Overview of Important Issues in India

Does Taj really represent India?

Does Taj really represent India?

India – the biggest democracy in the world – is going through a lot of changes and turmoil, both from within and due to forces outside. As a country, it is unparalleled in its diversity – cultural, religious, social, and economical as well as political. The way India has evolved since departure of colonial British in 1947 is not at all inspiring. Despite the celebration of August 15 as Independence Day and January 26 as Republic Day for past six decades, it does not appear that India has really shaken off its colonial past. Contrary to the expectation that Indians would rule themselves with their own thinking it turned out that Nehru and his colleagues largely followed the demeanor of the White British and failed to look at larger issues faced by the newly truncated free state.

Today, India is globally recognized for three things: high poverty, high population, and high corruption. India is home to about one-third of world’s extreme poor, is set to become the most populous country by around 2028 beating China, and is counted among the most corrupt countries in the world where opening and doing business is a mountainous task. Doing business honestly in India is as tough as winning an Olympic medal, may be even harder!

In confusion people generally ask: Is India a Poor Nation or Emerging Superpower. “Both” is perhaps the correct answer.


British lootPartition of India was designed by the British to carve out a new nation in order to satisfy the personal ambitions of a few Muslim leaders led by Jinnah – the idea of two nation theory was already floated several years before 1947 and it was nothing but appeasement of Islamic fundamentalism. The colonial looters would have been happier creating more fragments but could not find other sectarian leaders outside the Muslim community. For example, their missionaries have not converted sizeable number of people into Christianity so they could not create another State for them. It certainly was a cunning and destructive decision meant to sow the seeds of long term future confrontation on the Indian sub-Continent after the British departed. It reflected the typical conniving mindset of the British (Western) thinking: I rule, else I destroy. Partition fuelled the communal disharmony between Hindus and Muslims leading to massive blood bath and mass migration of Hindus and Muslims from both sides.

In the truncated “Secular” India, activities of radical Islamic elements, who could not go to Pakistan during partition but remained in India as Pakistan sympathizer, remained an ever lurking threat to communal harmony. It also often triggered fundamentalism on the other side. The bitter memories of bloodbath following the partition served to sustain mutual mistrust in both communities. Their provocative or belligerent activities were generally ignored by the ruling Congress Party until forced to act – it was seen as unfair appeasement by the majority silent Hindus.

True Secularism For India !!

“Communal” Politics of “Secular” Politicians!

In the later years, this appeasement transformed into minority ‘vote bank’ politics and distortions crept in the secularism as practiced – the phenomenon is still going on. After 65 years, today “secularism” only stands for communal politics to corner Muslim or Christian vote banks. Of the two, the 1% Christian community is more peaceful and more humane. But being larger in numbers, the 14% Muslim “vote bank” is more lucrative. It has and is still harming India in two ways:  One, it is hurting the cause of national integration; and two, it has actually harmed India’s Muslim community more than anyone else.

Indian Muslim community historically excelled in a variety of skills and cultural activities, but groomed as ‘vote bank’ for decades they increasingly sank into poverty and hopelessness. If the government allotted funds for numerous schemes, they were generally siphoned off by the corrupt power brokers of the community. Then the ‘Secularists’ also started demanding “reservation” for Muslims in government jobs alongside dalits and other backward communities. Thus, Muslims were pushed into the politics of reservation also. A decade into 21st century, this community presents a scene of self perpetuated misery and directionless-ness. [read more on pseudo-secularism later]

Anyway, thanks to the amalgamating influence of accommodative, peace-loving and often unassertive 80% Hindus, Muslims in India enjoy a rare degree of social and political freedom. Perhaps the biggest mistake Indian Muslims have made is to not go whole-heartedly for “Sufi” branch of Islam which is perhaps the most spiritual, and thus most humane, form of Islam that respects people of other faiths too. Only Sufis, Pirs, and Fakirs can integrate people of all faiths and philosophies, and particularly the Muslim communities into rest of the mainstream. Instead, what is promoted in the Madrasas with Gulf funds, easily falls for radicalism. It has separative and fundamentalist flavor.

Muslims Population

Today India has as many Muslims as Pakistan –  roughly about 175 million – yet forming only about 14% of the Indian population (1.25 billion). Of the total global population of about 1.6 billion, the largest number of Muslims lives in Indonesia (203 million, forming 88% of country’s population).  Pakistan and India have the next largest Muslim populations in the world, followed by Bangladesh (150 million). In terms of numbers, other major countries are Egypt (80 million), Nigeria (80 million), Iran (75 million), and Turkey (74 million). Around 80% Muslims live in countries where they are in majority. About 1 billion or 62% live in Asia pacific region, followed by about 320 million (21%) in the Middle East – North Africa and 245 million (Sub Saharan Africa); Europe has only 40 million and Americas have just 5 million Muslims.

Of the 97% Muslims in Pakistan, 10-15% are Shia Muslims.  India also has similar proportion of Shia Muslims. Globally, Muslims are divided between Sunnis (87-90%) and Shias (10-13%). Iran is the global hub of Shias; over 90% of its population consists of Shias. Iraq is another country in that region with Shais forming about two-third of its population. Only two more countries, Azerbaijan and  Bahrain, have Shia majority; rest of the Muslim countries have Sunni majority. Outside the Gulf, only India, Pakistan and Bangladesh have most of the Shias.

The reason for this digression is that Pakistan’s overtures are intimately connected with events of the Gulf region, including its love for fundamentalism and Jehadi violence.

The politics of oil rich Gulf region is dictated by the rivalry between Shia Iran (75 million population) and the cash rich Sunni Saudi Arabia (30 million population). If the Iran-US nuclear stand-off  is resolved the Saudis will lose much of their shine for the US and the West. Pakistan is already making overtures – it did not join the Saudi military operation in Yemen, despite the fact that Saudis have been liberally funding most of Pakistan’s military capabilities in the past.

The “Pak Headache” of India!



Partition of British India was not just a communal birth of Pakistan; it was birth of a migraine that would hurt India for decades. Just weeks after its birth, it invaded Kashmir that forced Kashmir’s ruler to seek India’s help and signed the treaty of accession. The first Indo-Pak war ended with two-third territory of Kashmir under Indian control and the rest with Pak – this line of control (LOC) still holds. The 1965 and 1971 wars did not change the LOC. However, after the shameful defeat in the 1971 war, Pakistan upgraded its  “hate India”  policy to  “bleed India” mission!

The religious fundamentalism that created Pakistan in the name of Islam, failed to keep the country intact beyond 1971 – when a dispute over results of a general election precipitated a civil war in the East Pakistan, sending lakhs of refugees into India. Irked by Indian support to civil movement in East Pakistan it attacked India; but only after two weeks of battle  93,000 Pakistani troops surrendered giving birth of a new nation – Bangladesh. Pakistan suddenly lost half of its territory! It is the most shameful military defeat of any army after the WW-2!

Nonetheless, the 1971 humiliation gave birth to its “bleed India” doctrine and Kashmir became the sole focus of its foreign policy. The actual “bleed India” operation started in 1989 after Soviet troops withdrew from Afghanistan.

Radicalization of Pakistan

Islam arrived in India through Muslim invaders and also with Sufi saints who started arriving in the 14th century mainly to avoid their persecution in the Arab lands. Over the centuries, the amalgamation with indigenous philosophies created an Islam in India that has significant flavor of Sufism – the most humane form of Islam. It accepts peaceful coexistence of people, going beyond confines of faith and beliefs and is strictly non-political.

quran and wahhabi know bestIn the 1980s, Pak military dictator General Jia Ul Haq decided to change the “color” of Islam. In his desire to stand out loudly as a radical Islamic State of Asia and get accepted by the Islamic brothers in the rich Gulf nations, he opted for Saudi Arabia’s Wahhabism, which is utterly authoritarian. But that’s what a military general would choose. Russian occupation of Afghanistan offered the opportunity to try religious fanaticism against the communists. Thus, the US-Pak joint experiment began with setting up training camps to produce Islamic Jehadi fighters who would wage Holy War against the Soviet army. The idea was to constantly hurt and “bleed” the Russians and make their lives “hell” in Afghanistan. In other words, make Afghanistan their Vietnam!

Thus, Al Qaeda, Taliban and other Jehadi groups were born. Russians left in 1989. The US and Pak felt elated at their brilliant success against the communists. Pakistan started diverting the “out of job” Jehadis to Kashmir to “hurt and bleed India”. Indian army was deployed in the Valley with extra powers. Cross border infiltration kept the Kashmir Valley “boiling” for almost the whole 1990s – it must be the golden period of “Islamic violence” in Asia and the most satisfying dream come true for Pakistan. But its pleasant dream was to end soon in September 2001.

Impact of the 9/11 Attack

Pak honeymoon with Islamic extremism was badly jolted by the 9 September 2001 attack in the US. During the last 10 years, Jehadi factories have been churning out terrorists as a matter of routine. Now the US wanted Pak to shut them. Arrival of US troops in Afghanistan searching for Osama Bin Laden made life difficult for the Pak government.  It was forced to act against its own Jehadi children to please the US, while its civilian population was turned vehemently anti-American.

