (929 MW) tops in solar power generation. It is the only state with more than 1% solar power in its energy mix. Other dominant states are Rajasthan (840 MW), Madhya Pradesh (354 MW), Maharashtra (287 MW) and Andhra Pradesh (235 MW). However, these states are catching up quite fast and bigger capacities are lined up for installation in 2015-16.
14a) GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES TO PUSH SOLAR POWER
Government’s ambitious plan to add 100 GW solar capacity in next 7 years means facilitating the land acquisition process, bringing more clarity to solar policies, taking steps to streamline and upgrade the existing power infrastructure and speed up creation of the ‘green energy corridor’ and arranging developer friendly financial assistance. In order to involve all states in renewable energy generation, it is also expected to come up with Renewable Generation Obligation (RGO) for the states.
For solar projects, 1 MW generation requires about 5 acres of land. Were India to install all its 100 GW capacity in the form of a big “solar farm”, it would require around 500,000 acres of land – three times the current size of the Mumbai metropolitan area.
Taking cue from the Charanka solar park in Gujarat, the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has announced a scheme to develop at least 25 solar parks (each with capacity 500 MW or up) and Ultra Mega Solar Power Projects (UMSPP) (they are mega projects 500 MW or above), in next five years, across the country. Other renewable projects and manufacturing will also be allowed in solar parks.
Smaller parks could also be considered under the scheme in Himalayan states where availability of large tracts of contiguous land may be difficult and in States where there is acute shortage of non-agricultural lands.
If 100 GW solar power is created from a single mega “solar farm”, it would require around 500,000 acres of land – three times the current size of the Mumbai metropolitan area.
14b) REGULATORY CHANGES TO REVIVE THE FAILED REC MECHANISM
The market driven renewable energy certificate (REC) model for solar power projects has failed due to non-enforcement of the renewable purchase obligations (RPOs) – imposed on certain entities like the discoms who must buy a certain percentage of renewable power.
Now in order to revive the REC market, the regulator is taking some remedial steps.
- It lowered the price band of solar RECs from INR 9300 – 13500 to INR 3500 – 5800.
- It is planning to enforce the RPOs strictly.
- It will rationalize the ‘open access’ charges so that the independent PPAs from a solar project over open access could be cost competitive with coal.
Bookmark this blog for useful articles on solar energy: Living on Solar Power
15. SIGNIFICANT POLITICAL DEVELOPMENTS
15a) THE REAL SIGNIFICANCE OF 2014 FOR INDIAN POLITICS!
End of Coalition Era
By all means the year 2014 will go down the history of free India. It will be remembered for changing the political discourse in the history of free India. A non-Congress party got absolute majority at the Center. The Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) bagged 282 seats (of the total 534) and installed charismatic Narendra Modi as the prime minister. Much credit goes to the political acumen of Amit Shah who pulled 73 seat out of 81 in UP without which BJP would not have reached the half way (272) mark. He is clearly seen as the modern day Chanakya of Hindustan.
End of coalition also sent into oblivion the political power brokers such as Mulayam Singh, Laloo Yadav, Mayawati, Mamata Banerjee, Karunanidhi, Sharad Pawar and their likes. They are all Muslim appeasing fake-seculars and divisive politicians. With just handful of MPs they had been dictating the fate and functioning of coalition governments for almost 3 decades. The common man and his interest has almost cease to matter, except for their votes.
It was a long awaited and badly needed course correction of country’s governance that revolved around the Congress Party since 1947 when the colonial British transferred power to it. Leaving aside the brief interruptions, it was largely a one family rule in the democratic India with over 1.25 billion citizens. Blame squarely goes to servile Congress politicians who can’t run the party affairs without blessings of Indira family. They have caused a serious distortion in the Indian democracy. No one knows when this party would try to seek ‘freedom’ from this ‘royal’ family!
