India – the biggest democracy in the world – is going through a lot of changes and turmoil, due to both forces from within and outside. As a country, it is unparalleled in its diversity – cultural, religious, social, and economical. In fact, politically as well: China might have discarded Mao long ago but India still battles to root out Maoists (called Naxalites) entrenched in its tribal belt called the ‘Red Corridor’! Indian diversity is really mind boggling. Watching Muslims carving out a sovereign Pakistan in 1947 and creation of unified India by merging 565 tiny kingdoms, the world was not sure how long India would stay intact without any more division. Even the colonial British thought that India would further fragment in coming years. But time proved them all wrong! In fact, there is no other nation in the world with such unbelievable cluster of diversity. Questioning their wisdom, diverse India is still going strong at 70 while the mono-cultural Pakistan broke in 1971! The unity of 1330 million Indians is firmly rooted in the life philosophy of 1100 million Hindus – which also accommodates 230 million ex-Hindus (who now call themselves Muslims or Christians), despite their shoddy ‘politics of conversion’ in the name of ‘religious freedom’.! [Explore: India’s ‘Unity in Diversity’ is Unique in the World!]
Despite the so-called independence in 1947 from the British rule India has not been able to shed the elements of colonial style governance and thinking even now. The answer lies in the manner India got independence.
Freedom from the colonial rule on 15th August 1947 was a pre-negotiated deal – in fact, a very bad and imperfect deal – creation of a separate nation, Pakistan for the Muslims. Thus, Pakistan became a symbol of Islamic separatism in 1947. It is the only country in the world founded on religious ground, leaving aside the Vatican which is just symbolic. The funny thing is that the separatist Mohammad Ali Jinnah (with a Parsee wife and a lifestyle, anything but Islamic) talked of treating all religions equally in Pakistan!! Being just a namesake Muslim, he clearly failed to understand his own faith. The process of partition started with massive migration of Hindus from Pakistan and vice versa, and Hindu-Muslim clashes with heavy loss of life on each side. Reflecting the imperfect division, the parent India with 88 percent Hindu population remained saddled with a large Muslim population, almost as large as Pakistan (and forming 9.8 percent of Indian population, which increased to 14.2 percent in 2011).
Power got transferred from the White British to the Brown British headed by Jinnah in Pakistan and to Nehru in India. As a result, in India the traditions and culture of governance remained largely colonial. For example, it still runs a colonial style education system as if to prepare clerks for the brown colonial masters! There are still several outdated colonial era laws in effect.
Mahatma Gandhi had advised dissolution of the Indian National Congress and forming two parties each headed by Sardar Patel and Nehru so that Indian democracy gets grounded on healthy roots. But power hungry Congressis did not heed his advice. As a result, Congress Party ruled almost unopposed for around half century that badly distorted political environment of the country.
Within weeks of independence, Pak army along with Muslim tribals attacked the Kashmir province ruled by Raja Hari Singh to annex it. In defense, Hari Singh signed accession treaty with India and Indian troops arrived to defend Kashmir. Soon the Pak army and its tribal buddies were on the run and the Indian army was advancing speedily to secure the entire J&K territory. However, ignoring Sardar Patel Nehru suddenly halted the advancing Indian troops and went to the UN to complain about Pak aggression. It was a serious misunderstanding of the Muslim psych; country is still paying dearly for his naivety. Had Nehru showed pragmatism, the entire J&K would have been under Indian control. He also failed to show right pragmatic understanding of International relations in 1962 when the Chinese suddenly attacked India and grabbed vast territory.
His daughter, Indira, who laid the firm foundation of dynastic rule, lost another golden chance to permanently solve the Kashmir dispute when, after winning the Bangladesh war of 1971, India had 93000 Pak troops as prisoners-of-war and 5000 sq km of Punjab of the West Pakistan under its belt. She gave away everything under the Shimla agreement in 1972 after a midnight emotional drama and ‘mere verbal’ assurances of maverick Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Given her penchant for Muslim appeasement politics she too failed to read the Muslim psych like her father. Even in 2017, India is still paying a heavy price for her folly in Kashmir. It is another story that manipulative Bhutto paid with his life couple of years later, for the dirty power game he played with Pak military generals – reminiscent of typical Mughal Islamic culture in Pakistan.
After the 1971 victory, Indira Gandhi turned dictatorial and when a High Court judgment disqualified her election to Lok Sabha she imposed Emergency Rule in 1975. The 25 months of Emergency rule was easily the darkest period in the history of independent India for two reasons. One: it was an attack on democracy and two: her son, (now late) Sanjay Gandhi with no formal authority, played havoc with lives of poor people through mass scale forced sterilization – in his misplaced zeal to implement family planning to curb population growth. An important factor that made her realize her stupidity was the organized resistance from Rashtirya Svaymsevak Sangh (RSS). Since it was founded in 1924, RSS has been inculcating the traits of patriotism and discipline among people. Contrary to Congress propaganda, it is an organization open to all Indians – regardless of their faith or religion. Unlike the divisive Indian Muslim League that was founded a year later in 1925, the nationalistic spirit of RSS attracts every thinking Indian who wants to stay connected with his ancient cultural roots. Therefore, even ex-Hindus (Muslim and Christians) join the RSS and take pride in the culture of their Hindus ancestors who were forced to convert for survival.
Curse of Appeasement Politics & Fake Secularism
Indira’s Congress Party is also squarely responsible for another serious distortion in Indian politics – Muslim appeasement politics. Rather than integrating the highly diverse Indian society divided along numerous caste, language, region and religion into one national mainstream, it created yet another fissure in Indian society – the minority-majority divide. It was a reflection of disproportionately high clout of Muslim and Christian communities (all ex-Hindus). The label ‘minority’ reflected the privileged political status of ‘Muslims’ and ‘Christians’ – depending upon the place and situation. In 1976, Indira inserted the word ‘secularism’ in the Constitution to provide yet another deceptive cover to “appeasement” politics.
Thus, the Congress party degenerated ‘minorities’ into a “vote bank” and turned them into a standard election winning gimmick. In practical terms, it only means placating the Muslim or Christian clergy whose dictate swings the respective vote banks. Its Muslim-focused policies and funds hardly ever benefited the targeted people and the mullah controlled ‘vote bank’ remained where it was – ghettoed in poverty and backwardness. Isolationism and the mindset of seeing Hindus through disparaging labels like kafir and idolaters inherent in the Islamic ideology kept them generally segregated as a ‘vote bank’ bloc. The ‘virus’ of appeasement soon spread to other politicians and parties; even today the non-BJP politicians go to Muslim clerics for their ‘secular’ certificate!
This cult of appeasement was perhaps at its zenith during 1970s and 1980s. It was as if the only way to rule India is to bow before the radical Muslim clergy and pamper them. The Shah Bano case of mid 1980s glaringly exposed this divisive ideology when the Congress government went to the extent of amending the Indian Constitution to placate the agitating maulvis whose Islam starts shaking with any progressive idea of the modern world. Other than the stuck-brained maulvis, it left the whole country and the civil society seething in anger and disgust when they saw the Rajiv Gandhi led Congress government squandering a golden chance to bring dignity and security in the lives of Muslim women – traditionally treated like personal commodity owned by the men. The spineless Congressis also failed to protect lakhs of Kashmiri Hindus when jihadi terrorists forced them to move out of the valley.
As this oldest political party of India fell in the hands of power hungry but rootless and visionless Sonia, reflecting her superficial understanding of the psyche of Hindu society, the ‘Muslim appeasement’ politics changed from “ignore-Hindu” mindset to “anti-Hindu” diatribe. This is best exemplified by her sub-mediocre son and one of his mentors Digvijay Singh who appear ever ready to become nucleus for anti-Hindu or pro- radical Islamic forces. Today when someone talks of secularism in India, eye brows get raised. People begin to anticipate some kind of malign-Hindu posturing. These ‘secularists’ often also pose off as liberals and take pride in ridiculing patriotism and nationalism. Some from Congress Party’s dirty brigade, like Sandip Dixit (privileged son of ex-Delhi CM), have no shame in even deriding Indian army or its chief. This is the liberalism of Sonia Congress Private Limited, foolishly called Indian National Congress!!
Today, this fake secularism is the biggest threat to country’s integrity – bigger than Pak sponsored Islamic terrorism or naxal/Maoist violence. The secular-mullah nexus has badly eroded the communal harmony in free India over the decades. This comradery on India’s political landscape, however, is a delight for global anti-India forces led by Pakistan’s ISI, the ISIS, Al Qaeda and radical Islamists who want to turn India into an evergreen hotbed of jehadi violence. Here are few sound-bites from some dirty secularists: Congress’ Digvijay Singh blamed Hindu organizations for the 2008 26/11 Mumbai terror attack, another filthy thinker Mani Shankar Iyer after 2014 talked of ousting Modi, from Pakistan, and even Sonia labeled Modi as ‘Maut ka Saudagar’ in 2007. Congress party always goes into the typical ‘secular silence’ over acts of jihadi terrorists. Her son, new Lord of the club of sycophants, hallucinates that Hindu Organizations are the biggest security threat to India – on their own ancient land!! The mother-son duo must be seeing the jihadi killers from Pakistan as holy saints on god’s mission!
Other shining stars of anti-Hindu “fake secular” brigade are the Samajwadi Party owner Mulayam Singh, Trinmul Congress owner Mamta Banerjee and the Rashtriya Janata Dal owner Laloo Yadav; Mayawati’s pure caste politics also need hate-Hindu narrative. Their divisive politics has badly weakened the social fabric and prevented creation of a unique common national identity for all Indians.
NEHRU DYNASTY IN CONGRESS PARTY
Indian National Congress Founded in 1885
The Congress Party was founded by a retired Indian Civil Service officer, British man Alen Octavian Hume, on December 28, 1885. Its first convention was held during December 28-31, 1885 in Bombay. Its aim was to attract educated Indians and represent interests of Indian masses and to become a bridge between the British rulers and Indian society. Advocate and journalist Vyomesh Chandra Banerjee became the first President of INC, followed by Dadabhai Naurojee.
Motilal Nehru Pioneered Nepotism
Although Jawaharlal Nehru is blamed for promoting dynastic politics in independent India, the roots of dynastic thinking go back his father, Motilal Nehru who first became President of the Indian national Congress (INC) in 1919 and then 1928 for yearlong tenures. Motilal Nehru wrote to Mahatma Gandhi in 1928 indicating that his son should be made the Congress President. However, Gandhi felt that time was not ripe for Jawaharlal, pointing to presence of other seasoned candidates. Yet, Motilal persisted. And as things evolved, his son Jawaharlal took the responsibility from him in 1929 and remained President for two years. Then he again took charge of INC in 1936 for one year.
Jawaharlal Nehru was again made Congress President in 1947. But this time it was queer. Most regional Congress committees had recommended Sardar Patel as Congress President and none opted for Nehru. However, Gandhi appeared inclined in favor of Nehru. Sensing this, Patel withdrew his candidature. Thus, Nehru was made the Congress President in 1947, who automatically took over reign of the country as PM from the British. Jawaharlal was as nepotistic as his father and actively trained his daughter in politics. Indira became Congress President for a brief period in 1959 and then again in 1978.
Another grave mistake was to not dissolve INC after independence and form two separate parties each headed by Nehru and Patel, as suggested by Mahatma Gandhi.
Before Sonia Gandhi, five other foreign born persons had headed the INC but all before 1947 – Alfred Web, Sir William Vyaderburn, Sir Henry Cotton, Annie Besent and George Yule. Sonia Gandhi remained Congress President for the longest period – 19 years. Most recently, Rahul Gandhi is the 47th Congress President. . Now her son was made the 47th Congress President. Birth in Indira dynasty is the only qualification this otherwise sub-mediocre man can boast of. He is propped up by a gang of rootless politicians who can only survive in the electoral politics through the dynasty.
2014 General Election – Milestone of Hindu Awakening
The 2014 Lok Sabha election victory of the Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) will go down in the history as an important milestone of Hindu awakening. In 1947, Hindus became free from the 1200 years of foreign occupation – 1000 years of barbaric Islamic plunder and 200 years of British exploitation. But the clear BJP victory in 2014 Lok Sabha gave them freedom from over 6 decades of living like ignored or second grade citizens under the rule of brown British and phony secularists. It should be seen as a badly needed natural course correction for the country.
It was also a big blow to the combined effort of all pro-Muslim and pro-Christian elements led by strongly anti-Hindu Sonia’s kitchen Congress who have been maligning Hindus, their leaders and their organizations as devils. Modi had become their special target after 2002 Gujarat riots. Seeing his dynamic and charismatic personality, insightful understanding of Indian history and society, farsighted vision, unparalleled skilled to forge personal ties with global leaders, ability to take bold steps and capacity for hard work the political insecurity of the fake secular brigade has multiplies multifold as he became Prime Minister in 2014.
The BJP is the only party that openly speaks against the ‘Muslim appeasement’ vote-bank politics’ and actually sees all Indians as One People. It does not want to see Indians through the caste and religion lenses.
Over 100 crore Hindus (forming 86 percent country’s population) heaved a sigh of relief because they were tired of being ignored, maligned and side tracked by the maulvi centric appeasement politics for all these decades – in the name of secularism. Even ordinary and poor Muslims were tired of being used like pawns for votes only to be dumped later. Post 2014, the most perplexed class is that of radical maulvis (many of whom still mentally live in the Mughal period and see Hindus as ‘kafirs’ who must be converted or decimated), and who had been giving ‘fake certificates’ of secularism and enjoying undue political influence. They are also confused why communal clashes are not happening in the BJP rule.
End of appeasement politics brought hearty cheers for Muslim women – Modi government stood for their right of equality. Thus, Saira Bano (one of the petitioners) won where Shah Bano was betrayed by the Congress 32 years ago. Negating the outright silly arguments of the Muslim clergy put forth “… in the name of Islam” the SC ended instant “triple talaq” on August 22, 2017. Yet, the clergy promoted malpractice did not stop completely, so the Modi government is bringing in legislation to make it punishable. Indian maulavis can sell any outdated irrationality in the name of Islam. It would be best if all progressive Muslims stay away from stuck-brain mullahs and the ‘secular’ crooks who have fooled them all these decades by sowing seeds of suspicion against Hindus.
After over six decades of Congress Rule, India is globally recognized for three things: high poverty, high population, and high corruption. India is home to about one-third of world’s extreme poor, is set to become the most populous country by around 2022 beating China, and is counted among the most corrupt countries in the world where opening and doing business is a mountainous task. Doing business honestly and efficiently in India is still tough, although recently the ease of doing business index has jumped significantly (by 42 points since 2014; from 142 to 100). Since 2014, however, things are changing for better with the arrival of the BJP government at the Center. They are doing what the PhD economist PM Manmohan Singh could not do in 10 years!
When people see wonderful economic growth of the past decade alongside widespread poverty, they wonder: Why India has Twin Personality.
And what about the health of Pakistan? Here is the 70 year travel diary of the “Islamic State” of South Asia:
Like India, Pakistan also started out as democracy (a weird choice. Modern democracy in the land of ossified Islam!) but very soon naturally fell in love with Islamic fundamentalism and military dictatorship. It declared itself an “Islamic State of Pakistan” in 1956. Disrespect of democracy broke the country into two pieces in 1971. During next two decades, its love for fundamentalism turned into fetish for jihadi terrorism. Today it is the proud capital of global terrorism: several dozen terror corporations operate from here, world’s most wanted terrorists roam freely on its streets vomiting hatred against humanity, openly challenging the government to arrest them and declaring entry into politics, and its ex-President declares his proud kinship with them! Very soon dreaded terrorists would be ruling Pakistan with the help of its notorious ISI and army. Pakistan’s national integrity squarely rests on its hate narrative against Hindu India rooted in what it calls Islam. However, the world is not very optimistic about Pak surviving too long and is naturally worried about its nukes falling in the hands of terrorists. More pragmatically, now it should worry about Pakistan falling in the hands of terrorists!
Topics covered on this long page are designed to provide in-depth understanding of issues that often necessitate trips into the past to put things in perspective.
Contents on this page include:
1. Truth of Independence and Legacy of Partition
2. Islamic Plunder of India – 1000 Years of Dark Age
3. Dangers of Global Islamic Terrorism
4. A Terrible Mistake: Equating “Dharma” with “Religion”
5. The Unfinished Agenda of National Integration
6. Economic Reforms and Liberalization
7. Economic Growth vs Development
8. Poverty in India
9. Population Stabilization
10. Governance Reforms
11. Climate Change
12. Renewable Energy – Solar Energy
13. Significant Political Developments
1. TRUTH OF INDEPENDENCE AND LEGACY OF PARTITION
The revolution of 1857 failed but it got the British worried about their grip on India and its sustainability. The Hindu-Muslim unity shown in the revolution was a threat to them. Therefore, they actively started nurturing division forces and incited Islamic radicals against the majority Hindus population. They had the Islamists ponder whether they could ever live as equals of Hindus whom they had ruled for so many centuries, treating as subjects and slaves. In next few decades, this thinking crystallized in the form of demand for a separate Muslim nation and was voiced openly by the Indian Muslim League in the 1920s. The Aligarh Muslim University (AMU) was the intellectual production house to churn out youths with this separatist mindset that ultimately gave birth to Pakistan. No surprise if the AMU now become attractive to adherents of violent Islam inviting attention of global jihadis and PAK ISI.
The AMU provided the fertile ground for nurturing the separatism among the Muslims – coming from their typical “Islamic insecurity”. Its role in breaking the country has been proudly acknowledged by the likes of Jinnah, Liyakat Khan and Agha Khan. Thus, Pakistan symbolizes the 1400 year old intolerant mindset whereby Muslims don’t want to or can’t live peacefully with people of other faith. Pakistanis often gloat claiming that they ‘snatched’ territory from India ‘…in the name of Islam’. It reflects the same belligerent isolationist and divisive attitude.
The Truth of India’s Independence
An important question: What made the British decide that it’s time to pack their baggage and leave India in 1947? This is a particularly pertinent question because Gandhi’s ‘Quit India Movement’ of 1942 had already tapered off and there wasn’t really any compelling situation that would necessitate a hasty departure. Here is the truth:
A war weary Britain had to consider two new realities that had emerged when the WW-2 ended, which shaped its decision to quit India.
One: The war with Hitler had completely destroyed the economies of the so-called allied nations and they were no longer able to finance their military presence in their subject colonies. So, despite the Congress Party taking full credit for India’s independence, Britain would have quit India purely for financial reasons anyway. In fact, it had to also bow out of its other colonies for the same reason. Thus, it withdrew not only from India but relinquished its entire colonial portfolio: It left Jordan in 1946, Palestine in 1947, Sri Lanka in 1948, Myanmar in 1948, Egypt in 1952 and Malaysia in 1957.
Following similar reasoning another colonial master, France, also had to get out of Laos in 1949 and Cambodia in 1953; it left Vietnam in 1954. Netherlands came out of its colonies called the Dutch East Indies, and Indonesia was born in 1949. Without Hitler and his war, it would have taken several more decades for India and other slave colonies to see the light of freedom.
In fact, Britain was in such a bad shape that after the war, under the Marshall Plan for restoration of war torn nations, it was given around one-fourth of the total package to rebuild itself. Records of deliberations show that the decision to quit India was already taken towards the end of 1946.
Two: The weakened British had to also consider the fact that the military activities of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose had badly eroded loyalties of Indian sepoys (low-ranking Indian soldiers) and navy personnel. When Japan surrendered, the British charged 20,000 soldiers of Bose’s Indian National Army (INA) with treason, towards the end of war at Delhi’s Red Fort. However, the strong reaction in the masses across the country had the British rethink what they were doing. The 1946 rebellion in the Royal Indian Navy sent another ominous signal to the colonial power. Since racial discrimination was rampant in the Royal Indian Navy, it was always a potential trigger for rebellion.
Hence, Britain was concerned that if the mutiny spread into the army and police, there would be large scale killing of Englishmen all over India. Hence, it decided to quit India at the earliest opportunity. Without loyal sepoys, it would be quite impossible for the British to rule in India and it would be politically and financially not prudent to call for enough Englishmen from Britain to quell activities of nationalists in India.
(It is worth highlighting that in 1857 Englishmen were able to suppress the Indian uprising (which can be easily called India’s First War of Independence) mainly due to the support of the Sikhs of Punjab and Pathans of the North-West Frontier Province. They helped the British recapture Delhi. The Sikh princes backed the British by providing 16,000 soldiers and support. Had they not supported the British at that time, it was quite likely that uprising would have spread to the large princely states of Hyderabad, Mysore, Travancore, and Kashmir, as well as in the smaller ones of Rajputana. Such a potential scenario would have made British presence in India untenable and it could have thought of exiting India in 1857 itself!)
Therefore, a good part of credit goes to Netaji and his INA. Their actions certainly hastened departure of the White lords from India. Self serving Congress Party leaders never openly acknowledged the contributions of Netaji towards India’s freedom. On the contrary, many believe that they handed over Netaji to the Russians who tried and executed him in secrecy. The much talked about Gandhi’s non-violent movement played only a minimal role in shaping the British decision to quit India, if the then British prime minister Clement Atlee is to be believed.