All through the American war-on-terror since 2001 Pakistan played a double game because the Americans needed a local ally. It extracted aid from the Americans to fight terrorists but used it for its proxy war against India. Within a decade of NATO’s war on terror Pakistan established itself as world’s biggest terrorist breeding center and lost all its international credibility when Americans killed Osama on its own territory without its knowledge! Even today, the perpetrators of 1993 Mumbai serial blasts and 2008 26/11 Mumbai attacks have safe sanctuary in Pakistan, while it rightly claims to be the biggest victim of terror groups it willfully nurtured.

It is a shame that even after the US led trillion dollar ‘war-on-terror’ for 13 years, terrorism is still thriving. The Al Qaeda has only lost competition to the ISIS which emerged in 2014 and is setting milestones in barbarism in the ruins of Iraq and Syria. Today, America and its allies are hated more than before the 9/11 terror attack. Blinded by their military might they even now fail to see the dangers of promoting hate and their policies towards the Muslim world still remains highly divisive and exploitative. Conduct of the Western nations is the proof that developing economy and technology does not develop people – they still have fascination for violence and wars just like the terrorists fighting them. If the former claim to be “most developed” people on this planet, the later have reduced their religion to mere display of barbarism in the name of Holy War, just like the Arab tribes of medieval age.

pakistan terror victimAfter the December 2014 Taliban attack on school children in Peshawar which killed over 140 children of Pak army men, it was expected that Pakistan will now eliminate all terror groups from its soil and it did intensify its operations against the Taliban camps and the government lifted ban on death sentences and started hanging convicted terrorists in Pakistani jails. But the momentum appears to have decayed and the distinction between good and bad terrorists continues.

Beyond the terror industry, Pakistan’s nuclear arms are a major concern for the global community which is apprehensive about the nukes falling in the hands of the terrorists.  Pakistan is perfect example of what happens when a State is run on the silly principle: “I exist to hurt You; not to make Me better.”

You may like to explore: What makes Pakistan, Pakistan!

The reason for this short historical perspective is that it helps to understand the current social and political structure and problems created them.


Equating  “Dharma”  with  “Religion”  was  a Big  Translation Error

dharma and religionYes, India made a terrible mistake when it equated the English word ‘Religion’ with Hindi word ‘Dharma’ because people used the phrase Hindu Dharma, Sikh Dharma, Jain Dharma and so on to describe these philosophies. It is utterly wrong to call the Hindu Dharma as Hindu religion, the Sikh Dharma as Sikh religion or the Jain Dharma as Jain religion. However, Christianity and Islam are certainly “Religions.” They were not born on Indian soil.

Dharma and religion are simply incomparable. It is like naming football as ping pong ball because both are ‘round’ or because both are used to play sport! This ended up devaluing the culture and philosophy of over 80% of India’s population that did not practice foreign originated philosophies of  Islam or Christianity.

The English word ‘Religion’ is strictly a narrow Western construct and was coined to describe the characteristics of Abrahamic or Prophetic philosophies, notably Judaism, Christianity and Islam. In the philosophy called  “religion”,  a superman like ‘God’ reveals the ‘Truth’ to a ‘Messenger’ which is written in a ‘Holy Book.’ As a follower, you merely “believe” in whatever is told to you, accept an unknown and unseen ‘savior’ God who will ‘salvage’ you, or lead you to some ‘Paradise’, perform pre-fixed rituals and abide by the hierarchy of the religion. So, the English word  “religion” denotes a specific  “belief system”.

The home born spiritual philosophies – Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism etc – are simply different paths to practice Dharma, which points to natural laws, personal ethics, inherent characteristics of things, and so on. Stating in simple words,

Dharma provides a universal world-view which orients people towards peaceful and harmonious living, among themselves as well as with nature.

dharma defDharma is universal and applies on the whole humanity and encompasses the Nature as well. We may call the different Indian philosophies as paramparas (traditions) that originated in the teachings of different enlightened saints. Saints only teach the universal laws and duties – collectively called ‘Dharma’ – for peaceful and harmonious living. Only later, their followers form a sect or community, but still people of one community respect other saints and enlightened persons for their wisdom and knowledge.

There is nothing mysterious or ‘other wordly’ about Dharma, it already exists in this world – the saints only describe it in a way that people understand it. Since the most ancient time in India, the Rishis and sages, who were actually spiritual scientists trying to unravel the path to ultimate happiness and end of all human suffering, discovered the laws of nature that apply on all existence including humans. So Dharma is a universal order which encompasses everything that affects people and anyone can practice it irrespective of what he believes or doesn’t believe. Nor does a human being have to see himself as a sinner and accept some unknown power as his savior.

religion belief systemIn contrast, a religion demands that you first declare your “belief” in the prescribed system and then join the “community”. You can be religious only as long as you are a “believer” of that particular ‘belief system’. Typically, you have to believe in three concepts: presence of an omniscient and omnipresent God as an entity who rules the world, his “chosen” messenger (eg., Jesus for Christians and Mohammad for Muslims) for revealing the only “Truth”, and the Holy Book that contains the particular Teaching.

So, if you want to become a Muslim start “believing” in Quran or if you want to believe in the Jesus as your “Savior”, declare so and turn Christian. Simple! Isn’t it? It is all about “belief”. But you can’t be a Muslim and a Christian at the same time and if you can’t believe in “God” forget about being religious! Further, religions divide people into the privileged “believers” and unworthy and lowly “non-believers” who are doomed as per their theory.

dharma unites religion dividesIn contrast, dharma teaches people to live according to Nature’s laws and enjoy peace and harmony. It unites the humanity as a family, vasudhaiva kutumbakam; the focus is always on the “Conduct” – not on imosing beliefs. You may utterly dislike the idea of God or Soul or other proposed divine entities, yet can practice dharma and improve your conduct and life! People have full freedom to reflect, investigate and absorb the “essence” of Dharma in their own way – there is no Single Path as a religionist would impose.

On the lighter note: nothing will go wrong if we start calling “communism” a religion, and create a theory that the ‘God’ revealed the ‘Only Truth’ to the chosen ‘messenger’ Carl Marx!   We can add further: if you believe in Marx you will go to heaven after death, else you will face endless torture in the hell!!  You can be still more  ‘creative’  depending upon  your  marketing needs!!

What is Dharmic Conduct?

The life of a dharmic person has some essential aspects: restrain from over indulgence in sense pleasures, purity of thoughts, compassionate attitude towards others, and truthfulness. It may also be called virtuous living. It is facilitated by studying dharmic scriptures and cultivating the mind through meditation and Yoga practices. So, dharma is all about right conduct and virtuous living, disregarding what you believe or don’t believe. On the contrary, an adharmic life is dictated by the vices like ego, hate, greed, and over-indulgence in sense pleasures.

Sage Patanjali gave the 8-fold path of Yoga so that people can live a dharmic life. The Buddha laid down the technology of liberation in his 8-fold path.

While many good preachers of religions advise their followers to practice some of the universal ethics of Dharma like love and compassion or serving the poor and suffering people, but by and large the focus remains on enforcing the “belief” and that it is the only “One True Path.”

Consequence of Equating Dharma with Religion

There are 2 major issues: one, Hinduism and other Indian philosophies get distorted; and two, religions have a political dimension in their idea of “conversion” that’s politically motivated.

Using the concept of ‘religion’ to interpret the Indian philosophies distorts their right understanding or provides only a partial view. Not because the teachings are complex, but because we are wearing filtering glasses. Thus, Hinduism is not a religion in the sense Christianity or Islam is. In fact, people of India (Bharat) were not conscious of their “faith” until the followers of Christ and Mohammad came in. The word ‘Hinduism’ was coined by them from their perspective.

Numerous sects and philosophies have co-existed peacefully in India since ancient times, yet the faithlines were never considered too rigid to divide people along it. In simple words, people were already “secular” and inherently respected diversities of viewpoints. People followed their spiritual practices but respected all saintly people and their followers. There was an unspoken trust among people of different traditions. But the arrival of missionaries of the prophetic religions and their division of people between believers and non-believers changed all that.

In fact, as long as Muslims and Christians practice their ‘faith’ strictly in the spiritual sense – as a tool to improve their conduct while respecting people who think differently – there is hardly any problem. Their faith remains a personal matter. But the moment they step out to ‘convert’ people in the name of ‘religious duty’ they become suspect for using the faith as a political tool for dominance. Then they reduce the spiritual teachings of their prophet or ‘son of God’ to the level of a socio-political movement, despite the endless empty talk of God and divinity.

Unfortunately, when we see the Muslim world particularly in the Middle East and Afghan-Pak region, all we see is armed political struggle for dominance – even Muslims killing each other. What Pakistan started doing in Kashmir since 1989, is also the same thing: inciting violence in the name of Islam.  Non-Muslims are left wondering: Is Islam merely a political philosophy to justify violence?

You may also like to explore:  Why  “Dharma” is Not  “Religion”


Former PM Dr Manmohan Singh had declared that “The left wing naxal violence is the biggest internal security threat for India.” Naxal influence has grown in the past decades and they have created a ‘red corridor’ – vast tracks of land in the tribal belts of the country where they wield considerable influence. However, the naxal/Maoist ideology is well known and can be dealt with politically and militarily.