Fall of the Most Corrupt Government
It also removed the most incompetent and corrupt government since independence. The 10 years of Manmohan Singh as PM were the most unusual and demeaning governance free India has seen. Hiding behind him, the actual power was wielded by Congress supremo Italy born power hungry Sonia and her yet-to-mature son. Her superficial knowledge of India and sub-mediocre advisors has left the country feeling badly helpless and powerless. She showed no remorse or introspection while India was bleeding with scam after scam – as if she had literally decided to throw the country to “dogs.”
Demise of her incompetent rule in 2014 gave India and all its proud and nationalist citizens a deep sigh of relief. A question all Indians have in mind:
When would India change the law to allow ONLY naturally born Indian citizens with naturally born Indian parents to get into its Parliament?
Big Blow to the Communal Politics of Pseudo-Secular Politicians
Arrival of the BJP government marked end of ‘Muslim appeasement’ politics which has become the central theme of politics as well as governance in India since its independence. Gulf funds and radical Mullahs had created such an atmosphere that most political experts have come to believe that you can’t win elections without appeasing the Muslims. Thus, a deep rooted phony culture has developed where a politician must display a sham comradry with radical clerics.
Thus, when Arvind Kejrival wanted to appear ‘secular’ he visited an extremist Muslim cleric and proudly donned a skull cap. Of course, a photo with skull cap in the media did the rest – and Kejrival became a certified secular! When Modi refused to follow this superficial cult and did not wear a skull cap, he was vehemently criticized as anti-Muslim and “Communal” Hindu. Such statements are another trick to ‘appear’ secular.
For these ‘secular’ clowns of Indian politics, Yoga is communal and Ramzan is secular; the Kashmiri Hindu massacre and 1993 Mumbai serial blasts are non-issues. When the ‘virus’ of secularism got into the brain of Congressi sycophant Digvijay Singh, and caused ‘secular’ brain cancer he started blurting: …the 26/11 Mumbai terror attack was the handiwork of RSS, not Pak trained Jihadi killers! It means Kasab was only performing his religious duty of killing Hindu Kafir. His buddies – Chidambaram and Sushil Shinde – started tarnishing Hindus by inventing ‘saffron terror’ when they conspired to let go of arrested Pak suspects of Samjhauta Express blast recently revealed by Times Now News Channel).
In reality, India’s ossified brain ‘secularists’ are as irrational and disruptive as the Islamic Jihadis! They are reminders of ‘Jai Chands’ of Indian history.
As Modi became the PM in 2014, this highly powerful lobby started spreading sinister rumors to instill insecurity among Muslims and Christians (two privileged minorities of India). Such brainless and malicious propaganda against 100 crore Hindus (on whose tolerance and peace-loving life philosophy so many diverse communities have been thriving in Indian democracy) on their own ancient land is nothing but an example of how people with alien software in their brains are enjoying irresponsible freedom in India. Just think, what would be India without Hindus? A Hell like Pakistan, ridden with all manners of violent Islamic jehadis.
This whole lot of anti-Hindu (even anti-India) mindset got vividly exposed recently when 1993 Mumbai serial blast conspirator Yakub was hanged on July 30, 2015. Ordinary Indians were aghast in disbelief and shame to see these fake ‘Seculars’ get united to save a convicted anti-national terrorist simply because he was a Muslim!
They all ignored the demise of the Real Hero ‘people’s president’ Kalam and Gurdaspur martyr SP Baljit Singh, and massive floods in half of India where Indian army was heroically saving people’s life. Such is the power of Islamic lobby in India – which the world expects to behave as Hindu nation!
The “surgical strike” in Pakistan, in response to Sept 18, 2016 attack on Indian army by Pak infiltrators that took lives of 19 soldiers, also sent cold shivers down their spines! Paradoxical but true. No wonder, global Islamic extremists find their sympathizers in India’s fake secularists.
Arrival of an Assertive PM Who Knows India Well
After Bajpai’s rule, Indians now again feel that they are governed by leaders of a party that knows India, its people and culture well. Arrival of Modi brought sense of assurance and security among ordinary Indians, particularly 100 Hindus that they don’t have to put up with divisive nonsense of self declared ‘seculars’.