But, as is always the case: the winners write history! The Congress party had that privilege. Later it fell into pathological sycophancy and started to glorify only the Nehru-Indira dynasty; the process is still going on. Today, Sonia is ‘Her Royal Highness’ and Rahul is ‘His Royal Highness’ for congress men, outsmarting each other in display of servility and sycophancy! For Congress men, Sonia family would forever remain the ‘First Family’ of the nation! If you want to find out how submissive minded Indians must have behaved with the White British in the colonial era, just look at how the Congress Party workers bow before Sonia and her kids!
The Legacy of Partition
Partitioning India on religious ground was a nasty idea of colonial British who purposefully gave undue importance to separatist minded elements of the Muslim League who wanted a separate country in the name of Islam.
It was also designed to sow the seeds of long term future confrontation on the Indian sub-Continent after they departed. Leaving intact a giant nation would not be in the interest of their future global political interests. The colonial looters would have been happier creating more fragments but could not find other separatist leaders outside the Muslim community. For example, Christian missionaries had not converted sizable number of Hindus into Christianity so they could not create another separate ‘Christianland’ for them. However, they were convinced that riddled with mind boggling diversity India would fragment into several pieces shortly after they leave.
Partition fueled the communal disharmony, leading to massive blood-bath and mass migration of Hindus and Muslims from both sides. It gave wounds to lakhs of people that would take generations to heal. A lot of wise Muslims consciously chose to stay in India among Hindus, away from fanaticism of some of their co-religions. They now feel satisfied looking at the pathetic status of today’s Pakistan society badly infected with all types of fundamentalist viruses eating its vital organs. Yet, there are brain-dead Mullahs like the Imam of Delhi’s Jama Masjid who feel closer to Islamabad than New Delhi!!
If this great nation could be divided in the mid 20th century ‘…in the name of Islam’, today the risk is surely much bigger considering the spread of Wahhabism through Saudi funds and clerics during the past decades. Hindu hater fanatic mullahs like Owaisis who openly talk of decimating Hindus and who regularly incites Muslims through hate speeches are surely potential threat to India’s integrity. Then there is the headquarter of radical Islam in Deoband in Western UP – it has earned a name as “fatwa factory” of India due to its endless silly “fatwas” typically against women. The ossified Islam promoted from here is no less dangerous than Saudi Arabia’s Wahhabi cult that has turned humans into brain-dead jihadi killers.
Now the 100 crore non-Muslims of India have to stay united to protect their ancestral land and foil all designs of Islamic separatism and jihadi violence.
Hindus – The Biggest Losers of India’s Partition
The inner Muslim feeling of hatred against ‘unbelievers’ has spring up naked and unashamed…. We have seen, revived, as guide in practical politics, the old Muslim religion of the sword…. In thinking of an independent India, the menace of Mohammedan rule has to be considered. – Annie Besant (1847-1933), British theosophist and Member of Indian National Congress
I have devoted most of my time during the last six months to the study of Muslim History and Muslim Law and I am inclined to think that Hindu-Muslim unity is neither possible nor practicable… I do honestly and sincerely believe in the necessity and desirability of Hindi-Muslim unity. I am also fully prepared to trust the Muslim leaders, but what about the injunctions of the Koran and Hadees. Muslim leaders cannot override them. – Lala Lajpat Rai, (1865 – 1928)
Religious harmony is a desirable thing. But it takes two to play the game. Unfortunately such a sentiment holds no position in Islamic theology. – Ram Swarup, (1920 – 1998)
The brotherhood of Islam is not the universal brotherhood of man. It is brotherhood of Muslims for Muslims only. There is a fraternity but its benefit is confined to those within that corporation. For those who are outside the corporation, there is nothing but contempt, slavery and enmity. – Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, (1891 – 1956)
Commonsense demanded that if the country was being divided along religious lines, to create a separate nation for the “privileged” Muslims, the other half should naturally have been a Hindu Nation. This is natural logic and pure commonsense. But the power brokers of the Congress Party let the Hindus down. They conveniently forgot that Hindus had remained exploited and humiliated for over a millennium. First it was 1000 years of Mohammadan plunder of their culture, repeated genocides, destruction of their temples, sending Hindus as slaves to Afghanistan and elsewhere and forced conversion to Islam and then around two centuries of British exploitation while their missionaries converted gullible Hindus. Like the colonial British, Congress leaders also continued to take the accommodative silence of Hindus for granted. They were too myopic to see the future dangers of having in India a Muslim community as big as Pakistan.
Thus, undoubtedly Hindus were the biggest losers in the Game of Partition. Had they been a monolithic bloc (like Muslims or Christians) and united, they would not have allowed their ancient land to be divided in such an arbitrary way. Else they would have forced India to be a Hindu Nation. But what they got in reality was a supposedly religious ‘neutral’ State where the Constitution ensured representation of ‘Christians’ in the parliament (because they are privileged Christians and a reminder that Christian British ruled India!). The President of India still holds special power to ensure their representation in the parliament by nominating 2 members from the community! Free India continued granting favors such as the Haj subsidy to Muslims (because they are privileged Muslims and a reminder that Mughals ruled India!). !). Modi Government ended it in 2018, obeying Supreme Court’s order of ending it by 2022.
Thus, free India’s so-called religion neutral (secular) governance started off already on the wrong foot, heavily loaded against 88 percent Indians, the Hindus.
All through the cold war era, the left leaning intellectuals and the West dominated media continued to sustain the malign campaign the Hindus culture and painting them as lowly and mere promoters of an exploitative caste system. At least 2-3 generations of Hindus in free India grew up believing that everything connected with their culture and tradition is substandard – and that good, civilized and progressive practices only come from outside the national boundary! It was essential for their vested interests that Muslims and Christians retain political supremacy over the Hindus.
Many Westerners are surprised that at the time of partition Hindus did not demand compensation from Muslims and Christians for atrocities and social, cultural and economic damages inflicted upon them during the centuries of Mughal and British rule. In fact, they should have even demanded probe into Hindus massacres at the hands of British and Muslims during the past centuries. They see it as a sign of irrationally high tolerance and accommodative nature of Hindu society ever ready to give up its own interests. But then the gloomy mindset resulting from centuries of humiliation and suppression is not so easy to wash away.
Start of Hindu Awakening
By 1980s Hindus had started to realize that something is terribly wrong with the way India was being governed. They clearly realized that Indian politics was firmly in the hands of pro-Muslim and pro-Christian politicians – and they are simply being taken for granted for their indifference, tolerance and silence. The Shah Bano case of 1985 glaringly exposed how the Congress Party was sitting cozily in the lap of backward looking mullahs, following its ‘minority appeasement’ politics. The Supreme Court gave a just verdict in favor of a victimized Muslim woman Shah Bano. Ossified brained mullahs came out on the street as if the Supreme Court of the country has launched an attack on Islam. The convent educated PM Rajiv Gandhi felt no shame in amending the Constitution to negate Supreme Court’s sensible justice to a poor Muslim lady. His foolish action further emboldened the radical mullahs and fed their hallucination that they are far too powerful than even the apex Court of the secular country where 85 percent people don’t practice Islam.
Then came the mass exodus and massacre of Kashmiri Hindus in 1989, perpetrated by Islamic jehadis supported by Pakistan. Over 4 lakh Hindus became refugees in their own country. But was a non-issue for the mullah centric Central government – it was as if just the continuation of centuries old ‘normal pain’ inflicted on Hindus. Then, the 1993 Mumbai serial blasts convinced Hindus that the country was still in the Mughal era when Hindus could be attacked by Muslims at will.
They suddenly realized that they are politically voiceless and country’s agenda is firmly in the hands of fake-seculars and radical mullahs. But fortunately for them, the BJP emerged and Hindu organizations started speaking vocally and loudly. Advani’s country wide Rath Yatra from Somnath to Ayodhya in late 1990s had just one goal: To Awaken Hindus of India. Alongside came the slogan: Garv Se Kaho, Hum Hindu Hain! It is still helping a lot of Hindus come out of their deep rooted inferiority complex, coming from the endless onslaught on their culture and way of life since the first Islamic invader in the 8th century. Pro-Islamic elements disguised as seculars and left leaning pseudo-intellectuals whose loyalty lies outside Indian boundaries represented the post 1947 equivalent of colonizers with the same anti-Hindu agenda.
You may like to see some eye opening statistics from Indian Express – so many Moghul names still prevalent in Hindu dominated India. Have you ever wondered how many thousand temples were destroyed by Islamic marauders and rulers and mosques built upon them? Can they ever be symbol of pride for current Hindus whose ancestors lived humiliated and exploited to survive forced conversions during 1000 Years of Islamic Jihad in India ?
The uninterrupted Pak sponsored jihadi violence in Kashmir since 1989, Godhra train burning to burn alive Hindus, terror attack on Indian Parliament, Kargil attack, the 26/11 Mumbai terror attack and so many other acts of senseless jihadi violence have by now convinced more and more Hindus both in India and abroad that they need to get united and organized. Hindu organizations are now more pro-active and more vocal. They have started to unite around the Hindutva agenda. It underlines the fact that Hindu way of life inherently accommodates diversity and goes well beyond what is called secularism by the West.
Bhartiya Janata Party’s victory in 2014 and elevation of charismatic Modi to PM brought real cheer on Hindu faces perhaps for the first time post 1947. His One India One People philosophy has bamboozled all fake-secular divisive forces promoted and nurtured by global Islamic and Christian lobbies under the nurturing environment provided by Congress Party.
Even Indian media is changing, leaving aside some pathological ‘liberal’ journos like Rahul Kanwal, Rajdeep Sardesai, Sagarika Ghosh and Shekhar Gupta. Most of the sensible TV anchors and journalists have stopped playing the deceptive tunes of fake secularists and club of anti-Hindu “liberals.” Let’s see what kind of anti-Hindu politics the new lord of Congress Party Rahul Gandhi and his dirty brigade come up with. The news of his coronation has already sent cheers in Pakistan and anti-India international lobbies.
1a) THE KASHMIR DISPUTE
The so-called Kashmir dispute can be summed up in three statements:
What was Kashmir without Islam? It was a peaceful holy abode nurtured by spiritual Hindu saints and Rishis. It was a land of spiritual liberation and bliss – Heaven on earth!
What was Kashmir with Hindus and Muslims? It was a peaceful land of Sufi-Rishi culture, a superb mix of Hindu and Islamic spirituality – called Kashmiriyat. It was a land of eternal peace and harmony – Heavenly abode on earth!
What is Kashmir without Hindus? It is a den of dreaded Islamic terrorists who kill humanity every day to please their terror god. It is a land of death, violence and brutality – Hell on earth!
After separating from India, the liqour guzzling Jinnah (married to a Parasi woman) started behaving as if the newly born Pakistan has a natural right on everything that is Islamic! Pakistan’s obsession with this ‘Islamic logic’ has not weakened a bit even after seven decades. On the contrary, it turned into a kind of religious religious frenzy, particularly since country’s break up in 1971, radicalization of the Pak society by Military dictator Zia ul Haq in the 1980s and adoption of jihadi terrorism as its undeclared State policy after 1989. (Result: Pakistan is today the global capital of jihadi terrorism and in the opinion of experts, it is waiting to be eaten away by the cancerous jehadi virus!). Pak economy is thoroughly dependent on the US and Chinese doles. Besides, Wahhabi funds are increasingly converting Pakistanis to Wahhabi radicals – semi-finished raw material for terror factories.
Historical perspective: When the British left after 190 years of plunder and loot, India was a conglomeration of 565 tiny princely estates rule by Rajas, Nizams and Nawabs – they were both Hindu and Muslim rulers. Their prime task was to collect taxes from the public on behalf of the colonial rulers. They had the option of joining either side or stay sovereign. Ideally, they would all want to stay sovereign but political reality demanded that they choose between the two sides.
Kashmir was also one such Princely State ruled by Raja Hari Singh who wanted to stay sovereign and had not joined either side by August 15, 1947. Pakistan was hoping that it would come its way but Hari Singh did not oblige. In frustration and impatience, Pakistan attacked Kashmir by sending its troops along with armed tribes (primitive version of modern Muslim terrorists). Plundering and looting, they soon reached ominously close to Srinagar. Raja Hari Singh panicked and seeing no other option requested help from India. New Delhi however demanded accession to India first before sending military help. Hari Singh signed the Accession Treaty and Indian troops were dispatched immediately. Soon the invaders were on the run and India was in control of about two-third Kashmir.
Then strangely, against Patel’s advice, Nehru halted the military operation and went to the UN to complain about Pak aggression. Thus, he foolishly internationalized the Kashmir issue, while allowing Pakistan to sit tightly with around one-third Kashmir; it created the LoC. A big mistake, in the hindsight! And, clearly a very bad politics and absolute lack of understanding of how political Islam works.
If Kashmir is still not fully integrated with rest of India even after 70 years, Congress Party’s directionless, indecisive and visionless governance should get all the blame. It even squandered the golden chance to get the entire Kashmir when after the 1971 Bangladesh 93,000 Pak troops were prisoners of India and around 5000 sq km of West Pakistan was under Indian control. However, the then PM Indira fell for Bhutto’s emotional gimmicks and verbal assurances in a midnight drama and signed the Shimla Agreement in a midnight drama.
Currently, India controls 45 percent of original J&K area, 35 percent is under Pak control and 20 percent is with China. China grabbed about 35,000 sq km in Aksai Chin in the 1962 war and got another 5,000 sq km area in Baltistan from Pakistan under a 1963 treaty.
Indian Kashmir has three regions: Kashmir Valley, Jammu, and Ladakh. The Kashmir Valley now is mainly Muslim after Hindu Pandits were driven away. Jammu is Hindu dominated and Ladakh is largely Buddhist. Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK) has a Muslim majority. The bone of contention is just the 100 mile long Kashmir Valley, which is only about 9 percent of the original J&K territory.
It helps to remind that over the centuries, a unique Sufi-Rishi culture evolved in Kashmir. Under the influence of Hindus’ universal ‘dharma’ which sees ‘humanity as One’, Kashmiri Muslims started practicing Sufism (a gentle form of Islam, which profound Islamic scholars see as the true ‘essence’ of Islam). Sufi saints don’t distinguish or discriminate against people of different faiths and see ‘humanity as One’ – as Hindus do. They were revered by both Hindus and Muslims and their Shrines became symbols of Hindu-Muslim unity. These Shrines were among the first prime targets for destruction in the Valley to destroy inter-faith unity – the very essence of ‘Kashmiriyat’. No wonder, Kashmir was the only place where no communal violence took place during the partition of India.
1b) PAK SPONSORED JIHADI TERRORISM IN KASHMIR
After seeing the defeat of former USSR in 1989 by Afghan Mujahideens (“Islamic holy warriors,” propped up jointly by the Americans and Pakistanis), Pak military Dictator General Zia Ul Haq got the idea of promoting jihadi terrorism in Kashmir. Since Pak can’t defeat India militarily, this low-cost war of attrition through trained terrorists is ideal to ‘bleed’ India with over 1000 million Hindus, its eternal enemy. You may ask: Why bleed India?
Because after Pak’s break up in 1971 (that gave birth to Bangladesh) due to cockiness of its own mentally deranged politicians like Julfikar Ali Bhutto and humiliating defeat at the hands of Indian military, Pakistan’s Islamic pride was badly jolted. Pak rulers declared India their eternal enemy and swore to “bleed India” through thousand cuts!!
That’s understandable, because Islam was and is the only reason behind Pakistan’s existence!
Pak agenda is clear: If it can’t get Kashmir in the name of Islam, it must destroy Kashmir in the name of Islam! So, reflecting its Islamic credentials it wants to cause as much violence and destruction in Kashmir as possible using its home grown Jehadis – exploiting the Islamic connections across border. It doesn’t matter who dies in Kashmir – Hindus or Muslims – the purpose is to create fear and terror to please the Terror-God. It must be clear that Pakistan no longer practices ‘normal’ Islam – the “Religion of Peace”. It is now a hardcore Wahhabi nation where clerics preach hate against humanity and glorify killing of non-Muslims as mujahideens (holy warriors).
In the early 1990s, jehadis started killing Hindus in the Kashmir Valley, causing them to flee. Practically all Hindu Pandits (estimated at around 4.5 lakh) were forced to leave – it was ethnic cleansing through terror. It is reminiscent of 1000 years of Islamic rulers in India that half-brained secularists love to glorify. In the ‘secular’ Islamic doctrine of the Congress Party, Hindu’s wellbeing doesn’t matter. So, it never played minority appeasement politics in Kashmir.
Thus, Pak sponsored Islamic jihad is going on in Kashmir since 1989. Pak army routinely provides cover-fire to help jehadis sneak across the LoC. The Congress Party could never muster political courage to take the Pak Muslim jihadis head-on for fear of losing votes of Indian Muslim in India!! However, arrival of Modi government in 2014 has brought an important change in the manner India responds to cross border infiltration and terrorism. It has given free hand to the Indian army to chase and eliminate Jehadis and ‘raised the price’ for Pakistan for each cease fire violation.
The surgical strike across the LoC in September 2016 unfolded an entirely new dimension. In the year 2017 alone, over 200 Pak trained jihadis have been killed by the Indian forces, including their dreaded commanders – highlighting India’s determination to erase all jehadi violence from its soil. India plans to install high tech fencing and state-of-the-art surveillance system coupled with automatic response system along the entire LoC. It would present nearly un-surmountable challenge before Pak jehadis still dreaming to die on Indian soil to meet their Allah.
In order to sustain the jihadi violence against India, Pakistan has now come up with a ‘Gazwa e-Hind’ narrative. It is promoting a new ‘logic’ behind the formation of Islamic Pakistan: Pakistan is duty bound to revive the second wave of Islamic invasion of India (the first wave was between 8th to 18 century) and Islamize the whole India (over 1000 Hindu kafirs represent the unfinished task of the first wave). Therefore, it must prepare jihadi warriors to fight Gazwa e-Hind. That’s why it nurtures the ‘army of the Mohammad’ (Jaish e-Mohammad) and the ‘army of the Pure and Righteous’ (Lashkar e-Tayyiba)!
No wonder if Pakistan is now providing winter gear and night vision equipment to the ‘holy killers’ and is reportedly training them in chemical/biological warfare also. There are reports that in future the ‘holy killers’ would glorify Islam by targeting the Kumbh Melas and other large Hindu gatherings; poisoning water bodies and disrupting basic services could be other forms of their holy mission. They might also try repeating the Godhra type attack by burning Hindu kafirs in the train bogies. Pak ISI also plans to train Rohingya Muslim terrorists of Myanmar and infiltrate them into India for Terror God’s holy mission.
Bad for Pakistan, now the US seriously wants it to stop nurturing terrorists and eliminate them from its soil. But the US is unlikely to succeed because it can’t solve Islamic problems. However, the world is watching the rise of terrorists and fundamentalists in its national politics and the ever increasing voices of separatism from the Baloshs, Pakhtuns and Sindhis.
1c) INDIA’S “HEADACHE” CALLED PAKISTAN
Reflecting its typical Islamic mindset Pakistan remains deeply stuck in the PAST – either in 1971 or in 1947!
What distinguishes Pakistan from India? Absence of Hindus!!
Inflicted by the virus of Islamic extremism, Pakistani Mullahs have almost eliminated non-Muslims: from 23% in 1950 to less than 2% in 2017, at the average rate of about 69000 per year. Even today, in Sindh province alone, average in a month, 20-24 non-Muslim girls are forced to convert through sexual assault. This is how their Hindu ancestors increased Muslim population during centuries of Islamic rule.
What makes Pakistan, Pakistan? What makes it so self-destructive, violent and unreliable?
There is only one unique answer: Pakistani Islam. It’s a special Islam, kind of ossified Islam! This Islam is the reason and inspiration behind everything Pakistan does or doesn’t do.
Although Pakistanis are all ex-Hindus and come from the ancient Hindu lineage of Ram, Krishna, Buddha and Mahavira and are descendants of the unfortunate Hindus who were forced to accept Islam for survival during centuries of Islamic rule and onslaught, but the Hindu traits of peace and tolerance have totally vanished from their DNA. Now they have turned into clones of 7th century Arab tribals both in conduct and spirit – that’s the magic of their special Islam!
Pakistan is a “model Islamic State” born out of love for Pure Islam. Thus, in its quest to purify Islam, Pakistan has declared the lowly Muslim communities like the Ahmedias non-Muslim and has virtually wiped out Hindus, Sikhs and Christians. Its democracy is practically in comma, waiting to die. Country’s direction is dictated through the AK-47s of the army and terrorists combined. That should make it an ideal and Pure Islamic Caliphate – in no way inferior to what the ISIS created in the Middle East. At least that is what Pakistanis believe. However, we leave that judgment to the informed scholars.
The more important question, however, is: How does the world sees 70 year old nation of Islamic separatists?
Even at the age of 70 Pakistan remains trapped in juvenile delinquency – it jumps form one silly boast to another, tries selling two lies as one truth and confuses duplicity as smartness!