However, there is another challenge that is far more deceptive and disruptive as well. It is an invisible threat to National cohesion. It is the distorted communal politics of minority “vote bank” politics. This highly poisonous decisive practice is generally called “pseudo-secularism.” It can’t be fought with military might. The practitioners of such substandard politics need to be exposed and boycotted.

The roots of this “communal virus” can be traced to Indira era when it became a standard political tool to win elections. It involves posing as champions of minority interests, win their votes and, of course, forget them afterwards. This practice gave rise to a breed of leaders who started roaming around as the only caretakers of ‘secularism’ – a concept enshrined in the Constitution.

In a multi-religious society like India, secularism is a vital concept and all should have the freedom to practice what they believe peacefully, without threat or discrimination. It is also a reaffirmation of the all-encompassing and assimilating mindset that comes from the ancient culture of this land. It always prescribed the ethos of “unity in diversity” and dates back to the era much before the Christ.

Respect for Humanity is a Culture of Indian People

In fact, even without the written provision in the Constitution, India would have naturally remained a secular State because that is the nature of its people. The majority Hindus are inherently secular and highly accommodative; there is nothing in their spirituality based belief system that encourages looking down upon or discrimination against outsiders or strangers. They don’t read “holy books” that divides humanity into believers and non-believers, and demand that non-believers should be “converted.”

Other allied ideologies which evolved on the Indian soils like Jainism, Sikhism and Buddhism also share the same attributes. They all promote life of high morality, respect for all saintly people and individual spiritual upliftment. The beauty of this philosophical amalgamation is seen in the almost universal respect for ‘sufism’, for example. Sirdi Saibaba is another exemplary saint who is held with respect by all communities, or go to Ajmer Shareef.

Religious Discrimination is a Foreign Concept

The idea of discriminating people on what they believe and changing the religious label of other people is a foreign concept. It came to India with the arrival of the two newest religions – Islam (1200 year old) and Christianity (2000 year old) – over the centuries. Unlike Indian born ideologies that focus on individual’s spiritual evolution, these two faiths are ‘social’; they divide people clearly into believers and non-believers and actively encourage “conversions” creating an adversarial atmosphere. Naturally, with an adversarial attitude you can’t coexist peacefully with others who don’t share your belief. This is the root of all communalism in India.

In fact, majority Hindus have no problem with people worshipping Jesus or Mohammad and following the wonderful ideals they taught. They respect religious freedom and it automatically exists in Hindu society; they trouble starts when the so-called “followers” and “believers” go “marketing” for “conversions” and demand doing so as matter of “Right.”

Secularism in the Constitution

faith politicsThe doctrine of religious freedom is enshrined in the UN charter under the declaration of Universal Human Rights and also in article 25 of the Indian constitution. Both these declarations state that the right to “change” one’s religion is a universal human right. The Indian constitution goes further by including the right to “propagate” one’s religion as a fundamental “right.”

So problem starts with the “right to propagate”. Whenever Christian missionaries enter a poor community or approaches tribal people with the pretext of ‘serving’ or ‘helping’ people get suspicious because they know the motive: “Conversion.” Such people are on marketing trip and have to show the performance, ie, “targets of conversions”, generally tied to size of funding. Of course, they come brainwashed into believing that they alone are superior and privileged; rest are all lowly creatures in human shape. It is not their fault; “the book” and the “book keepers” tell them to do think and act that way. In the middle east, people are brainwashed into believing that blowing the suicide jacket is the sure way to reach paradise instantly. Again in the name of faith – it can be twisted to serve any ulterior motive when there are gullible people.

Clearly, religious freedom, as currently defined, is problematic for Indian society. Certainly, the word “propagate” is ruining the harmonious fabric of Indian society. It should be defined as a private practice for personal upliftment like indigenous Indian religions. All so-called “faiths” should promote social harmony, feelings of brotherhood and unite societies; not sow the seeds of mistrust and fragmentation.

Thus, the political side of religions need curbing by enacting an Anti-Conversion Law.

A Truth of Secular India

Minority “Vote Bank” Politics

Congress party is clearly the inventor of the minority “vote bank” politics. This is an integral part of its practice of “secularism” which takes different forms. The first step is to create fear of Hindus among minority groups. Then the communal gimmick can take several forms. In the most innocent form it assumes “ignore Hindu” (or “take Hindus for granted”) type of mindset; the other extreme is the “accuse Hindu” campaign depending upon the situation. No wonder, as part of the game plan the Congress started the tradition of proudly calling Hindu Organizations and anyone who speaks for Hindus ‘communal.’ Mostly recently, the notable example is the endless communal campaign against Modi. The “Hindu phobia” must be sustained on continuous basis for the “vote bank” politics to work.

Outside Congress, this “political science of appeasement” is practiced by politicians like Mulayam Singh, Laloo Yadav, Nitish Kumar, Mamata Banerjee and host of others. Congress Prince Rahul looks odd when he also joins the chorus Since the 14% Muslims are the largest minority they are the prime target. In collusion with select self-serving Muslim community leaders these “vote bank” politicians have seriously harmed the cause of national integration and hampered the progress of the Muslim community while championing their interests.

Over the years, it became a fashion that if you want to show off as secular start accusing the RSS and other Hindu organizations of being communal. If a thief breaks into a Church or some miscreants cause some damage, these “secularists” automatically start pointing fingers at the Hindus.

However, the year 2014 gave a big blow to their communal “vote bank” game. The clear majority of the BJP in the Lok Sabha elections is the proof that people, including the Muslim community, are tired of this silly “vote bank” politics. It is wonderful that the Muslim community has now seen the real “communal” face of these self serving pseudo-secularists. It is a healthy sign for the Indian democracy that most of these distorted communal brains are sitting on the opposition benches in the parliament or thrown away. Widespread acceptance of Modi around the country by all communities and emergence of the BJP as the only truly secular party has left them confused and worried.

Another large vote-bank that has been always exploited is the Dalit community. Mayawati is perhaps the biggest practitioner of dalit vote bank politics. There are of course several communities that have been regularly exploited as vote bank; Jat “reservation” by putting them in the OBC category, and overturned by the Supreme Court, is a most recent standard example of divisive vote bank politics.

There is a need to discourage all manners of vote banks and vote bankers as well. This is also the ideal time for the BJP to shed its Hindu image and get established as the truly secular national party in India with countrywide reach. It is comical to think that someone can become secular merely by maligning Hindus in India! It is a distorted mindset. You may like to read:

Comedy of Pseudo-secularism and Minority Appeasement in India



Kashmir is a paradise on the earth

Kashmir is a paradise on the earth

When the British left after 190 years of plunder of the country, India was a conglomeration of about 561 tiny princely estates rule by Rajas, Nizams and Nawabs. Their prime task was to collect taxes from the public and pay to the colonial rulers. They had the option of joining either side or stay sovereign. Home Minister, Sardar Patel used his political skills to merge them into the Indian union. Hyderbad was to last to get absorbed in the 1950s. It is a matter of pride for all Indians that the NDA government is building a world class monument to honor the “Real Sardar” of India by collecting small pieces of iron from across the country. 

Kashmir was also one such Princely State ruled by Raja Hari Singh who wanted to stay sovereign and did not join either side. Pakistan was hoping that it would come its way but Hari Singh did not make any move. In frustration and impatience, Pak troops invaded Kashmir and soon reached near Srinagar. Seeing no option, Hari Singh requested help from New Delhi. Military help was agreed on the condition that Kashmir would accede to India. Hari Singh signed the Accession Treat and Indian troops were dispatched immediately. Invaders were driven away and on cease fire, India was in control of two-third Kashmir and the rest was under Pak control. Strangely, Nehru decided to approach the UN to complain about Pak aggression. This made Kashmir an international issue. A big mistake, in hindsight!

You may explore details on Kashmir issue and how Pakistan has been trying hard to Islamize the issue on these pages:

Is There a “Kashmir Problem” in Kashmir?
Destroying Kashmiri Culture – The Pakistan Way

The arrival of BJP government at the Center after the 2014 Lok Sabha elections, PM Modi’s special interest in Kashmir, and the formation of PDP-BJP government in J&K ushers hope for a better future of Kashmiri people. Economic development and job creation will automatically take heat off the Pak’s meddling in the Valley. Let’s hope that J&K will be better integrated into mainstream India.


Wonderful tribes of North Eastern India

Wonderful tribes of North Eastern India

Yet another major unfinished business of national integration relates to the diversities – cultural, linguistic, and traditional – which are integral parts of Indian social fabric. In diversity India is more colorful than any other country or even continent. But it is ironical that a typical north Indian knows very little about the realities of south and vice-versa, and most Indian know precious little about the north eastern states, their people, culture and tradition. It is a shame that even in the capital Delhi there are ignorant people who consider their brothers and sisters from the North east as foreigners. This is frightening. Economic activities have significantly bridged the north-south gap but the north-east must be integrated with all the care and dignity. Perhaps the best way to do it is to hold regular cultural festivals across India so that people of one state know about others.

The ways to go about assimilating them into national mainstream are improving connectivity of the north eastern region by developing better infrastructure all the way up to Arunachal Pradesh and organize cultural festivals of the north eastern states in rest of the country at regular intervals.