Modi has already proved that he stands much above all in the political landscape of the country. His almost mythical performances outside India and decisive handling of Pakistan and China makes Indians proud that they now have a world class leader – in fact, even his detractors agree that he has all the qualities of a true global statesman.
15b WIDER CONSPIRACY AGAINST MODI GOVERNMENT
Awed by Modi’s acceptance everywhere, the pro-Muslim phony ‘seculars’ are highly worried about their political survival. Thus, they are desperately looking for ways to malign Modi, BJP and Hindus.
First it was the Award Wapsi’ drama of fake intellectuals before Bihar election was managed from behind the scene by Sonia Congressis and out-dated Leftist intellectuals. Over 200 awards were returned in protest against Intolerance of Hindus of India – on whose tolerance Indian democracy is thriving and where they played this drama !! No need to guess the funding – it comes from the global Islamic lobby, in active association with Pak’s ISI. I am not sure if anyone of these award ‘returnee’ will ever draw a cartoon of the Prophet in front of Delhi’s Jama Masjid to get a taste of what intolerance really is!
Now as 2019 is approaching the ‘seculars’ are getting nightmare. So, they are acting frantically. Purely caste politician Mayawati quit from Rajya Sabha – it means potential caste conflicts on the roads in the future. How else can she remain relevant and regain the lost political ground.
Laloo and his family have to worry about threat to their 1000 crore empire apart from the very real threat of landing in jail and political annihilation. Loss of power in Bihar and formation of BJP-JDU government has given them a severe jolt. His political relevance also depends upon chaos in Bihar.
Yes, Modi and Hindus don’t like the ‘minority appeasement’ politics or glorification of Islamic traitors on their ancient land.
15c 2017 ASSEMBLY ELECTIONS
The BJP got impressive majorities in UP and Uttarakhand and formed governments in Goa and Manipur also. Punjab chose the Congress, since the Akalis had shamelessly turned the state into a “drug-state”.
In UP, the BJP victory is actually a decisive defeat of fake and deceptive ‘secularism’ of the Congress-SP-BSP brigade, in fashion for decades. Over all, the Hindu hater Mayawati’s BSP won just 19 seats and the Mulla-yam’s family owned SP got limited to 48. Congress Prince Rahul achieved another brilliant mile-stone, by winning just 7 seats!!
Muslims of UP exposed the dirty campaign of SP-BSP-Congress combine against Modi, BJP and Hindus. Of the 124 assembly seats with Muslim population over 20% the BJP won 99!! Even in the 2014 LS election, it was leading in 109 of these segments. The BSP fielded 100 Muslim candidates, as part of the usual appeasement politics; only 7 won.
After 2017 assembly elections, the BJP and allies rule in 14 states with 58% Indian population; Sonia’s kitchen Congress is in power in 7 states (8% population). Let us see how badly it fails in Karnataka in 2018. It is something really wonderful for the nation.
Now BJP’s numbers in the Rajya Sabha will improve significantly, easing the passage of important bills. This the real importance of winning UP assembly polls !!! Let’s see in what disruptive manner Sonia and her carbon copies behave in parliament now.
In Delhi, municipal elections re-elected BJP in all three municipalities – reducing arrogant AAP’s vote share to half compared to what it got in assembly poll. It also turned AAP leaders destructive – self destructive like the Islamic suicide bombers!
AAP on Suicide Mission!!
Modi wave (or hurricane) in the 2017 assembly elections has left all opposition leaders running for cover (excuses!). Blaming EVM emerged as the latest ‘secular’ fashion!! AAP is so startled that its usual infighting has taken the shape of a “suicide mission”, with just sacked minister, Kapil Mishra, openly accusing Kejriwal of accepting bribe. He went to the anti-corruption bureau to pass on the ‘proofs’ of Kejriwal and other top leaders’ wrong doing. Delhi-ites are skeptical and are waiting to write obituary for AAP!
15d LALOO’S CORRUPTION KILLED HIS OWN GOVERNMENT AND INSTALLED NDA – JDU !!