No wonder then that it fools itself as a democracy, but is actually run by the army and secret agency – now globally wanted terrorists also are gearing up to meddle in running the country. Its population is just one-seventh of India, but behaves as if it equals India – often even bigger! Like North Korea, it squanders money on arms and terrorists while its citizens remain trapped in poverty. It habitually creates Jehadis and then fights them, when pressured by the US! It nurtures jihadi terrorism but also claims to be the biggest victim of terrorism! India gives visas to its critically ill citizens but Pak routinely sends jihadis to kill innocent Indian citizens. The glue of ‘Islam’ should have kept Pakistan united better than India’s Fevicol, but it easily broke into two pieces in 1971! If the world sees Islam as a religion of peace, Pakistan has turned it into a religion of ‘unholy violence’. It wants to send its cricketers and terrorists into India, at the same time. It wants to play cricket with Indians and kill them by terrorists, at the same time.
Like paranoid and isolated North Korea, Pakistan is the only other nation that threatens its neighbor (India) with nuclear attack. Today, both are the closest allies of Communist China. More correctly, both are valuable “Strategic Assets” of China! However, Pakistan is slipping on the way to become a Chinese colony – given the massive Chinese investments (beyond its repayment capacity) and ever increasing presence of Chinese army (apparently for protecting Chinese projects).
Since its birth, Pakistan went through several transformations – but, all in the wrong direction. It has failed to find a sane national goal other than destroy India, on whose territory it was founded in 1947. But that’s quite natural, given the fact that it was born hating Hindus and fought wars to prove its Islamic superiority. Its hate turned into a pathological mania after it lost the 1971 Bangladesh war and half of its territory. Since then its behavior remains divorced of sanity.
It was Pakistani rulers’ derogatory mindset against the Bengali Muslims that pushed East Pakistan into a suicidal civil war – the trigger came when the cocky politicians like Bhutto sitting in the West Pakistan decided to dishonor verdict of the recently held general election that went in favor of a East Pakistan based party.
What ensued was wide spread genocide and rape resulting in mass exodus of Bengali Muslims. It inundated India with millions of East Pakistani refugees. When their numbers crossed well over one crore, India was forced to intervene and supported the Mukti Bahini of Bengali Muslims that was offering resistance to the ‘highly fierce’ Islamic Pak army. This ‘ferocious’ army of 93,000 cowards surrendered in just two weeks of tussle – and a new nation Bangladesh was born. However, by then they had managed to proudly slaughter around three million civilians and raped perhaps a similar number of Bengali women. It was the biggest genocide in South Asia post 1947.
The conduct of Pak army is best described by its own top commander who led the surrender. Lt. General Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi described in his book titled The Betrayal of East Pakistan, what ensued when the army was ordered to crack down on agitating civilians:
“On the night of March 25-26, 1971, General Tikka Khan [of the Pakistani Eastern Command] turned the peaceful night into a time of wailing, crying and burning…. The military action was a display of stark cruelty, more merciless than the massacres at Bukhara and Baghdad by Changez Khan and Halaku Khan, or at Jallianwala Bagh by the British General Dyer.”
Since Pakistanis consider the historic Islamic barbarians like Ghori, Tuglak, Babur and Nadir Shah as their heroes, their atrocities on Bengali Muslims (whom they always considered inferior) was ‘normal.’ Today they are highly proud of Hafiz Saeed – the mastermind of the 2008 Mumbai terror attack and chief of Lashkar e Tayyiba (The army of the Pure and Righteous)!
What followed after losing the war and half its territory also reminds the power struggle of the Mughal era. Reign of the left-over Pakistan went to maverick Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, who was then ousted by General Zia ul-Haq in 1977. Two year later in April 1979, Zia hanged Bhutto after a sham trial.
No wonder, today gun wielding army, fundamentalists and terrorists decide how Pakistan would be governed. As Pak army pushes extremists and terrorists into electoral politics, the day is not far when dreaded terrorist would deal with the world as prime minister, defense minister and foreign minister.
1d) INDIA: A GREAT EXAMPLE OF “UNITY IN DIVERSITY”
In 1947, when the colonial British were leaving India after gifting Pakistan to Muslims, they were convinced that India consisting of 565 Princely States would fragment into several pieces within next few years. Clearly, the myriad diversity – lingual, cultural, traditional, and geographical – was beyond their rational comprehension. In fact, they had not seen such high level of diversified but united entity anywhere in the world. But history post-1947 has proven them wrong.
What actually fell apart was the mono-cultural Islamic State of Pakistan – its East Pakistan wing became sovereign Bangladesh in 1971. It is still battling to keep together the Balochs, Pakhtuns and Sindhis. Yet, it remains obsessed to break India! Breaking societies seems to be a peculiarity of Pakistani Islam!
Now look at the global history of other fragmentations.
After the First World War several new nations were born – Finland, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, Poland, Hungry, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia etc.
The Muslim Middle East is highly divided and turbulent despite common faith, culture and traditions; it is weird that Shia Iran stands aloof from rest of the Sunni states as if there are two separate Islams! The Kurd’s are restless for a separate nation. The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) was born and gone already despite lofty dream of forming global Caliphate!!
Europeans who love to lecture the world on democracy and liberalism can’t keep the European Union intact. The UK is leaving; others are likely to follow suit. Catalonians are restless for divorce from Spain. Between 1989 and 1992 Yugoslavia broke into seven pieces. In 1991, the USSR gave birth to 15 nations. Chechnyans are still demanding separation from Russia. In 2011, Sudan broke into two. Somalia and Somaliland are two different political realities. Creation of Israel in 1948 turned the Palestinians displaced and then refugees since 1967’s Islamic misadventure.
Major democracies like the US, Canada, UK, Germany, France, and Australia are now facing challenges of diversities as population of migrants is rising.
Most globe watchers wonder how India has managed to assimilate so much diverse forces into one national mainstream. In order to understand it they need to grasp the essence of Indian culture that goes much far beyond the superficiality of their ‘secularism.’ Indian ethos comes from its ancient Vedic philosophy which revolves around “Dharma.” It has no equivalent word in the foreign languages. Even in India misguided people have naively translated it into English as “religion.”
“Dharma” essentially points to natural order, the right ethics and adopting them in personal conduct. It is all about right human values and their practice in life. Thus, all India-born different philosophies of life like Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism etc stress the right human conduct in their own ways. But they all translate into practice of non-violence, non-greed, and understanding the natural law of Karma which means doing good deeds bring good fruits in future and harming others invite pain and misery.
This knowledge or Dharma evolved from the experience of countless Yogis and sages of the ancient past. They discovered that everything is interconnected through some divine force that pervades everything and every being – this reality has been also often called God, although not necessary. Thus, Indians respect all forms of life as well as nature’s rivers and mountains; and see humanity as one big family (vasudeva Kutumbakam) – disregarding diversities. This knowledge permeates throughout India, right from Kashmir to Kanyakumari and Meghalaya to Maharashtra. . It can be realized through various paths – Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainist, Sikhism etc and even Christianity and Islam if practiced strictly as tool of human evolution. Mere ‘belief’ and dry rituals are meaningless.
In fact, in ancient times when the boundaries extended to most of East Asia and to Afghanistan and beyond in the West, the Western and Chinese travelers saw just “One India” everywhere, despite so much diversities. Even early Christians and Muslims who had to escape their homeland to avoid religious persecution and found shelter on the Indian soil merged among congenial Hindus effortlessly despite their foreign ‘faith’ whose ‘core essence’ already existed in the Dharma knowledge.
Indian Christians and Muslims have the golden chance to re-board the Dharma expressway, from which their ancestors were dislodged in the past centuries! That would only serve the cause of national integration.
1e) EXCHANGE OF ENCLAVES BETWEEN INDIA AND BANGLADESH
15 August 1947 brought independence to all Indians and Pakistanis except those living the 162 enclaves along India-East Pakistan (Bangladesh) border. These 51,000 enclave dwellers got real freedom on August 1, 2015. Due to their peculiar geography the enclaves on both sides had remained badly underdeveloped and the ‘stateless’ existence had left people living there with severe hardships. Located inside another country the enclaves badly lacked basic facilities like sanitation, electricity supply, schools and hospitals.
The feelings of enclave dwellers can be succinctly summarized by this quote of late President APJ Abdul Kalam – “A dream is not what you see when you sleep. A dream is what keeps you awake!”
At the stroke of midnight connecting July 31 and Aug 1 of 2015, 111 Bangladesh Enclaves inside India and 51 Indian Enclaves inside Bangladesh got officially exchanged. It ended the 68 year agony of 37,369 Indian enclave dwellers inside Bangladesh and 14, 856 Bangladeshi enclave dwellers in India. All Indian enclaves were in Cooch Behar district of WB. While no one from the Bangladeshi enclaves (now part of India) chose to cross over, most from the Indian enclaves (now part of Bangladesh) decided to leave their ancestral land and shift to Indian Territory.
Enclaves existed across the Bangladesh-Indian border in the 4 states: West Bengal, Tripura, Assam and Meghalaya. India exchanged 17,160 acres of land for 7,110 acres from Bangladesh. In fact, there were not just enclaves but counter-enclaves inside enclaves and also counter-counter-enclaves – world’s only third-order enclaves!
The problem surfaced after the Rangapur district merged with East Pakistan in 1947 and the Cooch Behar district remained independent before merging with India in 1949. It was the beginning of identity crisis for the enclave dwellers.
Efforts were made in 1958 by India and Pakistan to ‘de-enclave’ but nothing materialized. However, after the birth of Bangladesh a ‘land boundary agreement’ was signed between the two countries in 1974. But the pact could not be implemented because it involved swap of land and population which needed amendment to Indian Constitution.
This hurdle was finally removed when both houses of Parliament approved the 119th amendment to the Constitution. The entire process of physical exchange will be completed by June 30, 2016.
Peaceful resolution of such a complex boundary issue between two neighbors and the bigger neighbor giving up some of its land set a unique example before the world. It also sent a signal to both Pakistan and China that boundary issues can be resolved peacefully given the honest will.
2. ISLAMIC PLUNDER OF INDIA – 1000 YEARS OF DARK-AGE
The Biggest Holocaust in World History
The word ‘holocaust’ automatically triggers images of inhuman treatment and genocide of the Jews during 1930s by the Nazis. Hundreds of movies have highlighted the plight of Jews in the concentration Nazi camps. Massacre of the Native inhabitants by the European settlers in the Americas, and the Armenian genocide by the Ottoman Turks are also in knowledge of people.
But the world’s biggest holocaust has happened in India between 8th to 18th century AD – the period of Islamic invaders and rulers. Historian Professor K.S. Lal estimated that even before the Mughal rule was founded by Jahiruddin Babur, the Hindu population in India had decreased by 80 million between 1000 AD and 1525 AD – an unparalleled extermination of humanity in the World history. One may disagree with the number but the scale must be surely astronomically high.
Alain Danielou, in his book, Histoire de l’ Inde: “From the time Muslims started arriving, around 632 AD, the history of India becomes a long, monotonous series of murders, massacres, spoliations, and destructions. It is, as usual, in the name of ‘a holy war’ of their faith, of their sole God, that the barbarians destroyed civilizations, wiped out entire races.”
Genocide, rape, loot and forced conversion of Hindus were routine features during various invasions and rules of Arabs, Turks and Afghans. The atrocities on Hindus continued during the Mughal dynasty, vacillating only in scale, and beyond, when the Afghan ruler Ahmad Shah Abdali attacked India in 1757 AD, and yet again recreated the horrific specter of genocide, rape, destruction and plunder in Mathura and Agra.
Mughal atrocities on Sikhs during the Mughal rule are very well recorded in history. Aurangzeb’s torture of Sikhs has been recorded in the most graphic ways, and is widely known in the north India. How Rajput queens committed Jauhar (burnt alive) to save their honor from the lecherous Mohammadans is also a well known historical phenomenon.
If the Hindu genocide on such a gigantic scale has remained virtually blacked out and if even Hindus have little clue about the horrors their ancestors had to go through at the hands of Mohammadans in the past, it is largely because India’s history has been written predominantly by non-Indians from their perspective and by the communist historians through their own distorted lens. Many have even gone to the extent of glorifying Muslim rulers, completely shadowing Hindu heroes who fought them but failed. Some have gone to the extent of painting some Mughal rulers “secular!!” These historians belong to the primitive foreign culture where barbarism and brutality alone make people heroes.
The passivity of Indian historians has been glaring; instead of critically analyzing what the so-called ‘noted historians’ offered them in the text books they took it on the face value. As a result, ordinary Indians don’t understand how their own highly exalted ancient civilization – a wonderland of profound Vedic wisdom and spirituality, highly advanced art, culture, education and unbelievable prosperity – was destroyed by the barbaric invaders from Central Asia or Arabia who came swaying the “Sword of Islam”. Some of these villains are still portrayed in the school textbooks in ways that betray any commonsense moral judgment.
It is, however, heartening that some select Indian historians started to come forward to set the record straight.
In the 18th century, when the British started taking control of the Indian territories they un-mistakenly noticed that Hindus were not behaving like normal human beings. One thousand year of continuous suppression and humiliation had left them virtually drained of spirit. The British were certainly not on a charity mission but theirs was primarily an economic mission with political control – plundering India to make Britain a “Great Britain.” Unlike Mohammadans, the British did not come as fanatic Christian Crusaders to establish the glory of Jesus Christ through terror on Indians. However, their presence did facilitate the political “conversion industry” of the Christian missionaries.
The Cult of Islamic Barbarism
The unparalleled prosperity and peace loving people of India had remained targets of foreign attacks even before the Mohammadans, but they never indulged in animalish behavior. The Islamists brought with them the culture of savage barbarism, totally unthinkable to people of the region. What was most unbelievable for the Hindus was that they proudly indulged in the ghastly conduct claiming to be the mujahids (holy warriors) to become ghazis (kafir-killers, ie, killers of non-Muslims) in the service of their Only God whom they called Allah.
Throughout the 1000 years, the Islamist invaders repeated the same pattern of barbarism – mass slaughter, loot, rape, taking slaves, capture of women and girls for sexual pleasure or to be sold as slaves and destruction of temples – in the “Glory of Islam.” The scale of success was measured by the size of the booty, number of enemy skulls, and from the number of women and slaves taken. For example, in 1000 AD the invasion of Afghanistan was followed by the annihilation of the Hindu population; the region is still called the Hindu Kush, i.e. “Hindu slaughter.” There were instances when even middle rank officials had set and fulfilled the targets of slaughtering 100,000 Hindus.
Historians say that the savages truly followed the words of their so-called Holy Book (Surah 9:29):
“Fight those who believe not in Allah nor the Last Day nor hold that forbidden which hath been forbidden by Allah and His Prophet, nor acknowledge the religion of truth even if they are People of the Book, until they pay the jizyah (tax for non-Muslims) with willing submission, and feel themselves subdued.”
The founder of Moghul dynasty, Jahiruddin Shah Babur, who ruled between 1526 and 1530 AD, proudly wrote in his memoir Baburnama: “For the sake of Islam I became a wanderer, I battled infidels and Hindus, I am determined to become a martyr. Thank God I became a Killer of Non-Muslims!”
His grandson Akbar ordered a general massacre of 30,000 Rajputs after he captured Chithorgarh in 1568.
And who was Babur, you may ask. He was a hybrid creature, formed with father genes from the Turko-Mongol barbarian Timur side and mother genes came from the Mongol tyrant Genghis Khan side. Thus, he inherited barbarism from both sides of his ancestors. After establishing him in Afghanistan, he moved southwards through the Khyber Pass and launched an attack on India. He grabbed much of the north India defeating Sikandar Lodi at Panipat in 1526. He ruled from 1526 to 1530; got buried in Afghanistan as he wished.
Baburnama also mentions that there were two major trading points between Hindustan and Khurasan – at Kabul and Qandahar – where caravans came from India carrying slaves and commodities to be sold.
Historians glorify the Mughal king Shah Jahan for building the Taj Mahal. Here is how Islam was glorified in his rule (1628-1658), from the contemporary record: “When Shuja was appointed as governor of Kabul he carried on a ruthless war in the Hindu territory beyond Indus…The Sword of Islam yielded a rich crop of converts….Most of the women (to save their honour) burnt themselves to death. Those captured were distributed among Muslim Mansabdars.”
Islamist Mind – A Frozen Mind!
“The tree (of Islam) is of artificial planting. Instead of containing within itself the germ of growth and adaptation to the various requirements of time and clime and circumstance, expanding with the genial sunshine and rain from heaven, it remains the same forced and stunted as when first planted some twelve centuries ago.”
– Sir William Muir, (1819 – 1905) Scottish Orientalist, scholar of Islam, and colonial administrator
Everything remains frozen in the world of Islam. In the 21s century, what the ISIS, Al Qaeda and other terror outfits are doing has a long history of 1400 years; nothing has changed in their mindset. In fact, that is their ossified signature mark.
Read further in detail: 1000 Years of Islamic Jihad in India
2a) WORDS OF HISTORIANS
Religion can be highly dangerous in the hands of deranged people – more dangerous than even the cholera or ebola viruses. In the past 2000 years, “Religions” have killed more people than all the wars of the history combined. Here are some wise cracks on the religion of peace!!
“This is a profession of faith of a Muslim: ‘I certify that there is no God other than Allah, of whom Mohammed is the only prophet’, which means in effect: After and before Mohammed, there is nobody else…’ Thus the whole religion of Islam is based on negation: nobody but us, no other religion but ours’. And if you disagree, you shall die. This puts a serious limitation to tolerance and from this strong belief sprang all the horrors of the Muslim invasion of India.” – Francois Gautier French writer and journalist based in India
“The tree (of Islam) is of artificial planting. Instead of containing within itself the germ of growth and adaptation to the various requirements of time and clime and circumstance, expanding with the genial sunshine and rain from heaven, it remains the same forced and stunted as when first planted some twelve centuries ago.” – Sir William Muir, (1819 – 1905) Scottish Orientalist, scholar of Islam, and colonial administrator
“The contrast between our own faith and Islam is most remarkable. There are in our Scriptures living germs of truth, which are in harmony with civil and personal liberty, and will expand with advancing civilization. In Islam it is just the reverse. It has nothing to help abolish polygamy, slavery, and arbitrary divorce, or to elevate woman to her proper place. As a Reformer, Mahomet did advance his people to a certain point, but as a Prophet he left them fixed immovably at that point for all time to come.” – Sir William Muir (1819 – 1905) Scottish Orientalist, Scholar of Islam and Colonial administrator
“Muslims are the first victims of Islam. Many times I have observed in my travels that fanaticism comes from a small number of dangerous men who maintain others in the practice of this religion by terror. Liberating the Muslim from his religion is the best service that one can render him.” – Joseph Ernest Renan (1823 -1892) French expert of Middle East languages and civilizations
“If the people of this religion are asked about the proof for the soundness of their religion, they flare up, get angry and spill the blood of whoever confronts them with this question. They forbid rational and free thinking, and strive to kill their adversaries. This is why truth became thoroughly silenced and concealed in followers of Mohamet.” – Zakariya Razi (Rhazes) (865 – 925) Persian chemist, philosopher and physician
“You cannot defend Islam with reason and promote peace at the same time. …And they have been busy defending Islam for 14 centuries!” – Vijay Agrawal, Thinker and Writer
“He (Muhammad) poisoned the sources of human felicity at the fountain, by degrading the condition of the female sex, and allowing polygamy; and he declared undistinguishing and exterminating war, as a part of his religion, against all the rest of mankind. The essence of his doctrine was violence and lust: to exalt the brutal over the spiritual part of human nature.” – John Quincy Adams (1767 – 1848) Sixth President of the United States, 1825 – 1829.
“The world of fundamentalists is changeless, barren and growth-less – stunted forever. Centuries go by, world changes, people adapt, societies advance but “their ISLAM” remains ever stuck in the Arab desert of 7th century AD.” – Vijay Agrawal, Thinker and Writer
You may like to explore: Islamic Plunder of Somnath Temple
3. DANGERS OF GLOBAL ISLAMIC TERRORISM
The Institute for Economics & Peace publishes the performance report card of global terrorists every year. The Global Terrorism Index 2017 revealed that terrorists killed 25,673 people in 2016 around the world. In terms of attacks, the 2016 world champion was the ISIS, followed by Boko Haram, Al Qaeda and Taliban. The ISIS also killed the most, 9,132 followed by Taliban (3,583), Al Qaeda (1,349) and Boko Haram (1,079). Iraq is the top victim country, followed by Afghanistan, Nigeria, Syria and Pakistan. Top ten terror infected countries are all Muslim countries except India which occupies the 8th position.
The global brand ambassadors of Islamic terrorism are the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), Al Qaeda, Taliban, Haqqanis, Boko Haram, Al-Shabaab, and Hezbollah. The IS is rooted out from the Middle East, but now it is trying to get territorial hold in the Afghan-Pak region, which is already the fertile ground for breeding terrorists and home of the Talibans and Haqqanis. There are reports that many jihadi groups have declared allegiance to the ISIS. However, entry of the IS in this area will be problematic for Pak ISI because the IS is unlikely to play to the tune of ISI, which would like to have its own terror companies dominate the region. Let’s see who wins the race of dominance.
If India (world’s largest democracy of 1.33 billion people, including around 200 million Muslims) finds a place in the top ten it is not because of the huge Indian Muslim population; it is fully due to its neighbor, the Islamic State of Pakistan which has emerged as the global capital of terrorism – and is now rightly known as a Terroristan.” Its secret agency ISI is well connected to global terror organizations and particularly nurtures terror groups like Laskar-e-Toiba, Jaish-e-Mohammad, and Hizbul Mujahideen to create jihadi violence in India, particularly in Kashmir. Pakistan is a hotbed of Islamic terrorists with over 150 terrorist training camps. It grooms terrorists as undeclared strategic assets and its highly radicalized society offers abundant human resource for terror corporations.