Arrival of BJP’s Modi government at the Center is seen as a healthy sign to assimilate the NE into national mainstream. PM Modi wants to push infrastructure projects in the NE to improve connectivity and spur development.  A special help-line has been set up for people from the north east and other steps are expected.

You may like to explore: Birth and Spirit of the Sixth Schedule


Maoists want communist rule in India

Maoists want communist rule in India

Indian government is solely responsible if the left wing extremists (Naxal movement) are now recognized as the biggest internal security risk for the country (as described by former Dr Manmohan Singh). Foolishly the tribal regions, usually far and remote, were left ignored and these areas never felt the presence of protective governance machinery since 1947. Why?

The British left these areas isolated by labeling them “excluded” from governance (for their own convenience). The “brown English rulers after” 1947 never bothered to take care of their fellow countrymen living is isolated conditions in remote hills and forests, leaving them to the mercy of forest officials who acted as if they were still employed by the agents of the British East India Company. The vacuum was filled by left-wing extremists – they exploited the isolation and exploitation of the tribals by state officials and money lenders to strengthen their cadre. Their aim is to destroy the Indian State and replace it with a communist state following the Maoist ideology. Through all these decades the Indian government kept pretending that it was mere law-and-order problem.

The “Red Corridor” and Maoist Violence

Heavily Armed and Trained Naxals

Heavily Armed and Trained Naxals

Over the years, they carved out a vast territory covering 92,000 sq km area, called “Red Corridor” by the media. It has grown dramatically in last two decades along the East coast right from Nepal to Tamil Nadu. In the early 1990s the number of districts affected by varying degrees of Maoist violence stood at just 15 in four states. This rose to 55 districts in nine states by the end of 2003 and to 156 districts in 13 states in 2004.

Maoists are currently believed to be operating in around 200 districts (of a total of 604 districts in the country) in 17 states. The worst affected states are Jharkhand, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, and Orissa. The poverty and backwardness of people in these forest covered areas has provided a fertile ground for the growth of Naxals/Maoists who have been gaining strength at every neglect of these people on the part of the governments.

Download the full report on Naxal/Maoist Violence: NAXAL_Report

Why the Tribal and Naxal Issue become Important NOW?

Victims of Development

Victims of Development

The reason Indian government was forced to pay attention to Naxal Violence is the corporate interest in the natural resources, mineral mines, and water reservoirs located in these areas for ”developmental” activities under the economic reforms started in 1991. Over 75 percent natural resources, mineral mines, water reservoirs are located in the remote areas populated by the poorest of poor – Adivasis (tribals). After neglecting these areas for decades and allowing them to become the den of Naxal violence, the State and Central governments suddenly became interested in them in the post-reform era.

However, rather than appreciating the eco-friendly lifestyle of the tribals and rewarding them for preserving the natural wealth, our rulers are throwing them out so that the rich and greedy corporations can setup industries and grow the GDP of the country.

[No one wants to think about the scenario, after say 20-30 years, when all the resources have been consumed by the corporates and their bottom-lines fattened? Yes, they will sell-off their businesses leaving behind the trail of ecological mess in the areas which have been kept lush green and preserved by the illiterate tribals since ages. Isn’t it pathetic?]

Deploying security forces ostensibly in the name of fighting Naxals is the usual trick employed by the governments. The real reason is to secure the resources for the corporate houses and help evicting the local tribals. But if the government is sincere about tribal welfare, it should strengthen implementation of the PESA Act of 1996 [Panchayat (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996]. The Act extends the Panchayat Raj system to the Fifth Schedule areas and allows the tribal communities grass-root democracy by activating the Gram Sabhas (village assemblies). The Act empowers the Gram Sabhas to take authority over local natural resources also.

If the Act is honestly implemented, it will also render the Maoists baseless by allowing the rule of the law that protects the tribals. Once the tribal people get connected to the Panchayat system, they will have platforms to raise their issues and develop themselves. Unfortunately, so far the implementation of the PESA Act has been pathetic because no one (state government, forest officials, or politicians) wants to allow the poor tribals to rule themselves through their Gram Sabhas. They are more comfortable nurturing the interests of rich corporate houses. As the Union government is moving ahead with corporatization and adopting the US style corporate-led economy, the PESA, forest laws and the rule of Garm Sabhas and Panchayats will only remain paper laws for appeasement.

You may like to read:

Defeat the Maoist Ideology, Not People
PESA: A Potent Weapon Against the Maoist Violence
Download the Full Report: PESA_ACT_1996


Poverty is a human development issue

Poverty is a human development issue

India, the largest democracy of 1.25 billion people, is also the biggest center of poverty in the world – it is both widespread and intense. Today India has officially 363 million (or 29.5 percent) people under the poverty line, as against 407 million in 2004-05. This is latest claim of India’s Planning Commission in June 2014 after the latest Rangarajan Expert Group gave its report. Before its report, poverty was 22%. A brilliant game of counting the poor!  It sure is a sick joke people of India are quite used to.

Good news is that the Planning Commission died in 2014 – Modi killed it!! He replaced it with the National Institution for Transforming India (NITI); its structure and role will evolve in the coming months. Demise of outdated Planning Commission is a good news for all who want a real bottom-to-top flow of ideas. The Planning Commission was rightly a gathering of ‘Bunch of Jokers’ in the eyes of late Rajiv Gandhi. Just two years ago it faced widespread criticism for it fanciful definition of poverty line. It was a club of well connected bureaucrats who lived in isolation and enjoyed lavishly on public money. In 2011-12, its staff of 1160, ate away Rs 84 lakhs in “Chai-Nashta”!! Its elite bosses wasted Rs 34 lakhs in renovation of 2 toilets in 2012!!  None of its privileged member would have known that over 60% Indians have no toilet.

The comprehensive Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) of UK based Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) gives a better insight into the extent and nature of poverty. The MPI puts Indian poverty at about 53% (650 million poor).

While no one believes the official poverty data of the Indian government, it is fair to say that about 400 – 600 million people live in poverty. While there can never be agreement on poverty numbers, compare these numbers with the European Union and US populations of over 500 million and 320 million, respectively. These are huge numbers, by any standard.

India holds the distinction of having the most number of poor of the world – a super poor nation! Consequently, South Asia has become the world’s biggest center of extreme poverty. On the World Bank’s extreme poverty line of 1.25 dollars a day, there are roughly 500 million extreme poor in South Asia – most of it in India. The only other comparable pocket of poverty is the sub Saharan Africa, with 400 million people in extreme poverty.

Yet, India has about 100 and sub Sahara Africa 16 billionaires !!

Removing poverty through microfinance: Turning the Poor into Entrepreneurs!


Poverty is much more than lack of income.

Poverty is much more than lack of income.

In 21st Century, poverty must be seen in the right perspective; not by some arbitrary income line fixed by so-called experts. Poverty must be looked, beyond income. Research of past few decades has firmly established that poverty cannot be properly understood in economic terms alone – divorced of social, cultural and political perspectives. People are social beings; processes and activities of the society affect their state of well-being. Studies of the problems of poor people and their communities have led to an understanding of poverty as a situation of several simultaneous deprivations, feeding one another. The new perspective sees poverty as a human condition that reflects failures in many aspects of human life – related to nourishment, employment, shelter, health, education, social and political participation, etc.

Perhaps the most fundamental definition of poverty comes from Amartya Sen’s capability theory of development:  It see poverty as failure of basic human capabilities related to fundamental needs of survival. This approach has brought a paradigm shift in the development thinking around the world in the past two decades. It laid the foundation of the human development index (to be discussed next).

It has also impacted the thinking that led to the development of the multidimensional poverty index (MPI) – created jointly by the UNDP and OPHI in 2010. It lays down a map of various deprivations people are facing which is very useful for the policy planners. Several nations like Brazil and Mexico have adopted variations of the MPI technique for estimating poverty. The most interesting case is that of Bhutan which measures its progress by what it called gross national happiness index which is calculated by the same Alkire-Foster methodology that goes behind the MPI. Bhutan’s case will be commented upon later when we talk about sustainable development.

If Poverty is Multidimensional, So should be Development

Learn about 8 Reasons Why India is So Poor.



Money can't measure human well-being

Money can’t measure human well-being

The West and Western thinkers have traditionally seen “economic growth” as development. That’s the reason why everyone talks about GDP growth. But the truth is: the GDP is just an economic number – total market value of all goods and services produced during a specified time interval. It can’t distinguish economic activities which are beneficial to people, society and the environment. Highly expensive celebrity parties and expenditure on charitable work among the poor communities are treated the same way.

Further, consider these oddities of GDP: Polluting activities increase the GDP because of the expenses involved in the clean up. Crimes boost the GDP due to expenses on police, security, jails, are legal procedures. Wars and conflicts increase expenditure on weapons. None of these are healthy expenditure. Moreover, as people tend to become self-reliant, the GDP goes down. If a community decides to grow fruits and vegetables together and share or if community members decide to help each other at times of financial crisis, the GDP decreases.

Ironically, all wasteful or unnecessary or avoidable expenditures boost the GDP. It thus promotes consumption and consumerism. It doesn’t even consider people or focus on them. Yet, when people see it as the primary indicator of development and people’s well-being, reality gets blurred and the dialog goes in the wrong directions. Today, countries are obsessed with expansion of GDP year-after-year… till eternity! It sound like insanity to me.