In the Bihar election, Modi bungled and the opportunist ‘seculars’ Mahagathbandhan came to power. Now Laloo returned the favor! ED and CBI raids on so many premises of his family members made Nitish highly uneasy. And suddenly, he decided to come back to NDA fold. Now Bihar has a JDU-NDA government – clock turned 4 year back!
Now the development agenda will go smoothly, without the nuisance of Laloo family’s corruption deeds coming in the way.
Laloo in India and Nawaj Shareef of Pakistan have a lot in common. Both are business tycoons in the ‘politics industry’ of their countries! Their business style is strikingly similar. Unfortunately for them, however, what they do comes under what is called money laundering. For both it is a family business.
15e INDIA-CHINA BORDER CONFLICT
The ongoing tension over control of Dokalam area in Sikkim is the worst crisis since the 1962 war. It primarily reflects Chinese worry about resurgent India under Modi who is already recognized as a visionary global leader. The Chinese aggression against Bhutan also reflects a serious miscalculation on the part of China. It badly failed to note the changed current ground realities. Since 2014, India is in control of people who are proudly nationalists and determined to protect national interest at any cost. If sanity prevails, China would not go beyond verbal acrobatics and soon find some face saving option.
‘Rise of Hindu Nationalism’ which the Chinese blamed for the current tension is revealing. Putting it bluntly: who should be afraid of rising Hindu nationalism? Pakistan and China surely don’t want to see a strong India. Inside India also there is a strong lobby that hates the word ‘nationalism’ or Hindu upsurge – the so-called ‘seculars’ and their sympathizers. These creatures represent the weakest spot inside India; their presence is quite comforting to both Pakistan and China.
When China blamed ‘rise of Hindu Nationalism’ for border tension it revealed a serious dimension and potential trigger.
Just days before these statements, the Congress Party crown king Rahul Gandhi had visited the Chinese embassy without first learning about Indian stand from the foreign affairs ministry. His office first denied and then confirmed his visit after he proudly declared that he visited Chinese embassy. There was another photo in the media where he, his sister and brother in law are seen with the Chinese ambassador. This loose cannon of Indian politics and his coterie are known for their anti-Hindu stance and total disconnection from Indian culture.
Couple of years ago, this privileged political tourist went to the US embassy to promote his fictional theory that ‘Hindu extremists are bigger threat to India than Islamic terrorists’. It was a time when his other anti-Hindu party men like Chidamabaram and Sushil Shinde were trying to spread rumors of ‘saffron terror’, even in the parliament. News channel TIMES NOW recently revealed how, after the Samjhauta Express blast in 2008, Sonia’s UPA government let go of Pak nationals arrested by authorities and tried to cook up ‘saffron terror’ for the incidence. These are worrisome incidents; such politicians can easily jeopardise national security. Their presence is a delight for India’s enemies particularly in Pakistan and China.
As the US is distancing itself from Pakistan over its unwillingness to stop supporting Islamic terrorists targeting Afghanistan, Pakistan is steadily falling in China’s lap. China would not only happily make up for loss of US dollars, it will surely start to using Pak and its terror machinery against India. Additionally, the Maoists violence in India has automatic ideological approval of China.
Three years of Modi government has positively influenced people of India – cutting across the usual caste and religious divide of so-called ‘sickular’ politicians.
Demonetization of large notes and stand against “triple talaq” in the Supreme Court have highly endeared Modi among the poor masses (who have remained exploited by the caste and communal politicians thus far) and Muslim women (who remain oppressed by backward looking Mullahs). This must be seen as true national integration. The GST is expected to further integrate the nation and turn it into one coherent market.
Although Pakistan is the sworn enemy of India, but the biggest threat to India comes from within – from the divisive thinking of so-called ‘secular’ politicians who get their secular certificate from the radical mullahs. Even the media has pseudo intellectuals who subscribe to this Congress culture. But this appeasement politics is weakening as the BJP gets rooted firmly nationwide.