Globally wanted terrorists like Hafiz Saeed roam freely on its streets spewing venom against the humanity, holding public gatherings and declaring plans to enter Pak parliament. Despite the US pressure, it appears totally incapable of acting against the terror groups operating from its soil.
Although the Islamic ambition to rule the world is as old as Islam itself, the current spell of Islamic terrorism originates from the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan that was opposed by the US-Pak created army of Afghan jihadis. They also attracted mujahideens (Islamic holy warriors) from other parts of the world, particularly the Middle East. The communists left but the Al Qaeda remained along with its highly trained and motivated jihadi fighters who started nurturing global ambitions, and ended up doing the 9/11 in the US.
In the past quarter century, the ‘radical Islamist terrorism’ as US President Trump calls it, has grown into a global monster. People variously call it jihadi terrorism, radical Islam, Wahhabism, Salafi jihadism and so on. The ideologues of this violent ideology also draw inspirations from Quran, but in absolutely political way. They are also convinced that their Allah is pleased when they kill people and would reward them with highly intense sensual pleasures if they die killing humanity.
They completely reject all modern ideas – free speech, free enterprise, freedom to think, respect for people of other faiths, equality of men and women, separation of religion from government, basic human rights. They even reject the modern nation-state model of sovereign countries and see all Muslims as one people, Umma, and aim to impose Shari’ah everywhere and want people to live like the primitive tribals of 7th century Arab desert where women were treated like men’s personal properties. It is not their concern that it is the 21st century modern world where people have different aspirations and values.
Yet, they must get credit for not shunning modern automatic weapons for killing and cyber technology for spreading their ideology. It is really strange because these things did not exist 1400 years ago in the Shari’ah society and therefore, must be Haram just as nail-polishes and lipsticks are. However, let’s not get too far and respect their irrationalities and conveniences!
The biggest problem is that they are inherently expansionist. So you can’t expect that if you give them a piece of land they would live happily thereafter inside the territory. They would attack neighbors for expansion because their god wants them to kill everyone who doesn’t submit to their will! And what they would do after winning – they would slaughter men, take away women and girls as sex slaves and for breeding, and destroy everything they don’t like. There is 1400 year old history behind this pattern of conduct. You may read: 1000 Years of Jihad in India.
Their primary weapon is terror. Reflecting the realities of the 21st century, they use bombs and automatic weapons rather than swords. And their signature terror tactics are: sending suicide bombers into crowded places, exploding bombs at funerals, targeting subways and rail stations, throwing acid on girls going to school, flying hijacked airplanes into buildings, trampling pedestrians with trucks or vans, killing people with knives. Their future innovations could be poisoning water bodies, initiating fires at public places, virus attack, chemical weapons, targeting hospitals, old-age homes and primary schools, etc.
Glamorization of Terrorism
The ISIS revived the barbarism of pre-Islamic Arab world – executions through beheading, burning people alive, using and selling women of other faiths as sex-slaves, training innocent kids to kill and behead and so on. It erased the distinction between the civil-world and the under-world and between civilians and criminals. Aiming to Islamize the whole world under a global Islamic Caliphate it glamorized and globalized the cult of jihadi violence and terror – exploiting the social media platforms. Its propaganda leads (or misleads) normal Muslims to aim for bigger achievements beyond this life by dying in jihad by promising highly intense sensual pleasures in Heaven. For example, they would be rewarded with 72 virgins for sex pleasure in Heaven as they blow the suicide vest; the ISIS jihadis believe it.
Motivated by its “jihadi call”, thousands from around the world came to Iraq and Syria to die for the Allah. A lot more could not come but remain highly indoctrinated in the jihad ideology and are mentally ready to ‘die for Allah’ while killing – perhaps in their own neighbourhood or city. Such ‘lone wolves’ exist in practically all countries with Muslim community. Such people live normally and have no previous criminal records, so authorities have no clue about their presence, until they strike suddenly.
Communism Vs Terrorism
What is common between communism and Jihadi terrorism?
Both are ideology driven; both are totalitarian and oppressive, both can’t tolerate dissent, and both are without respect for human life. If communism unites communists, the terror ideology unites the terrorists regardless of where they live. Both believe that peace comes only after decimating those who think differently. Thus, they keep waging wars. Ironically, their war never ends and peace never comes. And both perpetually wage war against freedoms of voice and choice. However, despite the lofty dream of global caliphate, the jihadis comes around as utterly immature, myopic and self-destructive in comparison with followers of Stalin and Mao.
Another peculiar similarity is the issue of loyalty. When Indian communists bat for China or North Korea or when anti-nationals hoists Pakistani or ISIS flag in India, they are declaring that their loyalties lie in some distant land. Thus, a ‘lone actor’ jihadi is a traitor; he wants to destroy the very same society or nation that shelters him. Communists are no different – although not so dramatic.
Nonetheless, the godless communist discourse is much simpler than the nothing-but-god philosophy of the jihadis. Consequently, unlike the believers of the holy-Book the believers of the red-Book don’t kill themselves when they want to kill others. It is pure commonsense – just kill the enemy, stay alive and be happy! Why hallucinate about fictional Heaven populated with charming virgins who only have sex with the dead!
The communist-radical mullah nexus has ruined the socio-political fabric of India; it is also a big threat to Indian democracy which is sustained by the way of life of 1 billion non-Muslims.
3a) WAHHABISM – THE IDEOLOGY OF JIHADI TERRORISM
All Islamic radicals, fundamentalists, extremists and terrorists derive their ideological inspiration and justification from distorted and out of context interpretation of the Prophet’s words and deeds. They appear mentally incapable of absorbing the ‘essence’ of Islam which is peace, brotherhood and compassion. This spirit makes Islam a religion of peace. But they are repelled by such thoughts. They merely want to ape the Prophet as if he was a mere political leader who had to fight wars; not a saintly person. Hence, for 14 centuries they have been invading countries and terrorizing humankind into submission – in the name of Islam.
The ISLAM of terrorists is based on negation: nobody but us, no other god than ours, and no other religion but ours’. And if you disagree, you shall die. – Vijay Agrawal, Thinker and writer
Around 250 years ago, this cult was revived by Muhammad ibn Abd-al Wahhab (1703 – 1792) among the Bedouin tribes in Arab desert. His influence on the Saud tribe (one among many squabbling tribe) ultimately led to creation of Saudi Arabia in the 1930s which is founded on Wahhabi ideology. Obsessed for dominance in the name of Islam they can’t stand any disagreement, from Muslims and non-Muslims alike. Their only way to erase dissent is to eliminate the dissenter.
For decades, Saudi Arabia has spent an enormous amount of resources to propagate this Wahhabi cult through mosques and madarasas around the world. As a result, more and more Muslims around the world have given up peaceful religious interpretation of Quran and fallen for the context-less and distorted Wahhabi twists. Thus, wherever Wahhabi mullahs preach they only promote intolerance, separatism, isolationism and obscurantism – thereby making their disciples unfit to live peacefully anywhere. But they make ideal raw material for jihad factories.
All Islamic terror groups display this pathological intolerant tendency, regardless of their geographical location, race or color. Thus, worldwide all jihadi terrorists speak the same language of hate, violence, terror and destruction – in the name of Allah or Quran.
It helps to trace the origin and history of ‘jihad’ that goes back to 7th century during Mohammed’s time, against the Arab during (622-634 AD).
3b) HOW TERRORISM HAS POLARIZED THE WORLD
The senseless jihadi violence around the world has clearly polarized the world: Muslims against the rest. Every act of Islamic terror strengthens the anti-Muslim sentiments in non-Muslim communities. As a result, anti-Islam groups and political parties are emerging in most countries. Election of Donald Trump as US president from an anti-Muslim platform is a significant event and perhaps the best indicator of how global politics is shaping for the future. He has already banned immigration from six disturbed Muslim countries and openly takes anti-Muslim stand. His recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital is another glaring example of that.
In European countries too anti-Islamic groups are emerging or getting stronger. Even Germany has seen rise of an extreme right wing party (AFD) for the first time since the WW2. Politicians like Angela Merkel now get branded as traitors for liberally allowing refugees. There is a strong undercurrent in European nations against allowing refugees from the Middle East to prevent entry of radicalized Muslims and trained terrorists. Many worry about changing demographic balance and cultural change with rising Muslim population.
The anti-Islamic sentiment is increasingly jeopardizing the well-being and security of ordinary Muslims around the world. They are constantly looked down upon as “suspects” and untrustworthy. Airport security checks have already become quite distressing for Muslims around the world. Racial targeting of Muslims has increased in most nations affected with jihadi terrorism.
The prospect of having indoctrinated ‘lone actor jihadi’ in the neighborhood, is frightening for ordinary citizens. They are scared because they can’t be sure that the Parvez Mussharraf, Hafiz Saeed Sheikh, or Azmal Kasab living next door is not an indoctrinated jihadi terrorist, waiting for his chance to attack them. Naturally, today there is widespread resentment everywhere against Muslims.
If you ever thought that terrorists only scare non-Muslims, you are wrong. When the Taliban, Al Qaeda and ISIS propagate their version of Islam, even normal Muslims feel terrified because the ‘imposed Islam’ is totally unfamiliar to them. Moreover, it is a fact that jihadis have killed more Muslims in the name of Islam than they killed non-Muslims. You may like to read how Islamophobia in Pakistan is affecting the Pak society.
3c) WESTERN OIL POLITICS AND THE RISE OF ISLAMIC FUNDAMENTALISM
How Unjust Western Oil Policies led to Rise of Radical Islam
Islamic terrorism in the Middle East should be seen in the context of Western meddling for oil control. Ever since the oil was discovered in the 1930s in the Saudi Arabia, practically everything in the region has revolved around one single issue: Western oil interests. Thus, the US and its European allies have been solidly supporting the Saudi Arabia which is the most conservative Islamic country practicing a highly intolerant version of Islam – Wahhabism. And the Saudis have been using their petro-dollars for propagating their Wahhabi doctrine around the world.
Post WW2 history tells us that the US has always promoted puppet regimes in the Middle East to serve its own interests. It never allowed people to raise their aspirations and democracies to run freely. This has allowed the fundamentalists to emerge as defenders of people’s cause. Thus, the US scuttled democracy in Iran in 1953 to install a favorable king, who was ultimately thrown away by militant Islamic movement in late 1970s. It turned ‘good’ Iran into ‘bad’ Iran; and now the US sees Iran as the biggest ‘devil’ of the Middle East!
Iraqi Dictator Saddam was a ‘good’ ally as long he kept fighting the ‘bad’ Iran; he became ‘bad’ only when he invaded Kuwait in the early 1990s that threatened Western oil interests. Saddam became ‘really bad’ when he made Iraq really strong and started defying the US; it was when the 9/11 happened. The Bush-Blair duo decided to invade Iraq under the false pretext of destroying his non-existent WMDs and supposed links with the 9/11 terrorists. However, the Iraq war was only about ‘protecting Western oil interests’ and nothing else. Additionally, as the West show-cased the latest range of weaponry in the real battle field, their weapon industry started bagging huge orders from around the world.
Roots of the current Syrian mess can also be traced back to the overthrowing of democratic government in Syria. Today, Assad regime of Syria is ‘bad’ for the US, but is ‘good’ for the Russians and Iran! The US-Russian rivalry only adds further complications in the region. When the US led Western troops withdrew from Iraq the vacuum was filled by the ISIS which further fueled Islamic fundamentalism not just in the region but throughout the world among Muslims.
Now though the ISIS is defeated on the ground but the ‘virtual Islamic State’ is still radicalizing people through its highly elaborate online campaign on social media. That’s worrying nations about the ‘lone wolf’ type attacks by local Muslims which are hard to spot.
Sadly, while the dead get counted the sufferings of millions of affected people remain out of media headlines. Thousands of refugees from the war torn regions have died trying to cross over to Europe for safety. And those who reached the other shore are not sure if they really have safe future. But these issues are not important for the West.
If it were a Just-World, the Bush-Blair couple would have been put on trial for unjust invasion and mass genocide in Iraq. But we live in a highly unjust world, dictated by whoever holds the bigger gun.
Now let’s come to another epicenter of global terrorism: the Pak-Afghan region in the South Asia.
After the 9/11, attack the US troops arrived in Afghanistan in 2001 hunting for Osama bin Laden and are still there after 16 years, although they managed to kill Osama living right inside Pakistan. And the terror groups are still in pink health despite countless drone attacks and dropping the ‘mother of all bombs.’ Incidentally, Osama and his Al Qaeda were ‘good’ for the Americans when they were fighting the Soviet occupiers of Afghanistan in the 1980s. The US had no problem with Wahhabi Osama and his activities until the 9/11 happened on its own soil. Then the ‘good’ terrorist became a ‘really bad’ most-wanted terrorist!
The Americans made another vital mistake in the 1980s after the communist left Afghanistan. They did not dismantle the Jihadi army and the jihad factories they created with the help of Pakistan. It also ignored the fact that Pakistan, instead of scrapping the terror infrastructure, continued operating it. However, this time for a nefarious plan – of directing the trained terrorists against India, its “eternal” enemy. Thus, India became the first victim of Islamic terrorism after the communist departed from Afghanistan; it still is. By the time 9/11 happened a decade later, Pakistan had a mushrooming terror industry. In the mid 1990s, it installed a Talibani government in Afghanistan – which the Americans threw away when they arrived looking for Osama in 2001.
In 2017, Pakistan has emerged as the global capital of terrorism and a hotbed of terrorists. The Taliban, Haqqanis, ISIS, and Al Qaeda terrorists have active support in Pakistan and they keep launching attacks in Afghanistan. Now the US wants Pakistan to destroy them but Pakistan is hesitant.
It is apparent that the US lacks the faculty of farsightedness in its policies.
3d) WHAT IS WRONG WITH THE “WAR ON TERRORISM”
Barak Obama killed a lot of terrorists through guns and drones, but the more he killed the more came alive! The game still continues. Baghdadi has been already killed 7 times! The ISIS is defeated in the Middle East but the ‘virtual Islamic State’ is still firmly ‘grounded in the cyberspace’ and radicalizing Muslims around the world.
Obsessed with “political correctness”, Trump’s predecessor Obama recited the mantra “terrorism has no religion” and treated terrorists as underworld criminals who happened to be Muslims. He thus reduced Bush’s “war on terrorism” to a “fight against terrorists”. Thus, he only fought the terrorists, not terrorism or the ideology that fuels it.
Donald Trump calls the phenomenon ‘radical Islamist terrorism’. Trump should certainly get the credit for calling a spade a spade and also for not fooling the world in the name of ‘political correctness’. However, there is little indication of how his counter-terrorism measures would be different from his predecessors’.
In the context of his Afghanistan policy, he has rightly identified Pakistan as the safe-haven for terrorists and has demanded from Pakistan to take action against the Haqqanis and Taliban who indulge in terrorism in Afghanistan. He has withheld the annual dole until Pakistan takes decisive action. Yet, Pakistan continues to defy the sentiments of the global community.
For argument’s sake, even if the US forces Pakistan into action and eliminates some terrorists the cult of terrorism is unlikely to end; it doesn’t counter the ideology of terrorism. On the contrary, the terrorists would gain further sympathy from Pak’s highly radicalized society – as ‘true’ warriors of Islam!
Therefore, the only lasting solution to jihadi terrorism is to attack the ideology alongside the battle with troops, guns and drones. Trump has to fight this ideology just as the US waged the ideological war against communism during the cold war era. . The human resource for the terror training camps comes from the madarsas where ideological indoctrination takes place. For that he needs to connect with the peace loving Islamic scholars and preachers and isolate the distortionist preachers and propagandists. He also needs to pay attention to social media which has emerged as a global platform for radicalization. For this he needs to create a team of “virtual commandos” from the genuine Islamic experts who can tear apart the distorted interpretations and hollow arguments of the fundamentalists. There are instances of Muslims who joined the militancy influenced by radical brainwashing but when someone pointed the “right knowledge” they came back to normal life. President Trump should also focus on utilizing them as “virtual commandoes” to counter the jihadi propaganda..
How the terrorists have turned the “holy book of peace” into the “unholy book of violence” is apparent from this passage from the training manual of the Al Qaeda:
“[An] Islamic government would never be established except by the bomb and rifle. Islam does not coincide or make a truce with unbelief, but rather confronts it. The confrontation that Islam calls for with these godless and apostate regimes, does not know Socratic debates, Platonic ideals nor Aristotelian diplomacy. But it knows the dialogue of bullets, the ideals of assassination, bombing, and destruction, and the diplomacy of the cannon and machine-gun. The young came to prepare themselves for [holy war], commanded by the majestic Allah’s order in the holy Koran.”
Remove the words – Islamic, Allah and Koran – and it becomes an ideology of plain anti-human beastly conduct.
3e) GLOBAL MUSLIM POPULATION
Worldwide around 1.6 billion people follow ‘Islam’ – divided between Sunnis (87-90%) and Shias (10-13%). Both Indian and Pakistani Muslim communities follow this Shia-Sunni ratio. However, there are further divisions that complicate their mutual sectarian relations. Iran is the global hub of Shias, and the Sunni world looks towards Saudi Arabia for religious leadership.
About 1 billion (or 62 percent) live in the Asia pacific region, followed by about 320 million (21 percent) combined in the Middle East – North Africa and 245 million (15 percent) in the Sub Saharan Africa. Americas have just 5 million and entire Europe has only 43 million Muslims. Both France and Germany have around 5 million Muslims, forming 5-7 percent population. Russia has the largest Muslim population of 14 million (or 10 percent) of country’s population.
The largest number of Muslims lives in Indonesia (215 million, forming 88% of country’s population). It is followed closely by Pakistan (205 million) and India (195 million); Bangladesh (160 million) occupies the fourth place. In terms of numbers, other major countries are Egypt (80 million), Nigeria (80 million), Iran (75 million), and Turkey (74 million).
The politics of oil rich Gulf region is dictated by the traditional rivalry between Shia Iran (75 million) and the cash rich Sunni Saudi Arabia (30 million).
Around 80% Muslims live in countries where they are in majority. However, Indian Muslims are an anomaly; their unusually high population of 195 million is in MINORITY (14.2 percent) in Hindu dominated India!
Danger of Radicalization
A question on globe watchers mind is: Out of 1.6 billion Muslims in the world, how many are radicalized?
Nobody knows for sure but love for medieval Shari’ah law might offer some guidance. A 2013 Pew Research Poll tried to probe it and found that 86 percent of Muslims in Pakistan, 80 percent in Egypt, and 65 percent in Jordan supported stoning of adulterers; and 79 percent in Afghanistan, 62 percent of Palestinians, and 58 percent in Malaysia (considered a moderate Muslim country) supported execution of Muslims who convert from Islam.
Let’s now make some conservative calculations. If just 10 percent of the 1.6 billion population are radicalized (it could be much higher); that’s 160 million people. Among these, how many are willing to get violent or tie suicide jacket and blow up? Let’s again be cautious and say that the figure is only 1%. That’s still a staggering 1.6 million potential terrorists ready to kill, destroy and die for the terror god. Let’s reduce it to just 1 million or 10 lakh.
Pakistan alone may have currently around 0.3 million (300,000) trained jihadi terrorists under banners of several dozen terrorist groups. The biggest one is the Haqqani network with around 1 hundred thousand terrorists.
Although the ISIS has been wiped out from the Middle East, it has extensively radicalized people around the world using the social media – and the process still continues. There are other active groups like the Al Qaeda, Hamas, and Hezbollah along with scores of other groups. Adding Boko Haram and Al-Shabaab operating in North Africa into the list, makes the estimate of 1 million highly realistic. The count of fundamentalists should be several fold higher.
3f) MUSLIMS IN INDIA
Why Indian Muslims Feel Fortunate Living In India!
Progressive Indian Muslims feel particularly satisfied when they look at the status of the ‘almost failed’ Islamic State of Pakistan – the only nation ever founded in the name of Islam. Pakistan – literally, the land of Purity – is rotting infected with all kinds of extremists and fundamentalists. On the Pak soil the space for civility and civil society has shrunk to dangerous extent.
The case of Muslim population in India is highly peculiar: It is the third largest Muslim population (195 million) in the world after Indonesia and Pakistan, but as minority! Yet, the number of people gone to join jihad in Syria has been exceptionally insignificant – just a few hundred, at most. In contrast, Europe with just around 25 million Muslims has seen thousands going to join the ISIS. It speaks volumes about the benign influence of majority Hindus and their way of life.
Indian Muslims enjoy full freedom and fruits of modern democracy, nurtured by highly tolerant and accommodative majority Hindus. Thanks to the moderating influence of peace loving majority Hindus, Shia and Sunni Muslims don’t blow up themselves or each other’s Mosques – unlike in Pakistan. Such is the tolerance and secular mindset of Hindus that top Bollywood stars are Muslims. Pak artists crave to work in the Bollywood. Amir Khan can make a blockbuster film mocking Hindu gods and stay safe. A noted, but mentally deranged, Muslim painter (Hussain) could proudly show off his lecherous mind by painting nude pictures of Hindu goddesses – and yet remained alive! It’s all because tolerance is the core principle of Hindu way of life and the concept of ‘blasphemy’ is totally alien to Hindu ethos. The Dharma based foundation of Hindu philosophy is so strong that slanderous cartoons and movies don’t threaten it, unlike the ritualistic Islam. However, they do damage the social fabric.