So, what is development?

Development should focus on people, not economy.
Poverty is Multidimensional, So should be Development

The Human Development (HD) Approach

Since 1990, the annual Human Development Reports (HDR) of the UNDP have been promoting the idea of human development (HD) which is a people focused comprehensive development model. Commonsense also demands that people and their well-being should be the focus of development, not economy.

The HD perspective put people at the center of development. The idea of human development revolves around the basic theme: “People are the real wealth of a nation.”Thus, the prime objective of development is to create an enabling environment for people to live long, healthy and creative life. This was stated in the first HDR published in 1990. This is a remarkable paradigm shift in thinking about the poor; it sees poverty as lack of development.

Incidentally, the foundation of the HD perspective came from Amartya Sen’s capability theory of development. Sen argues that the purpose of development is to enrich human lives, not richness of economy which is only a part of it.

Redefining Development: From GDP Growth to Holistic Development


GDP must be replaced.

GDP must be replaced.

Bhutan is the only country in the world that does not use GDP as a measure of progress; instead it uses what it calls the gross national happiness (GNH). Way back in the 1970s its king declared that “Gross National Happiness (GNH) is more important than Gross National Product (GDP).” The GNH is holistic and gives importance to other dimensions of human life such as cultural, spiritual and social as well as health of the environment. Therefore, the state policies are not made only from the monetary or economic angle.

While rest of the world is still shying away from taking responsibility of the environment, despite increasing frequencies of climatic and ecological disasters, this tiny country of only 750,000 people is drawing global attention. While experts keep talking of environmental conservation and sustainable development and people agree with them, but this tiny kingdom is already doing it; and it is doing so mandated by its Constitution!

India needs a development system that targets poverty and is people and labor-oriented. The HD model is the right medicine for a poor country with large population base; Bhutan, whose major source of income is only the export of hydropower to India, gives us the ideal recipe. Will the Indian government show courage and stop following the West?

Is the World Headed towards a New Global Order?



New face of Modern India

New face of Modern India

Since 1991, the Indian government is occupied with economic liberalization, privatization and globalization, but in the process it has only deepened the divide between the rich (hence powerful) and the poor. By design, the process is geared towards industrialization and corporatization of India in line with how the Western nations developed, disregarding the ground realities of the country. Consequently, there has been 6-8 percent growth in GDP for over a decade and yet no meaningful impact on poverty.

For all practical purposes, the new economic policies remain directed to the 25 percent population living in the urban areas. Rest of the larger India is expected to benefit only from the “trickle-down” effect. Americans are particularly proud of this Reagan- Thatcher philosophy which wants to hand over everything to the rich elites and run the country. This is also driving rural to urban migration into cities that are already overcrowded. It is height of insanity to think that 125 crore Indian can be herded into towns where they will slave the corporate houses and drive Altos, eat pizzas and buy grocery from air-conditioned Malls like the Americans do.

In the reform era, natural resources, minerals, water and land are all being given to corporate houses at throw away prices so that they can setup industries and modern facilities that will generate employment for ordinary Indians and India will “develop.” This approach, though dictated by the IMF and the WB, is not suitable for a populous and poor country like India. First, this corporate led economic growth can not generate enough employment India needs – around 1 crore new jobs per year mostly for the unskilled or semi-skilled people. What’s the ground reality: Between 2005 and 2010, Indian economy only created around 30 lakh jobs!!

Second, promoting urbanization is absurd for a country where cities are already overcrowded. Modi’s idea of 100 smart cities is also flawed for the same reason. The core idea behind the current policies is to transfer people from the rural agriculture sector to urban industry and service sector to serve as cheap and exploitable labor force. Urbanization is OK for the West with its small population base where mechanized farming need fewer people in agriculture to produce food grains; the majority survives by working in the industrial sector.

Why our culture and lifestyle is not respected?

Why our culture and lifestyle is not respected?

It is a shame that we are displacing innocent and naive tribals from their ancestral lands (where they also act as natural custodians of resources and live in dignity with limited means) and forcing them to migrate to cities to become manual labors for the industry (and lead an exploited life without sense of security or dignity) – all in the name of development.

How about displacing people from New Delhi and Mumbai and forcing them to repair the ecological mess of mining activities of Vedantas, Tatas, Essars, JPs, and Ruias and clean the pollution of mega thermal power plants? I think it is time that the “consumers must pay” rule should be changed to “consumers must clean”!!


Ideally India should only focus on simplifying and reducing the government procedures that stifle business and enterprise, while not neglecting the farmers. India must go beyond the GDP growth and aim for real development. Here is a simple plan to development India:

5 Point Holistic Development Plan for India


Is Population a Monster?

Is Population a Monster?

Why population of India does not stop growing – is a question everyone wants to ask. It is growing not because people are having large families, but simply because there are too many people in the reproductive age group – population momentum. The sterilization camps are no more the right place to tackle the population issue; the family planning battle must be now fought on the social plane. The correct anti-dotes to population growth due to momentum are:

  1. Late marriage: Stop all girls’ marriages below 18. In India, about 47% girls are already married before the legal age of 18 and a significant proportion has already given births.
  2. Delayed pregnancies: Delay pregnancy by 1-3 years after marriage, and
  3. Spacing among children: Keep at least 3 years gap between births. Often, quick pregnancies result from non-availability of contraceptives, particularly in the rural areas. Almost a quarter of all births take place for this reason alone.

There are many popular myths around population of India. At the core of it, lies the issue of women empowerment, which itself is powerful contraceptive.

Indian family planning officials will do themselves as well as the country favor, it they educate themselves on the issues of population momentum and also pay attention to what the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), Cairo, 1994 laid down on the population question. For an historical perspective, please read

History and Politics of Population Phobia

The Colonial way to control population of India?!: You may also like to know how the British “ignored” famines in the colonial India as a weapon (instrument) for population management. During the shameful British Raj 30 – 50 million Indians have been estimated to have died in famines in 200 years of colonial plunder.

The good news is that the birthrates are falling all over the world, not only in India. The Malthusian fear of overpopulation has gone bust already and the global population should stabilize around 2100, in the range 11 – 13 billion. Currently, people are debating how to curtail global population from reaching 9 billion by 2050, as has been predicted by some experts.

Child marriages have played a big role in propagating poverty through population growth throughout the world.


Kerala is Unique in the world!

Kerala is Unique in the world!

The tiny state, Kerala, is a unique example of the power of people development; the whole world acknowledges and admires the wonderful culture and society of Kerala. It is also unique in the respect for women; it has the best female/male ratio in the country – 1084 female for every 1000 male as per the 2011 census (highest in the Kunnur District 1136 and the lowest in Idukki district, 1006). Compare it with the national average of 940 females. The next best is way behind; it is Tamil Nadu, 996 female followed closely by Andhra Pradesh with 993 female per 1000 male. Interestingly, the economically prosperous Haryana has the lowest sex ratio, 879 females. What stops our foreign trained scholars of New Delhi to learn from Kerala? In fact, Kerala can teach a lot, both to India and China about how to look after its people and control the population.


Colonial Police of Free India!

Colonial Police of Free India!

Every patriotic Indian is feeling the pain looking at the way politician-corporate-bureaucrat nexus has taken control over policy making and distributing country’s resources among themselves. Recent 2G and Coal Scam are the most glaring example how country’s natural wealth can be looted. This loot was done in the business-as-usual fashion; therefore no one is ashamed of it. This is how the corporate world operates across nations – undermining laws of the land or even by creating laws that suit their business interests.  India is among the worst governed countries in the world whose leaders rely on foreign dictates more than local sane voices. This slave mentality has not died even 65 years after the colonial British left India; on the contrary it has only strengthened. All ills of the nation can be traced only to one thing: Bad Governance.

In fact, lack of accountability at all levels is at the core of bad governance in India and every problem emerges from it – whether Naxal violence, corruption, poverty, or even population. On the Global Integrity Index that measures governance and anti-corruption of nations, India fairs badly. It also points to weak governance due to lack of accountability of politicians and bureaucrats.

The most important governance reforms relate to the electoral processes, police and judiciary, bureaucratic and judicial accountability, and also strengthening grass-root democracy by seriously implementing the PRI and PESA Acts and making caste-based reservations history.

Political reforms and transparency in political funding is at the root of all corruption and bad governance. It particularly creates corruption at the top of the State hierarchy. Simultaneously, two urgent reforms are Police and Judicial Reforms. The police force is still operating in the colonial mindset and sees itself as a protector of rulers from the citizens! Poor and ordinary citizens are particularly vulnerable when they have to deal with the police and seek justice. Indian courts are atrociously slow that makes a mockery of justice. Rich can exploit loopholes in the laws and procedural aspects and can get by with practically anything.

A Suggested Road-Map to Judicial Reforms
The Corruption Landscape of India

Download the Full Report: Corruption in India


MNREGA workers

MNREGA workers

Passed in 2005, the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) is the Biggest Anti-poverty Program in the World! In spirit, the developmental projects under the NREGA (now renamed MGNREGA; MG for Mahatma Gandhi) are supposed to be designed, planned and implemented by the gram Panchayats. Thus, this unique Act has the potential to revitalize the PRIs, giving impetus to the grass-root democracy, and also create unskilled jobs in rural India. This scheme has become the darling of the rural poor who can LEGALLY claim up to 100 days of unskilled work at the prescribed minimum wages. However, The real Potential of MGNREGA is yet to be Realized. Unfortunately, many states have failed to appreciate the potentials of this program. If implemented in fairness and in coordination with broader plans, MGNREGA can become the catalyst for transformation of rural India.

Poverty cannot be eliminated from the country without looking after the small farmers. Fascinated by text book prescription of eliminating all subsidies by the Western lenders, the government is bent on eliminating all forms of subsidies given to the farmers. This is simply disastrous: Western nations indulge in all manners of protections for their farmers and subsidize basic food items to keep food prices low and affordable. Their farming sector is not a major livelihood provider unlike in India. Offering ever increasing minimum support price (MSP) to farmers is an inadequate and inefficient way to help the farmers or to keep the food prices in control. Indian farmers need Income support, not just MSP.


(Download the full report: Right To Education Act, 2009)

Let's go to School

Let’s go to School

The right to education Act was put into force in 2010. It gave legal right of education to all kids in the age group of 6 – 14. The vehicle for implementation of the RTE is the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA). Since 2010 necessary changes have been made in the rule of the SSA to conform to the RTE requirements.

It is certainly a massive undertaking to cover children even in the remote habitations. But it must be acknowledged that a lot of children began to see schools, they would have never dreamed off otherwise. No doubt, shortage of teachers and quality of education is poor but shall we not celebrate over 96% average enrollment across the country. If the government keeps its promise and raise expenditure on education to the tune of 5-6% of GDP, it will have a long term impact on the future generations.

No doubt, critics will keep asking the question: Does Right to Education mean Right to Schooling Only?

However, in stead of cynicism it might be helpful if we also look at the positive side of elementary education in India. And keep improving the delivery.


Modi's victory in 2014 Loksabha has changed political discourse of India.

Modi’s victory in 2014 Loksabha has changed political discourse of India.

By all means the year 2014 will be remembered for changing the political discourse in the history of free India. It would be known for the charisma of Modi and strategy of Amit Shah. Both proved that they know India and aspirations of its people better than anyone else. First it was the thumping victory of the BJP in the 2014 Loksabha polls with a clear majority (282/543) that made Modi PM. It was a double victory for the country.

One, removal of the most incompetent and corrupt government since independence. The 10 years of Manhoman (remote controlled by his party boss and her son) at the helm has left practically every Indian feeling badly helpless and powerless. With assertive, dynamic and vocal Modi as PM now India seems to have a leader. After Bajpai, Indians now again feel that they are governed by leaders who know India, its people and culture well. It’s a big assurance looking at the sub-mediocre governance since Sonia landed on the steering wheel of the Congress Party nearly scene 2 decades ago – soon her son turned Indian politics into something like high school kids debating global issues.

Two, a clear majority to a single party BJP, ending the governance paralysis of coalition governments of past 2 decades. It gave a big blow to the political power brokers such as Mulayam Singh, Laloo Prasad Yadav, Mayawati, Mamata Banerjee, Sharad Pawar and their likes. With just handful of MPs they had been dictating the fate and functioning of coalition governments for almost 2 decades and the common man and his interest has almost cease to matter, except for the words of party manifestoes.

It is also a badly needed course correction of country’s governance that revolved around the Congress Party since 1947 when the colonial British transferred power to it. Leaving aside the brief interruptions,  it was largely a one family rule of the democratic India for over half a century. Of course, the Congress culture of slavery to this family is unlikely to end soon.

The Modi-Shah charisma did not end with the Lok Sabha poll; it continued in the assembly polls for rest of the 2014: first in Maharashtra and Haryana and then in Jharkhand and J&K. Like Modi, Shah is also a man dedicated to the cause of nation building and a remarkable political strategist. No wonder, both workaholics form a great team.

However, the Delhi election in early 2015 surprised every political pundit, when it gave 67 assembly seats to AAP, just 4 seats to the BJP and 0 seats to Sonia’s congress that ruled Delhi for 12 years. But the maverick Arvind Kejriwal and his immature demeanors split the party – almost all senior most founder members were recently thrown out of the party. The Aam Aadmi Party is now virtually a one man party, revolving around the gimmicks of its supremo, Arvind Kejriwal. Many doubt if the AAP government would survive even an years. Mr Kejriwal is already ground for backing off on electoral promises.

Modi has already proved that he stands much above all in the political landscape of the country. His cleanliness drive and Adarsh Gram scheme along with other initiatives like creating the National Institution for Transforming India (NITI) in place of the outdated and useless Planning Commission suggest that he is a man full of creative ideas. His almost mythical performances in Japan,  US,  and Australia and then business focused visits to France, Germany and Canada along with his decisive handling of Pakistan and China  makes Indians proud that they now  have a world class leader. His prompt handling of natural disasters in Kashmir, Orissa and even in Nepal assures people that they have a sincere friend as the PM.

‘Strong arm’ leaders like Mulayam and Laloo are highly worried and insecure men today. Along with Nitish Kumar and few other insignificant ex splinters of Janata Party they created a ‘grand coalition’ or a Maha Janata Dal to counter the BJP and Modi. People see it as the last battle of the Big Egos before they become history. Bihar assembly poll in November 2015 will prove that point, hopefully decisively.

Now people see it as a mental disorder when these old timers still claim to be uniting in the name of fighting the “communal” BJP. These big shots, their minority appeasement gimmicks and “vote bank” politics are becoming irrelevant as more and more Muslims are coming out of their traditional “shells” and embracing their non-Muslim brothers. They can’t be fooled to vote for the real communal and divisive forces masquerading as “secularists”  – whom ordinary people call “Sickular”  or “Pseudo-Secular”.

Even in the Congress party, some rare independent thinkers have started to worry about party’s anti-Hindu image – and rightly so. In the 21st century, you can no longer show off as a secular simply by accusing Hindus and their organizations of being communal. You are offending all right minded and rational thinking people of India – no matter which community they belong to.

With fully dedicated, honest, hardworking, rational and clear-headed Modi firmly at the driving wheel, now is the best time to catapult India to new heights, given the superb brain power it has.

Let’s all celebrate and hope for freedom from poverty, illusions and ignorance gathered in six decades by the self-serving dynastic rule by a single family. The “privy” of this family and other privileged dynasties should end now forever so that real democracy now begins to germinate.

105 Responses to Overview of Important Issues in India

  1. Great blog and good thoughts…

  2. Gokulmuthu says:

    Great summary !!! It is good to see that you are updating it with the latest findings also. The articles linked to are also very informative. Thanks.

  3. Sudcha says:

    Thank you for creating this blog and all these posts, detailed reports.
    -an Indian.

  4. Shweta says:

    Mind blowing thoughts…………………. May everyone in India would understand it………………..

  5. raj says:

    very informative and thought provoking.please keep adding new contents.thanks will be a very small part of my gratitude.

  6. very good initiative drive by admin to focus on social issues..every 1 must follow dis blog to get aware about such problems..

  7. Nihar says:

    Great work.
    specially the youth will be able to know the the Nasty political mentality of our policy makers and their activity, and how they are making people fool. Really such a priceless articles. since quite couple of years i was inquest of such a website. Now i got it. Than you very much.

    It will also help people to know the Issues in details as well as the technical things of our constitution

    I m belongs to Yuva Bharat group and we are raising issues in the “Janasabha” time to time.
    It will help me a lot to increase my knowledge about “issues”.

    I would like to have a mail in case any new articles updation.

  8. abhishek says:

    good one !

  9. anna says:

    good one….thanks…

  10. Apoorv - Shrivastav says:

    I am extremely grateful 4 the everyone (since I don’t know exactly who is the one to maintain this blog) for providing us such a wonderful content ,
    this blog is extremely helpful for the I.A.S aspirants and their blossoming future .

  11. Goodpal says:

    Thanks Apoorv,

    Do share your critical comments too.

  12. shivu says:

    nice report thanks

  13. G.Saranya says:

    Thank u i will gain something………….

  14. Ram says:

    Your articles and reports are of great value to people preparing for the civil services exam…thank you very much

  15. Pooja Rawal says:

    eye opening and an.engrossing blog………it awakens an Indian …the crude ground realities omnipresent reflect how majority of the nation has been left embittered by the faulty public policies evident in form of internal disturbances.

  16. Goodpal says:

    Thank you Ram and Pooja. Please keep visiting and sharing your thoughts and critiques. Lets work together to make India and the world a better and more just place. We must not take injustice and suffering for granted. Progress is not just spread of mobile phones, internet, pizzas or shopping malls, it has to do with human dignity and freedom from pain and insecurity.

    Have a good day!


    • satyaveer says:

      its like i found a treasure on various contemporary issues ,keep it up .i would be a regular reader of your blog ,that shows attraction of this blog .while i would like to read on indian security related issues like role of technology,cyber terror, external threats etc..
      on more ,like globalization and indian society,,etc.etc..
      thanks to you for making my day…please keep this job at high without biased way ,So we people also get hope to solve the issues ,otherwise its like always just to be in frustration with respect to our nation.
      While we know that we have to present a lot ,every nation need So everytime we cant finish merely crticisizing it .

      thank you.