Thus, even those Indian Muslims whose heart always beats for Pakistan feel fortunate that they live safely in India among naturally secular and tolerant Hindus. The only Muslims unhappy are the fanatics like the Hyderabadi Owaisis who can’t stop dreaming about annihilating 100 crore Hindus to Islamize India – the unfinished agenda of 1000 years of Islamic invasion or dominance. They send their own kids to modern universities but hallucinate and preach about medieval Shari’ah society to their followers.
Moreover, Indian Muslims are all ex-Hindus – their Hindu ancestors were forced into Islam under threat during the rule of Muslim barbarians for centuries. It is ironic that these ex-Hindus have learned nothing from the Muslims of South East Asia which also once flourished with rich Hindu and Buddhist culture and where current Muslims still feel proud of their ancient pre-Islam cultural heritage. For instance, most Indonesians practice Islam but have not forgotten the culture of their Hindu ancestors and have no problem respecting the ancient Hindu epics like Ramayana.
In comparison, here is the tale of “pure” Islamic culture of Pakistan.
Muslims who migrated from other parts of India to Pakistan during partition got labeled as Mohajirs and treated like second grade citizens. It tried disrespecting democracy in 1971 and lost half of its territory to form Bangladesh. People of its largest and mineral rich province Balochistan live under military oppression ever since 1948 1948 – now further troubled by the activities of Chinese economic corridor. People of Sindh remain alienated by the Punjab centric national politics. Pak democracy is more of a joke; people elect government that runs dictated by Pak army and ISI. People need development but the army develops fundamentalists and terrorist.
In the past three decades, religious fundamentalism has infected every organ of Pak society. Saudi backed Wahhabi mullahs have taken control of a large number of madarsas and mosques. There are over hundred training camps to produce jihadi terrorists; many with their own madarsas. Globally wanted terrorists roam freely on the streets spitting venom against humanity. Backed by Pak military they are now forming political parties, contesting elections and trying to enter parliament – clever ploy to undermine democracy by sidelining leaders of the civil society!
By now, the country is almost irreversibly infected by all kinds of extremists and terrorists and is appropriately seen as global capital of terrorism – a “terroristan”. International Pakistan watchers are highly distressed to see the shrinking space for normal citizens. They are seriously concerned about country’s stability and safety of its nuclear weapons, due to worsening fundamentalist rot.
A demographic comparison of India and Pakistan reveals the striking difference between Hindu and Islamic cultures.
India’s Muslim population has steadily grown since independence, both in numbers and in percentage. With the fertility rate of about 3.2 children per woman (national average, 2.2), it is the fastest growing community in India! Muslims formed just 9.8 percent of total Indian population in 1951; now they are 14.2 percent and expected to be 20 percent by 2050.
In contrast, the non-Muslim population in Pakistan has steadily decreased since its birth, from around 23 percent to less than 2 percent today – reflecting the destructive Islamic dominance on minority groups. Nothing surprising, the same trend exists in the Islamic Bangladesh also. Just recently, the first ever Hindu Chief Justice of Bangladesh was forced to flee the country; murder of Hindus due to their faith is a commonly reported phenomenon. There are terror groups connected with Pak ISI, ISIS and Al Qaeda.
3g) JIHADI THREAT TO INDIA
Although very few from Indian Muslim community actually went to Middle East or Afghanistan to indulge in jihadi lunacy, the extent of sympathy and inclination towards violence should be much higher. If one radicalized Muslim turns into jihadi killer there must be at least hundred more with similar bent of mind; they are all potential trouble makers for the future. Given the obsession to put Islam into everything, the Muslim community is known for the tendency of isolationism, which can easily translate into separatism. This is typical of the mullah controlled community, practically all over the world. These traits are exploited by the radical preachers such as Zakir Naik and Wahhabi maulvis to promote jihadi psychosis. Unfortunately, in India, there are notorious Hindu haters like Owaisis and hundreds of others who yearn for the Mughal rule when Hindus were treated like filth and animals and regularly humiliated. Then there is the class of clerics (like the Imam of Delhi’s Jama Masjid) and the likes of Sheikh Abdullah who still feel closer to Islamabad than New Delhi.
All such elements thrive in the safe and free environment of Indian democracy, which squarely derives strength from the 85% Indians who are inherently accommodative and tolerant of diversity. Although the current decadent state of Islamic Pak society discourages them yet their presence in India provides comfort to Pakistani rulers. In addition to these weirdoes India is also home to the clan of appeasement politicians (fake seculars) who can’t grasp the gravity of threat to national security from Pak jihadis.
When in 2014 the Islamic State (IS) showed the feasibility of grabbing territories through the army of jihadis in Iraq and Syria it only concretized the exclusivist sharia’h mindset that is also ubiquitous among the backward looking mullahs of India. There are local pockets, for example in West Bengal – Bangladesh border region, where illegal immigrants have changed the demography and Muslims have outnumbered non-Muslims. In many such areas, the radical elements try imposing their dream Sharia’h jurisdiction. It means nothing but fear and threat for the non-Muslims; thus, quite frequently they leave the area for safety. It further strengthens ghettoization of Muslims. Recently, a dalit village called Gautam Nagar saw arrival of a large number of Muslims that changed in local demography. Soon, radical Muslims unilaterally change the name of the village to Islam Nagar. They could have as well called the area an Islamic State, intention remains the same.
All non-Muslims of India have to guard against such exclusionary Islamic gimmicks for dominance, which has ideological history of 14 centuries.
India’s Jihadi Gangs
They are disgrace on the land of Buddha and Gandhi who preached non-violence to the whole world.
All the above elements of Indian Muslim community are represented in several organized gangs; of course, with the sole aim of turning India into an Islamic State. They are all legally banned. Thus, the Student Islamic Movement of India (SIMI) was formed in 1977 and the Indian Mujahideen (IM) was created in 2002. An IM splinter group called Ansar ut-Tawhid fi Bilad al-Hind (Supporters of Monotheism in the Land of India) pledged allegiance to the IS in 2014. Junud ul-Khilafa e-Hind (Soldiers of the Indian Caliphate) is another group formed in 2015. The Popular Front of India (PFI), apparently a social organization in Kerala, is reportedly involved in shady gimmicks of ‘Love-Jihad” – a phrase coined by Christian missionaries – whereby Muslim men trap non-Muslim girls into love affair with the ulterior motive of luring them into conversion and marrying them for sexual exploitation, and finally sending them to global jihadis for prostitution and breeding. There are reports that many madarsas in Kerala preach Wahhabi doctrine to children to prepare them for global jihad.
Pak Sponsored Terrorism
The cancer of fundamentalism has penetrated deeply into Pak society and eaten away whatever little sense of rationality it had. It is now a terroristan, the global terror capital. As a result, it is a nation waiting to die rotting as the cancer of Islamic fundamentalist eats away its vital organs. It greatly increases jihadi threat to India.
As the US is withdrawing its aid, Pakistan is increasingly falling in the lap of China who needs Pakistan territory for its road connectivity project. It also means ever increasing Chinese economic and military influence over Pakistan. No surprise, if Pakistan soon turns into a Chinese colony for all practical purposes. Simultaneously, the grip of fundamentalists and terrorists on Pak society is tightening. These rogue elements have no fear because the army needs and backs them. At the same time, the separatist voices of the Balochs, Sindhis and Pakhtuns are increasingly becoming louder. Taken together, a highly unpredictable and explosive situation is developing in Pakistan. Perhaps the only gluing force that that is keeping the country intact – at least, for now – is the typical ‘hate-India narrative’ coming from the Islamic solidarity for Kashmiris.
Pak ISI is increasing its influence in the South Asian region, beyond Afghanistan and Kashmir. Now it is nurturing terror groups in Bangladesh and Myanmar using Rohingya terrorists. Its India focused terror groups like the LeT, JM and Hizbul are promoting fanaticism around the idea of Gazwa-e-Hind, conquering and Islamizing India. Lofty ideals certainly create bigger fanaticism, as the IS proved in the Middle East, but it is hardly sustainable.
4. A TERRIBLE MISTAKE ! EQUATING “DHARMA” WITH “RELIGION”
4a) DHARMA VS RELIGION
India, the land south of Himalaya, is the land of “Dharma.” Indian ethos comes from its ancient Vedic philosophy which revolves around “Dharma.” Invariably, all India born life philosophies are centered upon Dharma which transcends the shallow boundaries of manmade faiths, beliefs and ideologies. ‘Dharma’ has no equivalent word in the foreign languages because such culture did not exist anywhere else.
It was a grave mistake when Indians equated “Dharma” with the English word “Religion”. The difference between ‘dharma’ and ‘religion’, which is a foreign concept, is profound. The wrong translation occurred because people used the phrases like Hindu Dharma, Sikh Dharma, Jain Dharma and so on to describe their philosophies. Strictly speaking, it is wrong to say that the Hindu Dharma is Hindu religion, the Sikh Dharma is Sikh religion, or the Jain Dharma is Jain religion. There is only one Dharma – that’s nature’s Reality which is universal. However, Christianity and Islam are certainly ‘Religions.’
Equating ‘Dharma’ with ‘religion’ is like saying that a football is same as ping-pong ball because both are ‘round’ or because both are used to play sport! This has ended up devaluing the life philosophies of majority of Indians – who don’t practice Islam and Christianity – and distorted the public discourse.
Word ‘Hindu’ was coined by the Arab, to address people living in this region. The colonial British used it for the first time when they started counting population. Of course, they also had divisive motives. Thus, ‘Hindu’ is a geographical term just like ‘Arab’ or ‘Persian’. And, Hinduism should be seen as their way of life. Likewise, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism etc point to the respective philosophies of the followers. Yet, none of these are ‘religions’ in the sense Christianity and Islam are. So what are they?
All India born life philosophies – such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism etc – are simply different paths to practice Dharma, which is universal and eternal.
What is Dharma
“Dharma provides a sound and fundamental world-view which is universal and independent of beliefs and traditions. It correctly orients people to the universe and thus, serves as a basic guide for peaceful human living.”
Dharma pervades and guides the Indian way of life since the most ancient times. All scriptures revolve around Dharma in various ways. “Dharma” essentially points to nature’s order, various laws according to which the whole existence – including the human world – operates. For the human world, Dharma deals with the right human ethics and adopting them in personal conduct for a peaceful life.
This ‘knowledge’ or Dharma evolved (got discovered) from the efforts and experiences of countless Yogis and sages of the ancient past. Their experience got documented in the 4 Veda – in Sanskrit vedana denotes experience or feeling. They discovered that everything is interconnected through some divine force that pervades everything and every being – this reality is ‘Dharma’ or universal Truth. Some even called it God, although not necessary. Thus, Indians respect all forms of life as well as nature’s rivers and mountains; and see humanity as one big family (vasudeva Kutumbakam) – disregarding diversities and dissimilarities.
This knowledge permeates throughout India, right from Kashmir to Kanyakumari and Meghalaya to Maharashtra. In fact, even before Christ and Mohammad when the influence of Dharma culture extended to most of East Asia and to Afghanistan and beyond in the West, the Western and Chinese travelers saw just “One India” everywhere, despite widespread diversities. Even early Christians and Muslims, who had to escape their homeland to avoid ‘persecution’ at the hands of their own co-religionists, found shelter on the Indian soil and merged effortlessly among good-natured local people despite their foreign ‘faith’ – the sole reason for persecution!
Faiths and beliefs can’t change the reality that people are human beings whose existence is governed by nature’s laws. They all are born, get sick, commit mistakes and die in the same way. If you hurt people you would be hurt in the future; if you are good to others you get rewarded with good immediately or in future. It’s law of Karma that operates on every human being. These laws operate even if you don’t know or ‘believe’ in them! They are all part of natural order; this is Dharma that is always working, even in your ignorance!
All India-born philosophies like Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism or Sikhism are seen as mere different paths leading to the same ultimate truth – or Dharma, the natural order. This universal reality is sometimes called God – a formless God. Despite differences in customs and traditions, people of these different philosophies have coexisted since millenniums. When the ultimate Truth, or natural order, is accepted as God, there is no question of my-God-bigger-than-your-God type of childish tussle. But that is certainly inherent in the Western idea of ‘religion.’
Dharma focuses on good ethical conduct and encourages rational inquiry with an open mind. It is all about right human values and their practice in life. It is also about pious and responsible behavior. It boils down to the practice of non-violence, non-greed, and understanding the natural law of Karma which means doing good deeds bring good fruits in future and harming others invite pain and misery.
Thus, Indians grow up learning that conduct is more important than beliefs. The Western theist-vs-atheist debate is irrelevant here. For instance, Buddhism has no God and yet Buddha’s followers are among the most peace loving people in the world. Thus, acceptance of diversity of beliefs is already an integral part of Indian society. The word ‘Hindutva’ has been coined to denote this collective ethos.
Religions have killed more people than all the wars in the history combined. – Anonymous
‘Religion’ is strictly a narrow Western construct and blind-belief in some manmade fictional god-philosophy. It denotes a very specific rigid theory. It was coined to denote the Abrahamic or Prophetic philosophies such as Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
A religion is a set of fixed ideas revolving around some imaginary God, who conveys his teaching through a messenger (for example, Jesus or Mohammad) which gets written in a Book. Thus, 2000 years ago, some unseen God conveyed something through Jesus and Bible came into being. Thus, Christianity was born and the ‘Believers’ became Christian!
It was replicated in the early 7th century when another God called Allah conveyed something through Mohammad that got written in Quran – it was the birth of Islam. And the ‘believers’ called themselves Muslim. Nobody knows if the Islamic Allah is bigger or smaller than the Christian God.
The follower of a religion is supposed to ‘believe’ in the whole package without questioning and become a privileged ‘Believer!’ Religions are all about blind ‘belief’. The best part is: becoming ‘believer’ is end of the game! You, by believing, become superior to the non-believers! Clearly, religions are all about superiority-inferiority politics.
If you can’t believe in the unseen Allah you can’t be a Muslim and you must believe in the fictional Christian God and Jesus to become a Christian. If you can’t believe in Allah or God, forget about being ‘religious!’ Further, you can’t be a Muslim and a Christian at the same time! The two are mutually exclusive. Perhaps, you will be dispatched to Hell – another fictional place no one has seen!
Despite the claimed of divinity, religions are purely manmade fiction revolving around an imagined God. When Jesus and Mohammad taught people their aim was to enforce right human values in people so that they can lead ethical and harmonious life. But much too soon, their teachings turned into ‘Religion’ and into political ideologies that gave birth to ‘conversion industry’ that works to increase the number of believers. Thus, Christian Crusaders and Islamic Jihadis went on expansion spree through what they called “holy war” to grow their dominance. Today, Christian missionaries and Islamic Mullahs around world are working on the same agenda – to grow their numbers. No one remembers any more the very purpose of religion.
The biggest problem with religions is that they kill rational thinking and make people submissive. Another serious issue is that of context-less and distorted interpretation of words written centuries ago and imposing them on people of modern society. This is what the world calls religious extremism or fundamentalism – and this is highly dangerous. Jihadi terrorism is the glaringly example of religious fanaticism. Islamic Jihadis indulge in all types of violence and destructive activities – believing that they are merely performing their religious duties. In reality, they have lost the capacity to think and behave like sane human-beings.
This is the ugliest side of man-made political science called ‘religion’.
In comparison, none of the Indian philosophies preach hate or violence to impose their thinking on others. In fact, people of India were not even conscious of their “faith” until the ‘faithists’ – Christians and Muslims – came in. And they even came as refugees running away to avoid persecution from the co-believers in their own lands!! Sufi Muslims make a notable example of this category. Astonishingly, even today many Islamic societies don’t consider them as Muslims!!
On the contrary, if religions focus on their ‘essence’ – the central core of the whole teaching – they would be pointing only to universal good, universal human values and universal truth which are nothing but different aspects of Dharma! But such people are rare in the Christian and Muslim communities.
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4b) ORIGIN OF ‘HINDU’ AND ‘HINDUISM’ WORDS
It is speculated that the pronunciation habit of ancient Persian explorers silenced the letter S from Sindhu and they addressed people living around Sindhu River as Hindus. It is also interesting to note that for the Greeks Sindhu was Indos. Even today, we have phrases like Indo-China, Indo-American, Indo-Pacific etc. The term “Hindustan” was first used in the 12th century by barbaric invader Muhammad Ghori, to describe the land of “Hindus”.
According to Encyclopedia Britannica, the word ‘Hinduism’ did not exist before 1830. It was coined by the colonial British from ‘Hindu’ by adding the suffix ‘ism’ to describe their way of life. Then in the first census of India in 1871, they categorized all people other than Muslim, Christian, Buddhist, or Jain as ‘Hindu’. Thus, they used the term ‘Hinduism’ in the sense of a ‘religion’ like Islam or Christianity which are monotheist. This association is totally inaccurate and misleading.
In fact, coming from the monotheist Christian culture and limited by vocabulary they couldn’t figure out any better way to describe ‘the way of life’ of ‘Hindus’ which is so varied and pluralistic. After the unsuccessful revolution of 1857 they were highly paranoid about the unity of their subject Indians and were trying every possible means — political, administrative and social – to keep their subjects divided. The words ‘Hindu’ and ‘Hinduism’ gave them verbal convenience to do that, to pit Muslims against the rest who were thus far without community label.
Their Encyclopedia Britannica also suffered from the same handicap when it tried translating ‘Hinduism’ and admitted that every attempt at a specific definition of Hinduism has proved unsatisfactory in one way or another. “…Hinduism is not a revealed religion and, therefore, has neither a founder nor definite teachings or common system of doctrines … It has no organization, no dogma or accepted creeds. There is no authority with recognized jurisdiction. A man, therefore, could neglect any one of the prescribed duties of his group and still be regarded as a good Hindu.”
It explains ‘Hinduism’ as:
“…Hinduism is both a civilization and a congregation of religions; it has neither a beginning, nor a founder, nor a central authority, hierarchy or organization. It is the glorious magnanimity of Hinduism that one can be a believer in one God, or multiplicity of Gods or even none at all. Hinduism does not expel much less crucify alleged non believers.”
Now, let’s go beyond the limited philosophical understanding of the Britishers.
Indian philosophies – of the Buddha, Mahavira, Guru Nanak and so many other saints – are all entirely different from the foreign born ‘religions’ like the Christianity and Islam, and share all the fundamentals of what the British called ‘Hinduism’. None of the India born system divide humanity into ‘believers’ and ‘non-believers’. They are all ‘Dharma’ (universal truth) based philosophies to lead pure life. They all accept that ‘Truth is One but can be reached through various paths’ and see ‘humanity as one big family’. Thus, tolerance and acceptance of diversity are inbuilt in all of them. They all focus on conduct; not on mere belief. They all promote respect for the whole existence – both animate and inanimate – as manifestation of the universal energy, the Truth or God. Therefore, they can see divinity everywhere. There is never the question of imposing anything upon others, as everyone is free to choose and decide.
In striking contrast, the philosophies of Jesus or Mohammad take away the freedom to choose and decide from their followers. The ‘believers’ have no choice but to accept and believe in the pre-decided things. There is no place for any other opinion or approach. These so-called ‘believers’ have caused massive genocides in the history of 2000 years just to force others to ‘believe’ in their ‘Only God’ they had never seen themselves. Mostly they live as slaves of words written 1400 or 2000 years ago. They hallucinate to have become superior by merely believing in something, while in conduct they only turn cockier, intolerant and isolationist.
Tolerating diversity and difference of opinion are alien concepts, not written in the holy Books of the ‘believers.’
4c) WHO IS ‘ARYA’?
Western historians have widely promoted the speculative theory of ‘Aryan migration’ – after imagining existence of a superior race called ‘Arya’. Thus, for India they actively promoted the idea of Aryan coming from outside while claiming Dravidians (in south India) to be indigenous. This is not at all surprising given their Greeko-Roman cultural and philosophical background. It also indicates their lack of knowledge or deliberate ignorance of India’s ancient cultural past and literature. Many Indian scholars see it as part of their typical ‘White Race Supremacy’ propaganda.
Let’s leave aside their speculative brilliance and myopic mindset, and learn how the word ‘Arya’ was already used in India centuries before their Christ was born. ‘Arya’ can be found in all ancient scriptures, written not only in Sanskrit but in other languages like the Pali. Around the time of the Buddha 2500 years ago, Pali was the language of common people while Sanskrit was common in the elite Brahmin and scholarly community.
‘Arya’ was used in the sense of ‘Respected Sir’ to address learned and/or respect-worthy people. Quite often ladies of royal families would also address their husband and male elders as ‘Arya’.
5. THE UNFINISHED AGENDA OF NATIONAL INTEGRATION
It was the first Indian Home Minister, Sardar Patel who used his political skills to merge over 550 princely estates into the Indian Union. It was natural that these rulers would be reluctant to give up power, but that’s what political realities demanded. In fact, Hyderabad was the last royal estate to get absorbed in India in the 1950s.
It is a matter of pride for all Indians that the NDA government is building a world class monument to honor the “Real Sardar” of India. Such nationalistic things don’t exist in the DNA of Congress Party elites. No surprise if this party has elements who mock at the Indian army Chief and see ‘nationalism’ as symbol of narrow Hindu thinking.
While Patel integrated princely states into one mainstream, many areas were still left ignored and neglected – and waiting to be integrated into national mainstream. These are the North Eastern region and tribal areas scattered across the country, not hotbed of Naxalites. These tribal areas fall under the fifth and sixth schedule and have special autonomy to allow the tribes to rule themselves as per their tradition and enjoy cultural freedom.
Then there is the long pending and sensitive issue of Uniform Civil Code (UCC). Absence of UCC has prevented formation of a common Indian identity, away from the typical religious individuality. Muslim appeasement politics and backward looking Islamic clergy are the biggest hurdles in adopting UCC and allowing India to become a really modern democracy.
5a) THE NORTH EASTERN STATES
In diversity – cultural, linguistic, and traditional – India is more colorful than any other country or even continent. A vital unfinished business of national integration relates to the North Eastern States, connected with mainland India through a very narrow strip of land – called Chicken neck.
It is ironical that people living in the North India know very little about the North Eastern states, their people, culture and tradition. This is frightening. Economic activities have significantly bridged the north-south gap but the North-East still needs to be integrated with rest of the country. Perhaps the best way to do it is to hold regular cultural festivals across India so that people of one state know about others. Connectivity is still a big problem.
It is heartening to see that Modi government is taking serious steps to improve connectivity and spur development in the North Eastern States. Even a special help-line has been set up to take care of their grievances.
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5b) NAXAL VIOLENCE – THE BIGGEST INTERNAL SECURITY THREAT
Can you imagine a country that leaves a vast part of its territory ungoverned? This is exactly what the Congress Party has done in its six decades of governance at the Center.
People in the tribal areas have lived abandoned by the government, which left them at the mercy of forest officials who acted as if they were still employed by the agents of the British East India Company. The governance vacuum was filled by left-wing extremists called naxalites, who exploited the isolation of the tribals and injustices done by state officials and money lenders to strengthen their cadre. Congress governments never really showed any serious willpower to tackle the naxalite violence; they always pretended that was a mere law-and-order problem.
Again the Modi government is giving full attention to this tricky problem it deserves.
The ‘Red Corridor’ and Maoist Violence
Over the years, they carved out a vast territory covering 92,000 sq km area, called “Red Corridor” by the media. It grew dramatically in last 2-3 decades right from Nepal to Tamil Nadu. In the early 1990s the number of districts affected by varying degrees of Maoist violence stood at just 15 in four states. This rose to 55 districts in nine states by the end of 2003 and to 156 districts in 13 states in 2004.
Maoists are currently believed to be operating in around 200 districts (of a total of 604 districts in the country) in 17 states. The worst affected states are Jharkhand, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, and Orissa. The poverty and backwardness of people in these forest covered areas has provided a fertile ground for the growth of Naxals/Maoists.
Download the full report on Naxal/Maoist Violence: NAXAL_Report
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5c) NON-IMPLEMENTATION OF UNIFORM CIVIL CODE (UCC)
Non implementation of the Uniform Civil Code (UCC) means denial of the right to equality. It is an issue that Congress governments of past six decades have been evading, largely to please radical and non-progressive Muslim Mullahs who provide Muslim votes. Actually, the issue of UCC dates back to the colonial period when the British applied a common criminal code on all but allowed different religious communities the freedom to have their own religious laws for personal matters. These different personal laws deal with the matters involving marriage, divorce, inheritance, adoption and maintenance in the respective religious communities.
While framing the Constitution these personal laws were debated extensively. Progressive thinkers saw them as divisive and wanted a Uniform Civil Code on all Indians – in order to create a unique Indian national identity and eradicate caste and religion based identities. But they were opposed on the ground that it would destroy the cultural identity of minorities (primarily, Christians and Muslims). Thus, a compromise was reached – the UCC was placed under the Directive principles (these are non-binding), but which the state shall endeavor to achieve.
Hence, we have Article 44 of the Constitution which says: “The State shall endeavour to secure for the citizens a uniform civil code throughout the territory of India.” And there is Article 14 which ensures right to equality.
In mid-80s the issue of UCC came under national lime light after the infamous Shah Bano case, when the Congress leaders gave priority to ‘appeasement’ over justice to Muslim women.
The “Infamous” Shah Bano Case!
The Shah Bano case of 1985 stirred up a heated debate when the Supreme Court gave its verdict in favor of an elderly Muslim lady and mother of five, Shah Bano. She was divorced by her husband who refused to pay her maintenance beyond the period of iddat (three-month period after divorce in which she cannot remarry) arguing that the Muslim Personal Law allows only that much.
The Supreme Court granted her maintenance for life under Section 125 of the Cr.P.C (according to which he had to maintain her until she remarries or dies, if she has no means of her own for survival). The Supreme Court held that the Cr.P.C. was common for all and that she could claim maintenance under it. Thus the Muslim Personal Law could not be applied.
The backward looking Muslim clergy vehemently opposed it and called it an assault on their Shari’ah law! PM Rajiv Gandhi surrendered and hurriedly passed the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Divorce) Act, 1986 to nullify the SC verdict. However, later the SC nullified this Act and restored its verdict in favor of Shah Bano. Many Muslims including the All India Shia Personal Law Board supported this order.
India Allows 5 Different Personal Laws!
Thus we have several personal laws governing different religious communities.
The Hindu Marriage Act is applicable over people following India born Dharma-based life philosophies – Hindus, Buddhists, Jains or Sikhs. In fact, there are three other acts: the Hindu Succession Act, the Hindu Minority and Guardianship Act, and the Hindu Adoptions and Maintenance Act. They were all passed during 1955-56.
The Muslim Personal Law (Shariat) Application Act, 1937 for Muslims and the Parsee Marriage and Divorce Act that applies on the Parsees.
The Christian Marriage Act, 1872 is applicable on all Indian Christians (except in the state of Goa) and their divorce related matters fall under the Indian divorce act of 1869.
There is also a Special Marriages Act, 1954 which allows marriage irrespective of the religion of couple involved.
Implementing a Uniform Civil Code will make all these laws vanish and all Indians will come under a single law, regardless of religion.
It will make India truly a modern secular state, help eliminate Muslim and Christian ‘vote bank’ politics, reduce the burden the on legal system, and most importantly it will free Muslim women from the archaic, unjust and suppressive practices like triple talaq and male polygamy.
In fact, Goa can show the way. It has a Common Family Law which is also called Goa Civil Code and governs all Goans, although it allows some exceptions to some communities. It is certainly not a true Uniform Civil Code, but shows that it is possible to move towards a UCC, despite the bickering of appeasement politicians and vehement opposition of Muslim Mullahs.
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6. ECONOMIC REFORMS AND LIBERALIZATION
6a) SHIFT FROM SOCIAL IDEALISM TO CAPITALISTIC PRAGMATISM
Until the end of 1980s Indian economy followed Nehruvian socialistic ideals, the business sector remained under the firm control of government through what is called the ‘license kota raj’. It was a mixed economy where private and State run industries existed side by side. Country’s intellectual domain was unambiguously dominated by socialist-communist principles of justice to the poor and working class. It was a time when the rich were seen as exploitative devils and talk of social justice for the down-trodden offered high moral ground.
Nehru was highly impressed with the USSR’s (the Soviet Russia) planned development led by the State run companies. Thus, he started the culture of five-year planning and promoted mega public sector steel projects, power pants, large dams to initiate infrastructure development in country systematically plundered by the British. The development discourse revolved around the government – as if government alone can and should do and decide everything. As a result, the private sector found itself under tight license quota system.
Leftist/communist ideals brought labor laws that betrayed the ground realities in which businesses operate and stay profitable. The ‘DattaSamant’ phenomenon in Mumbai correctly sums up the ultra high influence of labor unions in those days. Industrialists were forced to cater to the union leaders along with the bureaucrats and political master who controlled the license raj in order to be able to operate their enterprises. It badly discouraged the development of the culture of entrepreneurship – the foundation stone of economic development. Over the period, the State machinery turned into a highly lethargic, corrupt and obstructionist bureaucracy, technocrat run State industries embraced the culture of extreme inefficiency and widespread pilferage, and the private sector remained stifled by all manners of bureaucratic approvals.
As a result, people born within first 3 decades grew up in a highly cynical, corrupt and pessimistic socio-economic environment – which was ‘high’ only in the bookish idealisms of all kinds. Large population and high population growth rate was only adding to the developmental vows. Therefore, by the end of 1980s, when the communist bloc fell apart, India also found itself at the verge of bankruptcy. For the first time, India was forced to pledge gold with international lending agencies to get loan – needless to say money came with attached conditions. It, thus, started the era of liberating businesses from state control. It marked the beginning of market led capitalism based on private capital and entrepreneurship. It also demanded the government to restrict itself to governance and cut down the size of public sector units.
Thus, as the process of economic liberalization and privatization picked up in the early 1990s, globalization became another buzz word – implying opening up the domestic market to foreign players. The stock market index became the new barometer of economic development. This new model of development focused on industrialization and corporatization only reflected how the Western nations had developed.
But it grossly disregarded the peculiarIndian realities – namely, population pressure, high poverty and high backwardness.
In the new paradigm, poor and ordinary masses ceased to be the focus of economic policies. Instead, now the rich became the target of attention. Like in the developed economies, country’s minerals and natural resources began to be handed over to the rich corporate houses so that they can set up industries and create jobs. They began to receive various incentives to set up industries and simultaneously the farmers and the agriculture sector started to lose subsidies. In fact, subsidy became a dirty word in the new dispensation – seen as mere waste of public funds.
It suddenly made the life of farmers extremely hard. They committed suicide in hundreds and thousands. Nothing much has changed for them even after a quarter century of the so-called liberalization. Farmers’ suicide is no longer a‘breaking news’ in the mainstream media except as a political gimmick. Their suffering has become just a political stick in the hands of opposition parties to whip the party in power.
The cult of liberalization and focus on industrialization also brought the issue of economic growth into focus. It made the GDP growth supreme. It means the government policies are increasingly directed to industrial and service sectors that make dominant contribution to the GDP. Today, foolishly the finance minister and politicians talk as if GDP growth alone would solve all the basic problems.
Over 60% population depends upon the agriculture sector, but its contribution to GDP is barely 16%. Thus, the welfare of this vast population remains ignored. The only option farmers have is to migrate towards cities, live in slums and become laborers. But the cities are already over populated.
Modi’s talk of ‘smart cities’ is yet another offshoot of the GDP growth model of development. Promoting urbanization and transferring rural folks to cities where they would provide cheap labor to industrial and business houses for growth of GDP is an absurd idea, if one looks at it from human angle. Urbanization, to create pockets of high population, is OK for the Western nations in possession of high technologies and small population base. With mechanized farming they need very few people in agriculture to produce sufficient food grain; the majority gets absorbed in the industrial sector.
It is the curse of the GDP development model that ordinary people get turned into mere tools of GDP growth – just like dignity-less slaves.
Tribal People are The Worst Victims
Along with the farmers, the tribal community is another victim of economic liberalization. They have been facing displacement from their ancestral lands (where they have lived since ages and also acted as the natural custodians of natural resources due to their eco-friendly lifestyle) so that the government can hand over their mineral rich lands to corporate houses for commercial exploitation. They are forced to migrate to cities to become manual labors for the industry (and lead an exploited life without any sense of security or dignity).
Now comes a far reaching question: Say, after 20-25 years, when the raw material is exhausted the corporate would simply sell off and leave, who will repair the ecological damage and social disruption they leave behind? We know the answer: no one. This pattern of displacement and exploitation of natural resources is a global phenomenon for which no body is accountable and we are in the middle of the global warming.
Just think about it: How about displacing the rich elites from New Delhi and Mumbai and forcing them to repair the ecological mess of mining activities of Vedantas, Tatas, Essars, JPs, and Ruias and clean the pollution of mega thermal power plants?
Isn’t it time that the “consumers must pay” rule should be changed to “polluters must clean”!!
6b) CURSE OF “TRICKLE DOWN” ECONOMY
In practical terms, the liberalization regime only ushered in the exploitative Reagan-Thatcher promoted “trickle-down” economy into India. It is run by, for and on behalf of the rich elites. The fruits are first enjoyed by the richest and then the left-over ‘trickle-down’ towards the bottom. The poorest benefit the least and the last. The trickle down economy inherently promotes inequality, with deleterious long term effects.
In recent years, Oxfam International annually publishes reports highlighting the increasing global inequality in wealth distribution. In January 2017, it published a report titled An Economy For The 99 Percent where it pointed out that the richest 1 percent in India owns 58 percent of the country’s wealth.In 2017, of the total wealth creation in India 73% went to the rich 1 percent – globally the proportion is 82%. Of the 101 Indian billionaires 17 got added in 2017. There are people who question these numbers but what is important is the trend which is disturbing.
While the myopic ‘economic experts’ gloat over increasing number of billionaires in India, the inequality is getting only bigger with passage of time. It only means that GDP model is favors the rich in a country which is home to the largest number of world’s poor. The GDP might be growing but the rising inequality is trapping more and more Indians in poverty. It is absolutely unhealthy and disastrous in the long run.
The GDP growth model is unfit for India for another reason. Since modern businesses employ high level of automation and try taking minimum employees, they don’t generate enough employment and the profits remains limited in few hands (major shareholders). But given the high population base (1.33 billion) that adds around 16 million people each year, India needsaround 10 million new jobs each year for mostly the unskilled or semi-skilled masses.
6c) GDP GROWS, BUT NOT JOBS
Like rest of the world, India too is obsessed with maximizing GDP growth in the name of national development. Large companies are important for having high technologies and absorbing people with higher education. They certainly make bigger contribution to the GDP but they use automation to minimize the work force. If jobs are created along the way it happens not by design but by default.
An expert from the Symphony Technology Group say:Between 2005 and 2012, India’s GDP growth was 54% but its net job growth was only 3% and only 15 million net new jobs were created. This giant disconnect will worsen in the coming decade. Here is another report: Citing official data, The Telegraph reported that 1.55 lakh jobs were created in 2015 and 2.31 lakh in 2016.
Of course, our foreign trained economist mullahs have ready answers to justify every problem. It is also fashionable for them to get ‘worried’ at the ‘jobless GDP growth’! Look at some ‘expert’ sound bites, taken from different news reports. Anyone can decipher emptiness of their arguments.
Experts have cited slow growth of capital formation as another reason for unemployment. The Economic Times reported that private sector capital formation grew at a mere two percent in FY17 over FY16.It fails to tell the relationship between capital formation and job creation.
A Deutsche Bank report said, “Stubborn growth in capital formation tends to put a ceiling on GDP growth and constrain employment creation…”This is again a vague statement.
M Govinda Rao, former member of the Prime Minister’s Economic Advisory Council, told The Telegraph that jobless growth “will accelerate as we go along.” “The IT firms have already started shedding workers. We are replacing labour-intensive methods with capital even as we have failed to skill up our workers to take on new challenges or to tap into the new avenues which were created in the global market when Chinese wages went up.”This is just a typical justification of the situation.
Away from the academic words of ‘expert mullahs’, a recent Economic Survey pointed to a shift in the pattern of employment from permanent jobs to casual and contract employment. The increasingly “temporary” nature of work, it said, has an “adverse effect” on the level of wages, stability of employment, and employees’ social security. It also indicates preference by employers away from regular/formal employment to circumvent labor laws.” It is all common knowledge.
There is nothing in this Survey an ordinary person doesn’t know. Everyone knows how companies play tricks with workers to cut costs and increase owners’ profit. Shareholders corner most of the profits and all other stakeholders – employees, society and the ‘environment’– remain exploited. This self-centered approach is the source of all troubles and suffering of ordinary and poor people.
6d) ‘ECONOMIC EXPERTS’ HAVE NO SOLUTION
The doctorate of Dr Manmohan Singh failed to produce 10 million new jobs per year when he was the proxy PM of India during 2004-2014. Modi made it a big election issue and won but he also has no idea how to achieve it. Why? Because Modi also listens to the same lot of economists who can’t solve real life problems of people. Just as radical mullahs know nothing beyond the ‘Holy Book’ the fundamentalists of modern economics can’t think beyond their ‘Holy Capital Market’.
It is understandable if Manmohan Singh could not do it because his doctorate studies did not include topics on job driven economy. But Modi, known for pragmatic and down to earth wisdom, should have known better. Why is his finance minister obsessed with the GDP growth while young graduates are sitting at home? His skill development initiative is close to it, but do youth get the right skill training to start earning with what they learnt? Skill development doesn’t mean tightening more screws for the employer at the lowest wage. But this is precisely how workers are treated by companies.
Two decades ago some sectors of economy used to be reserved for small scale industry – and mechanized mass production was not allowed. Millions of artisans traditionally lived this way. Today, cheap and low quality mass produced Chinese imports (legally or illegally) have taken over that segment. It has taken away the livelihood of tens of millions of skilled Indians across sectors. Just move around the market to see how mass produced cheap Chinese goods have flooded Indian markets and pushed skilled people into poverty.
7. ECONOMIC GROWTH VS DEVELOPMENT
Obsessed with materialism, the West has traditionally surrendered the wellbeing of its people to the wisdom of economists. Now it is a fashion around the world, unfortunately. The development of a nation has several dimensions, but the money obsessed economists have reduced it to mere economic growth – measured in terms of the gross domestic product (GDP) which is just the sum total of all market activities. They have highly devalued the importance of wholesome human well being. As a result, people are now mere tools of economic expansion – first as labor providers and then as piggish ‘consumers’ with insatiable greed. It has also unleashed technological savagery on nature’s resources. The result is clear before us all: extreme focus on individualism, ever increasing social discord with degradation of human values and climate change (euphemism for global climatic disruption)
Their model demands the GDP to grow eternally, quarter after quarter and year after year. It is fueled and sustained by consumerism; in fact, obsessive consumerism. As a consequence, consumption has become the sole yardstick of development. Whenever the GDP becomes sluggish the so-called economic ‘experts’ startpredicting doomsday – reminding of the great depression of 1930 as if today’s world is same as it was then – and call foryet bigger push on expenditure to stimulate demand. We saw it happening in 2008 when mega global companies’ were handed over handsome bailout packages in the West.‘Produce more and consume more’ is the only wisdom, if I may call it wisdom, modern economists appear to have. When they talk of research it only aims to find out how to convert ‘consumers’ into ‘bigger consumers’.
The ever increasing transformation of people into consumers in the world is eating away nature’s resources with ever increasing speed and causing almost irreversible ecological damages across the world. As a result, the climatic events are getting harsher and harsher. And the worst for humanity is that the biggest historical polluter, the USA, has given up the fight on climate change. It’s height of irresponsibility and a disgrace on its so-called superpower status.
In fact, the humanity is already trapped in the catch 22 situation. The world leaders don’t know how to disconnect what their obsession for GDP growth from climatic plunder and greenhouse emission. As things stand today, the GDP growth is more important than planet’s health or survival of humanity from ever-harshening climatic disasters.
What is Wrong with the GDP?
Answer: The gross domestic product (GDP) doesn’t measure people’s wellbeing; it is just an economic number.
The concept of gross domestic (or national) product is a relic of pre WW2 era. Around the period of the Great Depression, in early 1930s the US government wanted some way of knowing how well the economy was doing. In the faltering economy of those years, the idea of combining production and spending was simple enough to do the job. It laid the foundation for what became the GNP (gross national product), and later the GDP. [Difference between GNP and GDP]
Thus, particularly during WW-II, the GNP became the primary way to keep track of the US economy. It also helped maximizing the industrial output. Since the US military was a huge consumer it was a demand driven market and the producers had to only focus on production. The war driven economy lifted the US out of the economic Depression.
After the end of war, citizens replaced the military as major consumer and the factories kept churning out products. At that time, bigger production and increasing consumption was progress itself. But economists knew that the consumer demand would not remain ahead of production capacities for long. So they debated to find some solution. Here is the thought process that dominated their debate.
“Our enormously productive economy…demands that we make consumption our way of life, that we convert the buying and use of goods into rituals, that we seek our spiritual satisfaction, our ego satisfaction, in consumption…we need things consumed, burned up, replaced and discarded at an ever-accelerating rate.” – Economist Victor Lebow in 1955 in his paper Price Competition
It sowed the seeds of consumerism that soon transformed into the borrow-and-spend culture. However, as things stood, during the 1950s and 1960s, personal incomes and GDP really moved up hand in hand and the growing GDP really symbolized progress. But then the GDP growth and rise of people’s income decoupled.
Yet, the GDP remained the primary indicator of national progress and growing it continually came to become a national obsession — the sole national goal. The compulsion to keep economy growing gave birth to obsessive consumerism that we see today. The world economy is still running on this model and the GDP growth is still the barometer of economic progress.
So, what is wrong with the GDP?