      • Goodpal says:

        Thank you Satyaveer, for taking time to share. The issues I pick up here are for constructive debate. The ultimate hope is that it would be resolved and the public gains the benefit. You will already know that India has perhaps the worst bureaucracy in the world; ever ready to stall implementation of any good policy. Not because there are only bad people in the bureaucracy but because the work culture is still of the pre-independence days where their role was to serve the lords and suppress the people.

        I learned that a lot of IAS aspirants read this blog for their exams. I just hope that they all succeed and then put the insight gained here for the betterment of general public. They are suppose execute and implement laws for the good of even the poorest person. It is possible only if they have insightful knowledge of people’s problems and the guts to solve them. Laws exist for the people; not the other way round.

        I do my best to offer solutions of every issue raised in the articles here. Anyone can criticize anything but that serves no purpose.

        Let’s all work together so that India becomes the best place to live on this planet.

        Do keep visiting and sharing. Thanks again for reading.

        Wish you a good day!

      • satyaveer says:

        while it may be too much to ask that you add more issues ,But no doubt you are serving a very big service for our parts .I think you had added almost all important topics mostly i never found appropriate things about PESA act, .It was really worthy reading …please keep it .
        and ,even i read your other blogs also like solar panel, and two others also.You write with in depth ,really hats off sir.
        please write on all issues whichever you thinks to be worthy for aware people.Also ,always add some solution like you are a researcher ,so its not too difficult to be optimistic about our country ,even we have to that other wise who else.
        I think most of the civil aspirants also do read your blog ,so biased or hypocrite things are which they dont like to be read.
        But ,its equally important to know reality behind the curtain ,But remedies should be under our knowldge So as you said we can do our best to make our country best planet of the world.
        Thanks for replying ,
        i will ask more friends to read your blog which make aware us about real india.

  17. sudhakar says:

    short and excellent presentation of the passage. Thanks .

  18. sushant singh says:

    wow…really impressed with the depth , insight and the comprehensive nature of your articles. has really helped me with my ias preparations…thnx a ton and please keep up the good work..

  19. Goodpal says:

    Thanks Sushant, for sharing. Wish you good luck in your IAS preparations.
    May I suggest another way to learn with longer retention: Whenever you learn anything new, write a short passage or a short article in your own words without referring to anything.

    Do keep visiting and sharing.

    Have a good day!

    • satyaveer says:

      wow…what a advice you had given .thanks sir.!!
      i would like to intimidate over it so in curse i would secure indepth knowledge over various issues .

  20. Goodpal says:

    I see you keen interest Satyaveer. Please feel free to share your thoughts in detail how this blog can be improved.

  21. Siri says:

    Great site. I have just visited, will definitely follow the issues. Keep updating it please:)

  22. Siri says:

    Can you provide RSS feeds to your site please?

  23. Man u r just awesome. You dont have the idea how is you helping the nation!!! Hope to have a reply!!! I would be happy if you can can provide me every links that you have written about issues!!! Thanks
    :) :) :)

  24. Goodpal says:

    Thanks Abhijeet,

    You can scan some of my articles at hubpages. Here is the latest one: http://goodpal.hubpages.com/hub/Millennium-Development-Goals-How-to-view-Poverty-after-2015

    Do keep visiting and sharing. Have a good day!


    • Sir, we are really exploring the possibility of making the best political website ever. After reading your blogs about political topics there is a swing in perception. We would be much happy if you would agree to join our team and become the chief editor of our site. Because your thoughts are far widened. An early response is highly appreciated & we hope for a positive one. If you do agree we can discuss about the best possibility.

      Sincerely Yours,

  25. Goodpal says:

    Thank you Abhijeet, for your interest to work with me. It might be a better idea to send me a mail describing what exactly you have on your mind, at vj.agra@yahoo.com. I am also connected with some NGOs and help them document their work and reports, so I would like to understand the situation before I can commit time.

    From your profile at the facebook, you appear to be a young and dynamic graduate. I always like to associate with people with ideas and desire to materialize them too. Doing small things is better than debating big ideas and doing nothing.

    Wish you a wonderful day!

  26. Siri says:

    The most Irresistible and addictive articles that I have come across.

  27. Goodpal says:

    Hi, Siri, You might like to get in touch with Abhijeet Mohapatra (see comment above) and see what positive comes out. If crooks and politicians join hands to fool people, why not good and intelligent people like you and Abhijeet!! Think about it and get connected!!!

    Keep visiting and sharing.

    Have a wonderful day!

  28. Siri says:

    Thanks for the appreciation goodpal. Couldn’t comprehend much from the comment of abhijeet, can you throw some light on the political website or work he mentioned about?

  29. Goodpal says:

    About Abhijeet’s project: I have yet to figure out myself!!! So far, I am impressed by his zeal to do something good for the society. Though he is still an engineering student, I can sense the desire to make some impact on the society, which is wonderful.

    Good Day!

  30. Siri says:

    Yes true. Goodpal, can you suggest good non fiction books of the kind Amartya Sen’s uncertain glory and the like giving new perspectives on India?

  31. Siva says:

    A comprehensive coverage of issues is done in a very impartial and informative manner so as to make people aware of the ground reality. This helps not only in exams but actually for real life. keep writing, pen and sword are the only instruments in this world to reform it.

  32. anees says:

    Very nice article

  33. aishwarya says:

    really a great effort, focusing almost all possible social problems and situations in india

  34. Goodpal says:

    Thanks Anees and Aishwarya, for reading and sharing.

    We need to go into depth of the problems if we want to solve them. It is just my humble efforts to try to do so.

    Do keep visiting.

  35. Dr. Monuj says:

    Its really refreshing me lot about current social political..scenarios of India..Thanks.

  36. Goodpal says:

    Thanks Dr Monuj. Do keep visiting and sharing.

  37. bubu says:

    lucky to have come across this blog.very informative and thoughts provoking!!!i especially like the issue on ‘MGNREGA and GDP’.keep up:………..

  38. Goodpal says:

    Thanks Bubu, for reading and sharing. Do keep visiting at your convenience.

  39. mana says:


    • Goodpal says:

      Any democracy is only as good as its people and the quality and extent of their involvement in societal and political processes. So, why complain; make efforts to improve people and raise their awareness.

  40. lakhwinder says:

    Thankyou goodpal for visiting this ospicious site of India . I hope you like this.

    • dawn5000 says:

      Sir,you write fantastically over different issues with such in depth details and in lucid manner. We all are grateful to you. After all, knowledge is all about to sharing . You are doing it very well. One more suggestion sir if you get the time write about yourself, do share your journey also.is it all easy or how you come to write on these issues. And many more…. Thank you.

    • Goodpal says:

      Thanks. Keep visiting and sharing. Let’s all grow together, forever!

  41. Thank You Boss, I can feel that this blog will help me a lot in my interview in UPSC Civils. It was a refreshing, Insightful and fact of the matter understanding.

  42. Goodpal says:

    Thanks for visiting the blog. Do keep visiting and commenting critically; it helps to share views and know others’ point of view.

    What counts in the interview is the mind and insight you carry with you. Any one can memorize and spit out to pass written exams. Good luck with your interview; wish you every success.

  43. Sheena Kapoor says:

    awesome read. Great insightful blog. If only the Indian politicos paid some heed to this page

  44. Great work…..this is real education…..Alas ! all Indian could know and realize their REAL problem.
    Wish to get associated with your team.I feel that if we can ensure a FAST JUDICIAL system, people will start moving in court for any sort of injustice/corruption and that will act as a restraint for corrupt Leaders/Public Servants/Businessmen.Hitherto, people donot dare to take legal recourse as they are afraid of slow and illogical court process where justice is always denied for “DELAY”

  45. Rakshit Sharma says:

    am following this site for the last two years and today i find myself confident in the public..
    give me a topic and i’ll go on and on..
    credit goes to you, sir..

    very well done..!
    i sincerely wish you the very best for your future..

  46. Goodpal says:

    Thanks Rakshit, I am glad that this blog is helping you. Why talk about text book problems and textbook solutions? Real life problems need real clarification and practical solutions. It is heartening to know that UPSC aspirants are a majority in following this blog.

  47. saravana says:

    Grt blog
    salute to admin

  48. avinash raj says:

    it is basic ken(knowledge) of surviving indian and their economy.

  49. babitha says:

    dont wait for the government to respond,friends…first we all should respond to these serious problems…only then,the government responds…

  50. jagadeeshwar reddy says:

    I have learnt so many facts from this blog.it has very good information about the present major problems of india. thank you very much

  51. sumit oza says:

    Superb…it’s the real manifestation of present scenario of the nation going to become SUPERPOWER… But now NAMO…will do whatever u have mentioned at last…because RULE OF LAW STARTED SINCE 17/05/2014..

  52. Ravi Sharma says:

    Really, your blogs are saying something meaningful. This is really a good job by the admin of this website. I like your post over Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan.