GDP is a Deceptive Indicator of Progress
The focus on GDP would not have been so bad if it indicated healthy social progress or reflected well being of people. But being just an economic number it tells none of the two – and the simplistic way it is calculated it can’t distinguish between good and bad things. For example, consider these absurdities of the GDP:
Polluting activities increase the GDP because you are forced to spend more money in the clean up. Increasing crimes boost the GDP due to increased expenses on police, security, jails, courts and legal procedures. Junk food is wonderful because it degrades people’s health, which forces further expenditure on medical care. Wars and conflicts fuel expenditure on weapons and the GDP grows. Inefficient or unreliable transmission lines increase demand for generators, batteries, UPSs, and inverters. Casinos and gambling parlors do no social good but helps the GDP. The list can go on and on…
Low quality mass-produced Chinese goods that need more frequent replacement boost the GDP but put more pressure on the environment than the same goods with higher quality that last longer. Look at North Korea: its economy is heavily dependent on its weapon program and military while its citizens remain trapped in abject poverty. The GDP numbers can’t disclose it.
If 6 members of a family cooperate and share a mobile phone, it doesn’t help the GDP growth. But if they start fighting and separate then six mobile phones will be needed, that’s wonderful for GDP growth. Consequently, the GDP not only conceals the breakdown of the social structure and natural habitat; worse, it portrays such breakdown as economic gain. In fact, when the government legalizes things like prostitution, gambling, drug use, liquor bars, etc it is only trying to prop up the GDP – in a ‘bad’ (harmful) way!
Thus, all unwanted and wasteful expenditure boost the GDP. Now consider how healthy and desirable activities depress the GDP.
If you become more self-reliant and most of your things yourself without spending money, you are hurting the GDP. For example, if you stop buying fruits and vegetables from the market and start growing them in your backyard, you are depressing the GDP. If you start practicing Yoga daily and become really healthy, then you don’t fall ill frequently and your medical expenses would decline. It would adversely affect the financial health of doctors, specialists and pharma industries. You are not helping the economic growth. Now imagine, somehow people become peace loving and crimes stop. It would immediately make all expenditure on police, jail and vigilance unnecessary; the GDP would go down. You start helping people voluntarily in various ways, but spend no money. It won’t show up in the GDP. But isn’t charity a desirable thing.
These are some of the healthy things we all aspire for. But are we heading in the right direction when we blindly chase the GDP? The GDP tells nothing about it.
When the GDP is used as the yardstick of progress in poor nations there is problem. Most of their production takes place in the informal sector, in the household or community, or in the voluntary sector – all invisible to the GDP. When policies are created to raise the GDP in the poor nations, it effectively goes against the informal, cooperative and household economy – and works to degrade the humane and cooperative culture of societies, in other words, increase social chaos.
The truth is: in societies with limited resources the sense of cooperation and community bonds allows people to help each other. As a result, economic size may be small but people have good life. No wonder, as the GDP agenda is imposed on them the societies and families begin to fall apart. Unfortunately, such issues remain un discussed and people suffer despite GDP growth.
Have you ever wondered what would happen to weapon industry if all the wars and conflicts stop. Here is why global powers promote violent conflicts:
Terrorists are clearly enemies of humanity. But look at the so-called ‘war against terror’ by the US and its allies. It started after the 9/11 attack of 2001 and is still going on after 16 years!! In fact, it appears to have become a ‘permanent’ war. In reality, as the ‘war on terror’ continued the threat of terrorism has only increased around the world rather than decreasing. The war on terror is still going strong in Afghanistan and the dust of Iraq invasion (on false pretext) has not yet fully settled. Now the US appears to be opening another war front in North Korea and rejuvenating the terror war in Afghanistan by trying to force Pakistan to act against various terror groups on its soil.
So, what’s going on?
The unspoken truth: The highly powerful global arms industry needs regular tensions, conflicts and wars to sell its state-of-the-art weaponry and advance its R&D activities. Terrorists are doing wonders for the weapon’s industry and for the ‘holy’ cause of GDP growth!
Therefore, the GDP growth is all about deception that politicians love. Profound thinkers believe that the developed Western economies have largely reached a kind of plateau, and further GDP growth isn’t adding any meaningful value to people’s life.
You may like to read: Development should focus on people, not economy.
Here are three development models that can provide more realistic measure of growth in people’s wellbeing.
7a) WHAT IS DEVELOPMENT
Perhaps the most comprehensive definition of development is given by Nobel winner economist Prof. Amartya Sen in his capability theory. Sen put people above economy. He sees people as multifaceted human beings whose wellbeing depends upon both material and non-material needs; not as mere human consumers of goods and services. He sees development as the process of enhancing people’s wellbeing by enhancing their freedom and capabilities. His model is both comprehensive and flexible.Worldwide governments are trying to include his ideas to give proper direction of development.
A Paradigm Shift!
Amartya Sen’s theory is an eye opener for people who have grown up learning that GDP growth is the only meaning of development. Sen clearly highlights the insufficiency and dangers of equating GDP growth with development. People have several kinds of needs in life – psychological, spiritual, social, political, and now even clean environment – that must grow with progress or development. Simply because there needs are subjective and there are no simple indicators to measure them doesn’t mean that they are not important.
Sen’s approach explicitly recognizes the individual differences due to age, sex, race, class, health, disability, intelligence, education and so on. It also acknowledges that people’s lives are influenced by external factors – interaction with other people, social arrangements, access to infrastructure and public services, freedom to speak and participate, social exclusion, racism, terrorism, pollution, crime level, state policies and so on.
In Sen’s approach, poverty is seen as denial of opportunities and choices for living a tolerable life. If in today’s world of sheer abundance people living in poverty, they are living in a system that denies them access to means to realize their capabilities. Today’s poverty is all due to exploitation and denial at the hands of those who have the power and authority.
7b) ALTERNATIVE DEVELOPMENT MODELS
Although the government around the world remain obsessed with GDP growth, despite knowing that it only favors the rich and the poor and ordinary people gain very little from it there are efforts to bring rationality and humanity into development. They all try to include non material parameters to gauge the extent of development. Here we present three approaches: the human development model, the social progress indicator and the gross national happiness (GNH).
1. The Human Development (HD) Approach
Since 1990, the annual Human Development Reports (HDR) of the UNDP have been promoting the idea of human development (HD) which is a people focused comprehensive development model. Commonsense also demands that people and their well-being should be the focus of development, not economy.
In the HD perspective, development revolves around people, not economy. The idea of human development revolves around the basic theme: ”People are the real wealth of a nation.” Thus, the prime objective of development is to create an enabling environment for people to live long, healthy and creative life, as stated in the first HDR published in 1990. This is a remarkable paradigm shift in thinking about the poor; it sees poverty as lack of development.
Human development is about enlarging freedoms so that people can pursue the choices hey value. It implies that people should have the freedom to influence the processes that shape their lives. In doing this, economic growth (GDP) is an important means to human development, but not the end. It is broader than other approaches, such as the human resource approach, the basic needs approach and the human welfare approach.
The theoretical foundation of the HD perspective came from AmartyaSen’s capability theory of development. Sen argues that the purpose of development is to enrich human lives, not richness of economy which is only a part of it.
2. Social Progress Indicator (SPI)
Social progress is becoming an increasingly critical agenda around the world. Citizens’ demands for better lives was evident in uprisings such as the Arab Spring and the emergence of new political movements in even the most prosperous countries, such as the United States and France. Since the financial crisis of 2008, people are increasingly expecting that development must make their lives better and protect the environment. This is the social progress imperative.
Rising income usually brings major improvements in access to clean water, sanitation, literacy, basic education and connectivity. But on the average, personal security is no better in middle- income countries than low-income ones, and is often worse. Around the world, too many people — regardless of income — live without full political freedom and experience discrimination or even violence based on gender, religion, ethnicity, or sexual orientation. Traditional progress measures, such as the GDP per capita, no longer tell the real progress of societies.
Wellbeing of people is better linked to social progress, rather than economic parameters. Thus, if right social parameters are measured, they will guide the economic development in the right direction, setting a virtuous cycle.Social Progress Indicator (SPI) is an attempt in that direction. It provides a holistic, objective and outcome based measure of society’s wellbeing, independent of economic indicators. It checks the social progress alongside the GDP, for a country’s performance.
The SPI checks the three dimensions of social progress: Basic Human Needs, Foundations of Wellbeing, and Opportunity. Each dimension is made up of four equally weighted individual components.
These three dimensions of the SPI roughly mirror the progression that most communities and societies go through in achieving higher and higher levels of social progress. The model also relies on the capability approach pioneered by Amartya Sen, which emphasizes the multidimensional nature of wellbeing and the importance of freedom of choice. Costa Rica and Paraguay use the SPI as its official measure of progress. Local bodies and companies’ are finding the SPI useful too.
In the 2017 SPI, India is placed at 93rd position, Bangladesh at 97 and Pakistan at 105. Sri Lanka is better placed at 73rd place.
3. Bhutan’s Gross National Happiness (GNH)
Why India should Learn from Bhutan
The tiny Himalayan country of less than a million people has been following perhaps the most humane development model in the world. In fact, it is also in the true spirit of Buddha’s wonderful teaching. Its development model has place for spirituality and cultural engagement along with environment protection. Bhutan is the only country in the world that does not use GDP as a measure of progress; instead it uses what it calls the gross national happiness (GNH).
Way back in the 1970s its king declared that “Gross National Happiness (GNH) is more important than Gross National Product (GDP).” Therefore, Bhutan’s state policies are not made purely from the monetary or economic angle, as in the rest of the world. Westerners are clearly intrigued by Bhutanese policy making because their brains are hardwired to plunder nature and cultural heritage to make money. While they only talk about worsening climate and decaying environment sitting on the plundered wealth, people of this tiny country already know how to do that without being cocky. While ‘experts’ are busy dreaming sustainable development models, this minute kingdom is already doing it, mandated by its Constitution!
It is comical that they come as tourists to admire the Himalayan beauty and hospitality of wonderful followers of Buddha, but lack conviction to put into use the GNH concept in their own country. It is their misfortune that they are forced to live in the greedy material society, devoid of respect for nature, society, culture or humanity.
8. POVERTY IN INDIA
India, the largest democracy of 1.33 billion people, is also the biggest center of poverty in the world – it is both widespread and intense. Consequently, South Asia has become the world’s biggest center of extreme poverty. The only other comparable pocket of poverty is the sub Saharan Africa. Yet, reflecting extreme inequality, India has 101 and sub-Sahara Africa 17 billionaires !!
Official data says that269 million (or 21%) people live in poverty. However, the World Bank poverty line of $1.90 a day puts around 172 million (12.4%) Indians in poverty. The comprehensive Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) of 2017 estimated India’s poverty at 41 percent (528 million). The MPI certainly gives a better insight into the extent and nature of poverty. So, it fair to assume that several hundred people live in various degrees of poverty. In 1947, when the plunderer British left India, they left 70 percent Indians in abject poverty and a tiny elite class that controlled everything. The 200 year colonial plunder of India laid the solid foundation for long term poverty in India.
Poverty may be a number game for experts who get rich doing research on poor, but it is actually a human development issue.
Learn about 8 Reasons Why India is So Poor.
8a) COLONIAL RULERS SYSTEMATICALLY ROBBED INDIA
“A significant fact which stands out is that those parts of India which have been longest under British rule are the poorest today.” – Jawaharlal Nehru, First Prime Minister of India
The colonial looters laid the foundation for a long term and chronic poverty in India – this is what Nehru is essentially saying. The tiny state of Kerala in the southern India fortunately saw the least damaging influence of the British plunderers (there are many reasons for that) and is at present a unique model (in the world) of improvement in the quality of life through social and human development alone.
It was the traditional historic prosperity of India that attracted invaders from various parts of the world in the last 2000 years. However, the plunder became more frequent since the 7th century when Mohammadans started to invade. For next 1000 years, they not only looted wealth they also played havoc on the highly spiritual and peaceful Hindu culture, which provided the foundation for the mind blowing material prosperity. What they did until the 17th century was nothing but pure savagery and beastly conduct – besides plundering temples for wealth they repeatedly indulged in genocides, took away countless slaves, destroyed countless temples, and converted people into Islam through subhuman acts like male slaughters and mass rape.
Then the British arrived. Their purpose was pure loot and plunder to make Britain prosper. They did it systematically for 200 years. They destroyed Indian culture through the education system meant to create local clerks for their administration. You may like to read
Here is an eye opening article all intelligent Indians should read and ponder: Proud to be Educated
8b) POVERTY MEASUREMENTS
Poverty is a state of constant deprivations, shortages, hardships and lack of well-being. In the extreme case, it is a miserable condition characterized by malnutrition, illiteracy, disease, squalid surroundings, high infant mortality, and low life expectancy. It is a state of powerlessness and voicelessness that is beyond any reasonable definition of human decency.
The one dimensional income poverty line, such as the $1.90 a day line of the World Bank does not tell much about the hardships of the poor. They merely divide people into two: poor and non-poor. The extent of poverty depends upon where the poverty line is drawn. In reality, it is just a number game of experts to justify their arguments.
Research of past few decades has firmly established that poverty cannot be properly understood in economic terms alone – divorced of personal, social, cultural and political perspectives. People are social beings; therefore, the processes and activities of the society affect their state of well-being. Clearly, here are multiple factors that often feed one another to trap people in poverty.
Now poverty is seen through a multidimensional lens, which sees the poor living deprived of basic essentials of human life – related to nourishment, employment, shelter, health, education, social and political participation, etc. The multidimensional poverty index (MPI) is an example of that. It lays down a landscape of various deprivations people are facing, which is very useful for the policy planners. Several nations have adopted this measure to better reveal the nature of poverty in different regions.
The foundation of the MPI rests on Amartya Sen’s capability theory of development: It see poverty as failure of the most basic human capabilities needed to live a tolerable life. Seen in this comprehensive perspective, poverty becomes an issue of lack of proper social and human development.
You may also explore: Poverty is Multidimensional, So should be Development
9. POPULATION STABILIZATION
Current population of India is around 1.33 billion (China 1.40 billion), which is about 17.5% of world population. India is a young country: over 50% population is below 25 years of age and over 65% people are below 35. Indian population grows annually by about 16 million. In the past decade (2001-2011), India’s population growth rate has declined sharply. In fact, the trend of falling birthrates prevails all over the world (except in some pockets), not only in India.
9a) LATEST FERTILITY TREND
In 2013, the Sample Registration System (SRS) statistical report mentioned a sharp decline in fertility, to 2.3 children per woman. It is fair to assume that in 2018 beginning it must have fallen to around 2.15 or 2.1. It means that India has already reached the replacement fertility level. It marks an important demographic transition, implying that the population would peak in next 30-35 years and then begin declining. Experts think that India’s population would peak in the range 1.55 – 1.60 billion around 2050, and then decline to 1.45 billion by 2100.
While achieving average replacement fertility at national level is a welcome sign, there are still regions where the fertility is still high. Highest fertility rate is in Bihar (3.4) followed by UP (3.0) which is also the most populous state in India; other laggards are Bihar (3.4), MP (2.9), Rajasthan (2.8), Jharkhand (2.7) and Chhattisgarh (2.6). All together these states make up 40% of India’s population, but just Uttar Pradesh and Bihar together account for about a quarter of India’s population. 11 states have already attained the replacement level TFR of 2.1 and the rest are inching towards it. West Bengal has the lowest TFR of 1.6; followed closely by Delhi, Punjab, Himachal, and Tamil Nadu – all at 1.7. Next are Kerala and Andhra at 1.8 and J&K at 1.9.
Community wise fertility data revealed that population growth is largest in the Muslim community. During the decade 2001-2011, the Muslim population increased by 24% compared with national growth of 18%, although lower than the 29% rise in the previous decade. Thus, in 2011 Muslims formed 14.2% of Indian population, compared with 13.4% in 2001.
Assam witnessed the biggest rise in Muslim population, from 31% in 2001 to 34% in 2011. A big part of it must be due to illegal immigration from Bangladesh. For the same reason, West Bengal Muslim population 25.2% in 2001 to 27% in 2011. Uttarakhand also registered significant rise, from 11.9% to 13.9%.
Almost half (47%) of Indian Muslims live in just 3 states: UP, West Bengal and Bihar. These states are mentioned because the rising Muslim popupation in different pockets of the country also poses security threat, if the population rise is due to illegal migrants. Pak ISI and radical mullahs are always on the look out for vulnerable Muslims for radicalization.
9b) REASONS OF POPULATION GROWTH
India’s population is growing not because people are having large families, but simply because there are too many people in the reproductive age group – population momentum. The right strategy to curtail such population growth is to delay all births. The right ways to counter the population growth due to momentum are:
- Late marriage: Stop all girls’ marriages below 18. In India, about 47% girls are already married before the legal age of 18 and a significant proportion has already given births. This one action alone can not only bring fertility down significantly, but have several other positive effects.
- Delayed pregnancies: Delay first pregnancy by 2-3 years after marriage, and
- Space further births: Keep at least 3 year gap between births. Often, quick pregnancies result from non-availability of contraceptives, particularly in the rural areas. Almost a quarter of all births take place for this reason alone.
Around the world, Child marriages are a significant driver of the vicious cycle – population growth and poverty feeding each other. At the core of it, lies the issue of women empowerment, which itself is powerful contraceptive.
Women’s reproductive behavior is strongly influenced by their educational level – more than economic development. Therefore, girl education is another vital activity India must not ignore.
9c) INDIA WANTS TO INCREASE PARSI POPULATION!
The Parsi Community is Facing Risk of extinction
This surprises population phobic people who can’t sleep because Indian population will overtake China by 2022. Indian government is concerned about the dwindling population of Parsees and has initiated a JIYO Parsee scheme at the cost of 10 crore rupees to encourage Parsees to give more births and change their mindset on marriage and family.
The Parsee community is an anomaly in India by all standards. Numbering just about 69,000 in 2001 (when official counting was done) and declining at the rate of about 12% per decade. So in 2018, there must be only around 60,000 Parsees left in India. The Parsee community is all set for extinction if things are allowed as they stand today. What is their current status? Over half of the Parsees are over 40, a third are over 60, more than 30% of Parsees never marry and those who marry are either childless or have just one child. For every four Parsee deaths, there is just one birth – no wonder the community is evaporating.
Parsees are so called because they came from Persia (Iran), in the 8th and 10thcentury in order to avoid persecution in their homeland Iran at the hands of Mohammadans. Pre-Islam Iranians followed Zoroastrianism, but as barbaric Muslims invaded their land to convert them, they had to flee to survive. Ancestors of Indian Parsees arrived in the Sanjan area of Gujarat coast and after first settling in Kathiawar they spread south towards Mumbai.
It speaks volumes for the humane and non-violent Hindu culture that India is the home to the largest number of Zoroastrians in the world, currently about 60,000; other countries with Parsee presence are the land of their origin Iran (25,000), US (11,000), Afghanistan (10,000) and Pakistan (5,000). Note than before 1000 AD, Afghanistan was all Hindu-Buddhist.
Despite their microscopic numbers, Parsee community’s contribution in India is simply awesome. It has give many pioneers and Parsees have played important roles in the freedom struggle, business, politics, military and film industry. Dadabhai Naoroji is known as the Grand Old Man of India. His effort to press for end of British rule in India was exemplary. Tatas pioneered in establishing several industries that laid the foundation for industrialization and modernization of India. Daughter of Mohammad Ali Jinnah, the Muslim separatist who wanted Pakistan, was married in the noted Parsee Wadia family.
DrHomi Jehangir Bhabha founded the Bhabha Atomic Research Institute (BARC) and initiated India’s nuclear program and laid the foundation for modern basic research as Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR). The Parsee NatakMandali set up in 1853 is easily seen as the pioneer that laid the platform for Mumbai’s Film industry. Sir Jamshedji Behramji Kanga, Nani Palkhiwala, Fali Nariman and Soli Sorabjee are easily India’s formidable lawyers ever. You may like to explore
Indian Parsees are truly wonderful people. Unlike Christians and Muslims they don’t indulge in the dirty gimmick of religious conversions to increase their numbers for political gains. They neither demanded special favors in the name religion. Their belief of peaceful coexistence vibes well with the ancient ‘Dharma’ based Hindu culture and they who would like to have more Parsees among them. Indian Muslims have a lot to learn from Parsees – particularly how to respect Hindus and live peacefully among them.
Let’s hope that the JIYO Parsee Program makes a difference and they again start flourishing. (You may also join the JIYO Parsee Program’s efforts on facebook: https://web.facebook.com/jiyoParsee)
9d) POPULATION FEAR IN COLONIAL INDIA
The colonial way to control population of India?: You may not be intrigued to learn how the British “ignored” famines in the colonial India as a weapon (instrument) for population management. During the shameful British Raj 30 – 50 million Indians have been estimated to have died in famines in 200 years of colonial plunder.
The post WW-2 years saw Western nations under severe grip of Malthusian population phobia,so much so that they linked aid to the poor countries to performance in sterilization targets. In the 1960s, the topic even entered the presidential election in the US when the phrase “population bomb” was coined to depict the fast rising population of the third world countries. You may like to read
9e) KERALA IS UNIQUE: POPULATION CONTROL THROUGH PEOPLE DEVELOPMENT
The tiny state, Kerala, is a unique example of the power of people development; the whole world acknowledges and admires the wonderful culture and society of Kerala. It is also unique in the respect for women; it has the best female/male ratio in the country – 1084 female for every 1000 male as per the 2011 census (highest in the Kunnur District 1136 and the lowest in Idukki district, 1006). Compare it with the national average of 940 females. The next best is way behind; it is Tamil Nadu, 996 female followed closely by Andhra Pradesh with 993 female per 1000 male. Interestingly, the economically prosperous Haryana has the lowest sex ratio, 879 females. What stops our foreign trained scholars of New Delhi to learn from Kerala?
In fact, Kerala can teach a lot, both to India and China about how to look after its people and control the population. In the past 2 decades, neighboring Bangladesh has become another example of how in a short time social development and women empowerment can pull down fertility rates. Its fertility of 2.24 is almost reaching the replacement level of 2.1.
10. GOVERNANCE REFORMS
Systemic ills of any sovereign nation can be traced only to one thing: Bad Governance.
What is ‘bad governance’? It is reflected in the presence of corruption, inefficient law and order enforcement, slow judiciary, lethargic or uncooperative bureaucracy, exclusion of weaker segments of society from the mainstream processes, suppression of basic human rights and freedom of speech, and so on.
India is still among the worst governed countries in the world, despite its rising status on the global scene in recent years (which is mainly due to the charismatic personality of PM Modi). The root cause is that since 1947 Indian leaders relied more on foreign concepts than building upon the indigenous wisdom and local strengths. The police force still largely operates with the colonial mindset and sees itself as a protector of rulers from the citizens! Poor and ordinary citizens still prefer to stay away fromit. Roadside poor vendors still can’t make their living without paying ‘hapta’ to the police-wala. Judiciary is painfully slow and is sitting on large pile of pending cases and the electoral reforms are stuck for lack of will – taken together we have an ideal recipe for lack of accountability, inefficiencies and corruption. BSP supremoMayawati, the fake secular and real caste politican, became notorious for selling ‘tickets’ during assembly and parliament elections; how she amassed so much wealth is an open secret.
Founded on the Nehruvian socialistic principles, Indian bureaucracy is still a big put off, particularly for the entrepreneurs and the business world. Although economic liberalization started a quarter century ago, it got mired in severe corruption during the 10 years of UPA regime. However, things are improving with the arrival of Modi and BJP government in 2014. Modi government’s focus on incorporating technology in governance is changing things very fast everywhere across the country. It has brought hope of good future. In just three years,Modi government has significantly improved the ease of doing business in India; India’s rating improved by 42 points, from 142 in 2014 to 100 in 2017. With demonetization, GST and promotion of digital transaction the corruption landscape and business environment of India are drastically changing. Most macro pointers are showing improvement and the image of India has undergone a sea change on the international arena particularly after Modi’s interaction with world leaders.
Lack of transparency in political funding is at the root of all corruption and bad governance. Modi government has planned electoral bonds to bring some transparency in the otherwise opaque funding of political parties. Although it is a good step but is grossly insufficient looking at how our political parties function. Things like the Lokayokta are not getting the serious attention they deserve. What is needed is the political will to change things.
However, the biggest reform is needed in the judiciary. Indian judiciary still revolves around the colonial laws created around 1860. For 90% people district courts are most important yet rather than increasing their autonomy they got dumped under the High Court. High Courts and the Supreme Court are out of reach for the poor masses. Justice is painfully slow and uncertain. Yet, no government or even the top judiciary seems much bothered about it.
Indian courts are loaded with pending cases and hence atrociously slow, making a mockery of justice for the common masses. Over 3 crore cases are pending in various courts; assuming one case affects 5 people, 15 crore people are ‘victims’ of Indian judiciary.
Slow judiciary has a negative impact on the business environment. Businessmen wants speedy disposal of disputes in the judiciary and when it doesn’t happen they have to find ‘round about’ ways to manage conflicts and stay in business. In different courts, there are 1.37 lakh pending cases related to direct tax and 1.45 lakh cases regarding indirect cases. It has locked up around 7.58 lakh crore rupees which is around 4.7 percent of the GDP. It highlights the urgent need for the judiciary and executive to come together and take steps for speedy justice.
Another ugly reality of justice is that the rich can easily get away with practically anything exploiting loopholes and ‘manage the system’ through high profile lawyers.
For instance, leniency given to Sanjay Datt and Salman Khan are two limelight cases from the rich bollywood industry. SunandaPushkar’s murder is likely to remain another mystery – and her high profile husband, ShashiTharoor, has ‘no worries’ whatsoever. The doctor Talwar couple managed to come out ‘innocent’ in the murder case of their daughter, Arushi. Ordinary citizen know how crime evidences can be destroyed or faked by well connected people. Liquor baron Vijay Malya easily ran away from the country and, aided by top legal brains, arrogantly mocks Indian justice system from UK! It is highly unlikely that Sonia-Rahul would ever face any hardship in the National Herald case. Robert Vadra, the great Damad Ji who calls India a ‘banana republic of mango people’, is also unlikely to be ever accountable for anything… the list can go on and on.
No wonder ordinary citizens make every effort to stay away from authorities and courts by not standing up. Having a prompt judicial system will have an all round effect. It would not only help in fighting crimes efficiently, but most particularly it would greatly boost confidence of the business world.
The recent unprecedented press conference of 4 SC judges is another significant pointer that all is not well even in the top judiciary.
10a) JUDICIAL REFORMS MUST START FROM THE TOP
In mid January 2018, when 4 senior Supreme Court judges called a press conference to air their grievances it was a weird event for the country. It is absolutely unhealthy thing for any country to have senior judges airing their lack of confidence in the Chief Justice in public. It is also weird that the 4 judges did not resign before calling the press conference (PC). The Chief Justice also did not resign taking moral responsibility for having lost confidence of his colleagues. Such steps would have upheld the expected high moral values of the apex court.
Was PC the only option for the 4 judges? The dissatisfied judges could have called a meeting of all the 25 SC judges and raised their grievances in house. They could have involved some respected retired judges and tried to solve the ‘serious problem’ that in their eye was a ‘threat to democracy.’ Many even questioned their wisdom: Were they saying that they alone are ‘right’ and ‘above’ all other 21 judges of the SC?
In fact, if anyone else had talked to the media in this manner it would have instantly invited ‘contempt of court’ and summary punishment. But the SC judges clearly don’t consider themselves ordinary citizens which is highly objectionable. Regardless of the merits of their grievances, going public was not a wise step. Now high court judges may also start emulating them. They also made the functioning of Supreme Court a topic of public debate everywhere, like inflation and price-rise.
Moreover, their action attracted politicians – something very dangerous. Communist D Raja became the first to fish in the troubled water, followed by newly crowned Congress President Rahul Gandhi – perhaps the most superficial and juvenile brained politician in India. Fortunately, the government showed maturity and said that the judiciary should resolve its own issues.
Indian system is different from that of the UK that provided the skeleton for Indian judiciary and also from that of the US. In the UK parliament is supreme and in the US it is the apex court. In India, the Constitution is supreme and the three limbs – the executive, legislature and judiciary – are expected to work independently. None is expected to interfere in other’s area. The problem arises when any of them transgresses or doesn’t function properly.
Very often, while deciding cases, the SC has said that the other two – executive and legislature –are not discharging their duties properly and so it must take care of the matter. What if now the legislature or the executive say the same thing and take the matter in their domain? Can the government start interfering in judiciary because 3.5 crore cases are pending, there are long delays and the judiciary doesn’t appear to be doing anything about them?
Collegium System of Appointment
Until 1993, High Court and Supreme Court judges were appointed under sections 217 and 124, respectively, of the Constitution. The SC analyzed it the light of the principle of freedom of judiciary and concluded that the legislature or the executive can’t have any say in appointment of judges and adopted the collegiums system. No other democracy in the world uses the collegium system. In 2014, the parliament amended the Constitution and established the national judiciary appointment commission (NJAC). But the SC bench declared the whole exercise unconstitutional in 2015. However, it also included the dissenting voice from Justice Chelmeshwar, who has since been trying to bring changes in the functioning of the SC from within.
In fact, it also goes against the spirit of the Indian Constitution because there is no mention of such a system in the Indian Constitution. While rejecting the NJAC it did not cite any reason or pointed out which provision of the Constitution was violet by it. Thus, the verdict appeared totally arbitrary, undemocratic and unconstitutional. In rejecting the NJAC the SC forgot that it often cites from the British judiciary in delivering judgments – and in the UK judges are appointed by an independent commission similar to the proposed NJAC.
Strictly speaking, the Supreme Court only has the right to evaluate laws made by the parliament; it doesn’t have the right to ‘make legislation’ as it did in opting for the collegium. Did the parliament ever proposed a collegium? Never.
Most appropriately, the judicial reform should start at the top, perhaps with adoption of NJAC or something similar. Only then the extremely opaque functioning at the top can be made transparent and accountable to the public, of which parliament is the proxy.
In the light of the new development, the parliament should extensively debate on this issue in order to eliminate the potential ‘threat to democracy’ as the 4 honorable judges claimed in the PC.
Download the Full Report: Corruption in India
11. CLIMATE CHANGE
Why Trump Is Running Away
Harsh climatic events have become regular around the world. Yet, media which is supposed to be the watchdog of reality talk about the climatic disasters in the typical business-as-usual manner. If at all it mentions natural disasters it is more to capture viewers’ attention to shower higher paid commercials on them. Ostrich mentality is clearly visible among the global leaders when it comes to the issue of climate change. Scientists’ warnings of restricting temperature rise to within 2 degree Celsius by 2100 now appear to have lost meaning.
By and large, it appears that the world has resigned on the climatic front. The US President Trump’s decision to pull out of the international climate deal reflects the widespread mentality of putting economic growth ahead, despite the looming climatic catastrophe. When he says ‘America First’ he sums up the sentiments of highly powerful elites of the business community whose greed for wealth is insatiable. Needless to say, once the US breaks the rule the other so-called ‘developed’ nations would not remain ‘climatically responsible’ for long. They would discover innovative excuses to ‘excuse’ themselves!
Wrong concept of ‘development’
Climate change is un-refutable “proof” of many things wrong in our environmentally and ecologically blind lifestyle that demands that we keep consuming more and more. In many ways, it is a direct consequence of coupling industrial and technological revolution with unsustainable blind ‘consumerism’ – unmindful of how it is polluting the environment and disturbing the balance in nature.
A look at the ultrahigh per capita consumption in the so-called developed countries gives the whole story. Their ecologically and environmentally blind lifestyle has already played havoc on the nature and its resources. Ever increasing consumption to sustain their economic growth has put them in a bind; they don’t know how to decouple economic growth and consumption. As the fad for this resource guzzling lifestyle is spreading around the world the future is only getting more dangerous, not less.
As things stand, the developed nations can’t cut sufficient carbon emission because its hurts their lifestyle they also don’t want to help rest of the world. Moreover, they are still more interested in waging wars and picking up conflicts around the world to sustain their hegemony and to prop up their economic growth through arms sales. Fighting global poverty or climate change don’t make much economic sense for them.
In reality, what makes the rich nations so arrogant is the simple fact: a New Yorker, a Londoner or a Berliner has more protective resources than a poor Bangladeshi, Nigerian or a Nepali. Therefore, they are not going to be the first victims of climatic disasters. This is how visionless fools think. Ever increasing climatic disasters are certainly affecting the poor and ordinary people the most, but they also would not remain safe for long as climate change worsens in the future.
Therefore, let’s not take international ‘climate talk shows’ too seriously. Instead, celebrate life as long as climatic disasters allow us to live!
You may like to explore: Saudi Arabia Sees End of Oil Age on the Horizon
12. RENEWABLE ENERGY – SOLAR ENERGY
Solar Power is the Future of India
Modi government has ambitious plan for creating 100 GW solar and 55 GW wind capacities by 2022, apart from saving 20 GW power through energy efficient means. Besides its commitment to provide “Power for All” by 2019, Indian government has to also meet its future international commitment to reduce GHG emissions. Therefore, India must focus on renewables, particularly the solar power given abundance of sunlight throughout the country.
For solar projects, 1 MW generation requires about 5 acres of land. Were India to install all its 100 GW capacity in the form of a big “solar farm”, it would require around 500,000 acres of land – three times the current size of the Mumbai metropolitan area.
Taking cue from the Charanka solar park in Gujarat, the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has announced a scheme to develop at least 25 solar parks (each with capacity 500 MW or up) and Ultra Mega Solar Power Projects (UMSPP) (they are mega projects 500 MW or above), in next five years, across the country. Other renewable projects and manufacturing will also be allowed in solar parks.
Smaller parks could also be considered under the scheme in Himalayan states where availability of large tracts of contiguous land may be difficult and in States where there is acute shortage of non-agricultural lands.
If 100 GW solar power is created from a single mega “solar farm”, it would require around 500,000 acres of land – three times the current size of the Mumbai metropolitan area.
Bookmark this blog for useful articles on solar energy: Living on Solar Power
13. SIGNIFICANT POLITICAL DEVELOPMENTS
13a) THE REAL SIGNIFICANCE OF 2014 FOR INDIAN POLITICS!
By all means the year 2014 will go down the history of free India. It will be remembered for changing the political discourse in the history of free India – a non-Congress party got absolute majority at the Center. It signifies many other things, such as:
End of Coalition Era
It effectively means end of power broking role of regional parties like SP, BSP, NCP, TMC, AIIDMK, DMK, Shiv Sena, BJD, TDP and so on.
End of the most corrupt government
It removed the most incompetent and corrupt government since independence. The 10 years of Manmohan Singh as PM were the most unusual and demeaning governance free India has seen.
Hiding behind Manmohan Singh, the actual power was wielded by Congress supremo Italy born power hungry Sonia and her yet-to-mature son. Her superficial knowledge of India and sub-mediocre advisors left the country feeling badly helpless and powerless. She showed no remorse or introspection while India was bleeding with scam after scam – as if she had literally decided to throw the country to “dogs.” Demise of her incompetent rule in 2014 gave India and all its proud and nationalist citizens a deep sigh of relief.
Arrival of an Assertive and Charismatic PM Who Knows India Well
Arrival of Modi brought much needed sense of assurance and security among ordinary Indians, particularly 100 crore Hindus that they don’t have to put up with the corruption and divisive nonsense of Mullah declared ‘seculars’. Modi has already proved that he is the tallest leader in the political landscape of the country – much above all in the ruling NDA and opposition parties. His ability to connect with people is mesmerizing, he has forged personal relations with all global leaders and has emerged as a global statesman, and his decisive handling of Pakistan and China makes Indians proud that the country is now in safe hands. Doklam stand-off and the “surgical strike” in Pakistan underscored the fact that India is no more a soft state run by spineless and corrupt politicians.
A PM who can take BOLD Steps
Bold steps like demonetization and stand against “triple talaq” in the Supreme Court have highly endeared Modi among the poor masses (who have remained exploited by the caste and communal politicians thus far) and Muslim women (who remain oppressed by the ossified-brained and backward looking Mullahs). This must be seen as true national integration. Implementation of the GST is expected to further integrate the nation and turn it into one coherent market.
End of Fake Secularism and Muslim Appeasement Politics
Since independence, the poisonous ‘Muslim appeasement’ politics had occupied central stage of the national politics as well as governance of the country. Exploiting the Islam connection and the appeasement politics of power hungry Congressis Pakistan and its ISI had been wielding unusually high influence in India. Since 1947, India was being run by a Muslim centric agenda by the appeasement politicians. Since 2002, Sonia Gandhi adopted an openly anti-Hindu rhetoric and her party men did not shy of maligning Hindus to win over Muslim votes.
For these so-called mullah loving ‘secular’ clowns of Indian politics, Yoga is communal and Ramzan is secular; the Kashmiri Hindu massacre/displacement and 1993 Mumbai serial blasts by Muslim terrorists are non-issues. Congressis like Digvijay Singh called the 26/11 Mumbai terror attack a handiwork of RSS! For him, Osama bin Laden is a hero andKasab and his jihadigang were only performing their religious duty of killing Hindu Kafir. His buddies – Chidambaram and Sushil Shinde – tried to create a fake narrative of ‘saffron terror’ after letting go of arrested Pak suspects of Samjhauta Express blast. News channels like the ‘Times Now’ have evidence of their conspiracy. Now they are coining ‘Hind terror.’
In reality, these so-called ‘liberals’ and ‘seculars’ are reminders of ‘Jai Chands’ of Indian history who betrayed their nation for personal greed. Pakistan loves them particularly because both have the same common enemy: Modi and BJP
The BJP got impressive majorities in UP, Uttarakhand, HP and formed governments in Goa and Manipur while retaining Gujarat. Punjab chose the Congress, since the Akalis had shamelessly turned the state into a “drug-state” and because AAP still remains a ‘media party’ of noise makers. In UP, people decisively defeated the long time gang of fake-seculars and appeasement politics of the Congress-SP-BSP brigade. Proud Hindu hater Mayawati’s could bag only 19 seats for her party and the Mulla-yam’s family owned SP got limited to 48. Sonia-Rahul kitchen Congress achieved another brilliant mile-stone, by winning just 7 seats!!
In 2018, Karnataka is the first major state to go for electionsinmid 2018 after which Rajasthan, MP and Chhattisgarh will see elections. Let’s see what kind of dirty tricks Rahul and his kitchen cabinet would come up with. The new lord of Congress party has already started visiting temples and declared himself a “Janeu Dhari” Hindu!! This power hungry clown can play any drama for votes.
Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) created history after winning 67 seat out of 70; now 20 stand disqualifiedforKejriwal’s ‘office of profit’ gimmick. Another 13-16 may face similar fate soon.Kejriwal has emerged as the Kim JongUn of AAP who can’t think beyond his own narrow interests; he sold 2 RajyaSabha tickets to rich elites ignoring an apt founder leader like Kumar Vishwas. He came to do alternate politics but turned out to be yet another unreliable and power hungry political joker. Through his incompetence and dishonesty he has systematically betrayed his own party men and Delhiites who gave him unparalleled majority.
13b) MODI ENDS TRIPLE TALAQ!
August 22 Brought Dignity and Freedom For Muslim Women
August 22, 2017 will be remembered by all Indian Muslim women as a day when they got freedom from the oppressive practice of sudden and arbitrary out-of-court ‘triple talaq’ deliberately sustained by the maulavis in the name of ‘Islam’. Modi government’s stand on ‘triple talaq’ has endeared the 9 crore Muslim women of India. Although not fully out of the oppressive patriarchal shadow, they are now emboldened to demand for legal ban on Halala marriages and polygamy.
It was something political pundits have never thought feasible given the deep rooted cult of maulvi appeasement politics in the political establishment. Where the appeasement politics failed Shah Bano in 1985 end of appeasement helped Saira Bano won justice in 2017.
The SC verdict also gave a severe blow to the patriarchal stranglehold of Maulavis over the women, sustained in the name of Islam. After the legislation make triple talaq a cognizable offense, victimized women would have the option for legal recourse.
Why Shah Bano Failed in 1985
f a Muslim man could just walk out of the marriage so easily in a secular country like India, even after several decades since independence, it speaks for the political clout of the ossified brained Mullahs. The ugliest face of ‘appeasement’ was on display in the mid 1985 when the Supreme Court ordered maintenance for a triple talaq victim, Shah Bano. It brought furious radical Mullahs on the streets in protest as if the Supreme Court of secular India has attacked their religion. The Congress government buckled under pressure and went to the extent of negating the SC verdict through Constitutional amendment in order to placate angry maulvis!
Too Rigid Patriarchy with Irrational Mindset
The biggest enemy of the Muslim community is the ossified brained and backward looking clergy that mentally remains stuck in the 7th century pre-Islamic Arab desert. Just listen to any maulavi talk and you would soon see that all rights and freedom belongs to Muslim men alone. As per their Sharia Law, women are no better than commodity or cattle owned by men. Before August 22, many maulanas have been proudly declaring that even if the man is drunk and uttered talaq three times the marriage is instantly over.
In fact, these maulavis can sell any injustice and irrationality citing Islam or Sharia. Nikahhalala is another of their favorite practice. It comes in the picture if the divorced woman has to remarry her previous husband. As per ‘their’ Islam she has to first marry another man who will ‘purify’ the lady by having sex with her and then will divorce her! Thus ‘purified’ now she can remarry her ex husband! Isn’t it an ingenious way to enjoy sex without going to some streetprostitute and even get paid for being one night husband for sexual favor? What a pathetic mindset.
If it sounds like an unethical sex racket you still have the ability to think like a normal man! Be convinced that like jihadi terrorists these stuck brain maulavis are the biggest enemies of their own people. The human civilization has crossed the 20th century and is preparing for the global challenges of the 21st century. But these maulavis appear hell bent to take the community backwards, in the name of Sharia, towards the 7th century when women were mere sex commodities, breeders and confort providers. Such stuck brain maulavis are represented by the All India Muslim Personal Law Board (AIMPLB). It argued in the Supreme Court that women are only as mature as children; hence, their words should not be taken seriously!!
Congratulations to all those who took the matter to the Supreme Court and emerged winners. Next step should be the fight against halala, polygamy and short term marriages – all designed for sexual pleasure of Muslim men. There is nothing religious about them. Finally the ultimate target should be the uniform civil code.
Ending hajj subsidy and allowing groups of women going for hajj with male escort were other progressive steps taken by Modi government, highlighting the end of dirty appeasement politics that revolved around the Muslim clergy and empowering women folks instead.