  53. anverali says:

    i would like to blog

  54. Deepa says:

    Really Good Artcle..very deep

  55. Buggi says:

    Very Nice Blog…… It helping me a lot in my study. Thank you Sooooooooo much Dear. :)

  56. Akash says:

    Very nice blog, Hope every greedy Indian understand this and change his mindset

  57. gems mohanty says:

    i just get to upgrade myself .. thank you

  58. Goodpal says:

    Thanks friends, for reading and sharing. Pl keep visiting.

  59. Sriraghuveer says:

    Thanks it is very good blog it helped me in my study about the social issues in india.

  60. Prithvi Prabhakar says:

    A fantastic work…. the points you mentioned are really the aspects to be looked-up by every indian citizen. Pls continue your work…..

    suggestion: you can initiate sessions to bring on awareness among the people… we are always ready to support you…

  61. Archana says:

    Very nice article.. It shows reality of india

  62. ranjeet singh thakur says:

    First people have to know that is issue ……that means identity of problem is most important….. Than took an action about it……..please do something ………..

  63. likam says:

    dont know much about these issues but get a start

  64. anuj says:

    going through the blog is interesting , but implementation is not possible by indians

  65. pratisruty saikia says:

    It’s a great summary but would like to say that Adivasi and tribal are different from each other…. Tribal people are those who lives in the hilly areas or in the plains…..and Adivasi are those who work in the tea garden……so it’s my humble request so that people can’t mix up….. Because tribal and Adivasi people they have different culture and lifestyle

  66. dayanand gawade says:

    your blog is very helpful both for my compitative exam studies and also to increasing my awareness level :)
    great work
    continue. :)

  67. THE BRAIN says:

    It good blog for knowledge but its language is bias and not neutral.

  68. Goodpal says:

    Thanks Brain for sharing. Do keep visiting and share your views in detail.

  69. Ajstylez says:

    Immensely helpful info…only one request…please give a balance view by adding govt initiatives.
    Thanks keep up the good work

  70. Roy says:

    “Fully dedicated, honest, hard-working, rational and clear-headed Modi ”
    Are you kidding yourself man?
    We have a mass murderer as the prime minister of our country, and you are hoping for betterment?
    Now is the time to gather and take action against fascist and communal powers that have come to power only by virtue of advertisement and PR gimmicks. Do you know how much Modi has payed to AFCO international a public relations organisation since 2007 just to change his image from that of a ‘face of terrorist’ to the ‘development man’? Since a few months back he was denied entry in the USA because they considered him a criminal mastermind, and now for oil and cheaper raw materials Obama has become his friend. Such a low life is sitting at the head of our country, we should hang our heads in shame.

  71. Goodpal says:

    Thanks Roy, for commenting. You are entitled to your extreme views on Modi.

    I don’t see him as Hindu monster ready to eat Muslims or as a mass murderer, despite the media hype. He clearly has the qualities you find hard to accept; people can sure disagree or choose not to see them. I don’t look for perfect people in this utterly imperfect world full of lies, liars and distorted brains.

  72. Expresser says:

    I believe the root cause of all social issues/ corruption is to have COMPLEX structure.. COMPLEX industries..COMPLEX technologies.. products and services–difficult to understand. which gives the people opportunity to cheat. and an eye for an eye makes the world blind.

    • Goodpal says:

      You are right. In a world devoid of human values and morality, nothing can remain simple. This is the root cause. GDP can grow only with such immoral means, making us the victims.

      • Expresser says:

        no goodpal. It is not the people who are immoral. but it is the technology or you can say methodology which is immortal. before east India company, Indians use to have simple works, simple jobs. which were TRANSPARENT. so if anyone do something wrong. he was being caught instantly. but when east India company came…they do bring their technologies with them into India. For example. earlier we used to have bullock carts to travel from city to city. EIC brought scooters and then motorcars. so it affected Indians in both ways. on one side employment got reduced. A bus can carry 100 people, what 10 bullock carts could. so in this way. as a bus (100 travelers) give employ-ability to only 1 person whereas earlier 10 people used to get employed for the same. who got benefited for those 9 persons is the bus maker company. Like this the company made 100 buses and get the employ-ability benefit of 9 people. Whereas Indian work methods was people oriented.
        you think and tell me ‘ why even after being famous as the country of golden sparrow we were so less in having complex technologies’ I think that our ancestors knew that after a certain level, increase in complexity will lead to non-transparency.
        Not only this but what i found out in my years of research that their technology itself is so complex that only specialized people of that field can know it comprehensively. so automatically it gives people the opportunity to hide, to cheat, to corrupt.
        you will also see in your daily life that for all the services except your field you have to rely on others it may be the technician who repairs your fan/fridge etc. or the bike/car mechanic or when you take an insurance- insurance adviser.
        I invite you to tell me all the issues one by one and i will answer how that issue took place due to non-transparent structure.

      • Goodpal says:

        Complexity and simplicity are relative terms. What is complex for one might be simple for another.

        Societies need ‘appropriate technologies’ to progress in a healthy, without jeopardizing well being of people or their livelihood. This is possible if people are the focus of development, not economy, nor technology. Both these things are just means for people to live happy, healthy and creative life.

        Today, we have put the economy and technology ahead of people; they are mere tools. This is like putting the cart before the bullock! You you put things in the right perspective, everything gets simplified.

  73. Sundarrao says:

    I like the reply of Goodpal on the comments of Roy. However, there is a reason for Roy to comment in that way as it was happened during the regime of Modi. God knows the actuals. Would request Goodpal to elaborate details of Godhra if rules permit in this forum. Having said that, during 2014 elections, India was badly in need of a strong and able adminstrator as a PM after seeing Manmohan for 10 years. At that time, by god’s grace, we all had given a clear mandate to one party. In the existing lot of BJP, it is certainly that Modi is the best choice. Modi is good task master which India wants. As Goodpal said, no one is perfect. We all have some issues. But, we need a leader who can lead the country with vision and pride which was missing in the last 10 years. Hence, Modi is good and would expect that the efforts being put would certainly lead to good governance and overall development as Goodpal narrated in his write up. Let us hope for the best. We should also start discussing about the topics on sustainable energy for happy living.

  74. Goodpal says:

    Thanks Sundarrao, for sharing.

    Modi gave a hope to people who were desperate after seeing a spineless government for last 10 years. His clarity on issues (whether we agree with him or not is another point) is amazing. His dynamism, honesty, stamina to work hard, ability to act tough against Pakistan are a few refreshing qualities we should be celebrating. But anyway, Modi or some other personality is not the issue; the issues are leader’s qualities, policies and ability to execute them.

    The important issues at present are:

    1. How to ensure justice to the farmers while helping industrial growth.
    2. How to have a people and job oriented economy – in my opinion it is possible only by promoting small and medium enterprises in millions; which means promoting entrepreneurship and skill development in bulk.
    3. Why is India making the GDP growth a “national goal” By all means it is a flawed measure of progress; in fact it hides more than it shows. Why not the government lays down a clear vision of ‘development’ before the country. The goal of development is always people and society’s growth in terms of peacefulness, cohesiveness, justice and inclusiveness; GDP growth only creates means to achieve that; it can’t be the ultimate goal !
    4. Women/girls empowerment – This single step will help reducing both poverty and population control, besides making society healthier and more just.

    I invite readers to share SOLUTIONS to these problems. It is far too easy to criticize and find fault or hide behind idealisms.

    Let’s work towards a better India that again attracts people from the so-called developed countries. For that we have to beyond economic boundaries.

  75. rishabh says:

    There should be a strict rules for each n every citizens this all critical problems should be shared with Mr modi he is the perfect person who could understand the importance of the issues of India

  76. NISHANT says:



  77. Avinash Das says:

    A big thank you for the one who created this blog…It’s so good…

  78. Goodpal says:

    Thanks Avinash. Please keep coming and sharing.

  79. Rajchauhan says:

    Extraordinary I never seen such a good reading

  80. indian muslim says:

    “In the truncated “Secular” India, activities of radical Islamic elements, who could not go to Pakistan during partition but remained in India as Pakistan sympathizer, remained an ever lurking threat to communal harmony.”

    Substantiate above mentioned allegations with any real life example. After all here you are accusing millions of Muslims of being Pakistan sympathizer.

    How can you put entire blame on Muslims for communal violence even without giving passing reference to communal Hindu organizations such as bajrang dal vhp etc.

    your opinions on communal violence and vote bank politics has right leaning bias.


  81. Goodpal says:

    Dear Indian Muslim, thanks for reading and sharing.

    Please do not use blanket term “Muslims” which imply all Muslims and distinguish the “radical Islamic elements” who are only few Muslims. It is a widespread BAD habit to tarnish the whole Muslim community for actions of “some” bad Apples. Likewise, not all Hindus come under Bajrang Dal and its clones. All fundamentalism is bad and destructive.

    The Charlie Hebdo cartoonists were also free speech fundamentalists who were displaying their mental sickness in the name of freedom of expression. Likewise only insane people can use Islam to justify their acts of violence. God doesn’t become great by killing in its name; God becomes great by loving others in God’s name.

    Let’s unite the “voices of sanity” and join hands to expose those with criminal mindset, regardless of what type of religion they claim to represent.

  82. within.rahul@gmail.com says:

    MIND BLOWING……………….

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